All articles for the topic: Yemen

European Commission DG ECHO - Ethiopia: EU boosts aid in response to El Niño drought [Flickr]

CC&E Nexus Brief: The El Niño Phenomenon and Related Impacts 

This brief focuses on El Niño–Southern Oscillation phenomenon and the 2015/2016 El Niño event in particular, the environmental and societal impacts and effects of which will extend well into 2017.

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wfp food uncertainty 2015 abeer etefa - climate adaptation.

Food in an uncertain future

This report sets out the risks to food security in the Middle East and North Africa from climate change, and how these vulnerabilities interact with other key trends and sources of risk.

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Yemen Sadah Basin

Sadah Basin

An intermountain basin, the Sadah Basin is situated in Yemen’s western highlands about 250km north of Sana’a as shown in Figure 3.1 below. The basin is characterized by sparse...

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Aden City

Aden City

Aden City is the chief port of Yemen and is one of the largest natural harbors in the world with an area of about 70km² of sheltered water surrounded by Jebel Shamsan, Khoremakser, and...

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Yemen Sana'a Basin

Sana’a Basin

The Sana'a Basin is located in the Central Highlands of Yemen and includes the capital city of Sana'a. At an elevation ranging from 2,000 to 2,200m ASL, the basin is characterized...

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4f257d3b82622yemen-water-crisis-2017 - climate adaptation.

Yemen NCAP Project

Yemen's Capital, Sana'a

Linking Water Scarcity with Climate Change


This project explored the linkages between water scarcity and climate change....

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World Bank Climate Investment Funds

The World Bank announced the approval of 2 large Climate Investment funds in July 2008, the Clean Technology Fund (CTF) and the Strategic Climate Fund (SCF), which are to serve largely to aid...

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Map NCAP projects

Netherlands Climate Assistance Programme (NCAP)

This article provides an overview of the first phase of the Netherlands Climate Change Studies Assistance Programme and links to the project reports from the 13 counties covered under the scheme.

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Lessons learned from Yemen NCAP Project

Lessons Learned from Yemen Project

The choice of adaptation strategy depends on the dictates of the particular case study region, including both physical and stakeholder inputs. While pilot...

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Key findings from Yemen NCAP Project

The key results and findings for the Yemen NCAP project are presented for each case study site following a brief overview of characteristics of each site. The discussion of key findings covers...

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Mitigation: Yemen's unconditional mitigation pledge is a 1% decrease in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to their business as usual scenario, while a 14% reduction could be achieved under certain conditions and with access to external financing. Mitigation efforts would target the energy sector (production ad demand), the agriculture sector (irrigation systems, cropping systems, and forestry and agricultural land use), and the waste sector (both solid waste and wastewater). Specific actions include building greater renewable generation capacity, increasing the efficiency of power generation and transmission, reducing methane released from soil when framing, and using landfill gas for power generation. Adaptation: Studies have found that Yemen’s key climate vulnerabilities are its agriculture sector, coastal areas, and water supply. In order to ensure resilience in these priority areas Yemen is pursuing a multi-sectoral, multi-stakeholder, adaptation process. Current adaptation programming looks at climate information services, integrated coastal zone management, rural livelihoods, rain-fed agriculture, biodiversity conservation, and natural disasters early warning and response. Future priorities include promoting rainwater harvesting, encouraging sustainable agriculture and land resource management, using renewable energy to build resilience in rural communities, and integrating the protection of sensitive ecosystems into livelihoods around natural resource management. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Signed), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)


Yemen's NDC-SDG Connections

Currently Yemen is facing a humanitarian crisis, resulting in part from armed conflict and an unstable political and security situation, which limits its capacity to participate in international climate change discussions and to address climate change domestically. Yemen is already experiencing food insecurity, a resulting reliance on food imports, water scarcity, land degradation and desertification, drought, and coastal erosion and flooding; all of which compromises growth and economic development, and will be exacerbated by climate change. Yemen may also face new challenges, like increased disease spread from climate variability and extreme climate events, as a result of climate change. Yemen's economy has been dominated by the oil sector, though decreasing oil revenue and resources suggests diversification may be necessary to allow for economic growth. Adapting to climate change impacts, and mitigating climate change, is critical to facilitating Yemen's growth and supporting social, economic, and political improvements and stability.


International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement -

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs -
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal -
ClimateWatch Profile -
NDC Partnership Page -

SDG Voluntary National Review

Yemen has not yet completed a Voluntary National Review, and does not have a review scheduled, but other relevant national reporting is available here -

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview -
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub -

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections -

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability -
Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC -

Emissions Data

Yemen does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but recent emissions reporting can be found within this report -

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action -

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date -

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme -
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan -

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation -


Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing for building natural hazard resilience -
Financing the development of sustainable agriculture and livestock management -
Financing improvements in the water supply systems -
Financing the expansion of renewable energy and technologies to address water shortage issues -
Financing participation with international climate agreement and the completion of reporting requirements -
Financing energy efficiency improvements -

National Trust Fund

There are multiple funds focused on Yemen specifically, but no climate-specific funds.

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update -
OECD Climate Change -
OECD Investment for Green Growth -
Climate Investment Funds -

Multilateral Funders

Yemen receives climate funding from the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the Islamic Development Bank, the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, and the Food and Agriculture Organization, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index -
Environmental Performance Index -

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery -
PreventionWeb -

Energy Supply and Demand

Restoring and Expanding Energy Access: Power Sector Reengagement Note -
Strategies, Current Status, Problems of Energy and Perspectives of Yemen's Renewable Energy Solutions -'s_renewable_energy_solutions
Policy Note: Prospects of Solar Energy in Yemen -
Key Energy Statistics -

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile -

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Climate Change and Livelihoods in Yemen: Policy Implications for Sustainable Rural Development Strategy -
Yemen Emergency Livelihoods Response Plan 2019 -

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Yemen's Third National Communication -

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries -

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page -

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard -

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping -

Land Use Data

FAOStat -

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile -

<span class="isdb-tag">Conflict and Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Desertification</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Internal Displacement</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span>

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