All articles for the topic: Turkmenistan

Climate change impacts on Central Asia high mountains

The Climate-Cryosphere-Water Nexus in Central Asia

This nexus brief explores the interactions between changes in the cryosphere due to climate change and the consequences for water resources and hazard management in Central Asia.

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Mitigation: Turkmenistan has unconditionally committed to limiting the carbon intensity of its economy and decoupling its projected economic growth from a matching rise in greenhouse gas emissions. With international technical and financial support, Turkmenistan suggests it could achieve zero growth in emissions and even reduce them up to 2030. The largest greenhouse gas emissions in Turkmenistan come from fuel combustion, mining, and the transportation and storage of oil and gas, with the main sources being the energy sector (including oil and gas enterprises), agriculture, transport, and housing and communal services. issue Turkmenistan proposes mitigation through energy efficiency, sustainable use of natural gas and petroleum products, and alternative energy sources within industry, transport, and housing and communal services. Adaptation: Turkmenistan expects to face significant climate change challenges, including droughts, heat waves, strong hot and dry winds, dust storms, floods, and prolonged frosts. These climate change impacts are likely to impact agriculture, water management, forestry, ecosystem health, and public health, making these the country's priority sectors for adaptation. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary


Turkmenistan's NDC-SDG Connections

Turkmenistan is an arid country located in Central Asia, the country's landscape is defined by deserts, oases, and mountains zones. In Central Asia, Turkmenistan is considered one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change. The country is already experiencing rising temperatures and climate change is likely to cause water scarcity, desertification, and land degradation, while undermining food security.

 

 

 

 

 

 

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=TKM

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/TM.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/turkmenistan
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/TKM
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=TKM

SDG Voluntary National Review

2019 Voluntary National Review - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/turkmenistan

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/turkmenistan
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/TKM

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

Turkmenistan does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/Tkmnc3.pdf
The ClimateWatch profile may provide one more recent assessment of greenhouse gas emissions - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/TKM

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Disaster Risk Profiles - http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/435441500295772586/Disaster-ri...

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Action Plans

National Strategy on Climate Change - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-strategy-on-climate-...

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme - https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/naps/turkmenistan-eng199...
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/tm/tm-nbsap-v2-ru.pdf

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/turkmenistan

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing addressing climate change risks to the farming system - https://www.adaptation-fund.org/project/addressing-climate-change-risks-...
Financing sustainable urban development - https://www.thegef.org/project/sustainable-cities-integrated-green-urban...
Financing climate resilient livelihoods - https://www.thegef.org/project/supporting-climate-resilient-livelihoods-...
Financing energy efficiency, and the use of renewable energy, in water management - https://www.thegef.org/project/energy-efficiency-and-renewable-energy-su...
Financing protected area administration - https://www.thegef.org/project/strengthening-turkmenistan-protected-area...
Financing sustainable land management - https://www.thegef.org/project/capacity-building-and-ground-investments-...
Financing water supply and sanitation improvements - https://projects.worldbank.org/en/projects-operations/project-detail/P00...

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management - https://www.adb.org/themes/climate-change-disaster-risk-management/main

Multilateral Funders

Turkmenistan receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility, and the Adaptation Fund, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/asia/tkm

Energy Supply and Demand

Renewable Energy Snapshot: Turkmenistan - https://www.undp.org/content/dam/rbec/docs/Turkmenistan.pdf
U.S. Energy Information Administration: Turkmenistan - https://www.eia.gov/beta/international/analysis.php?iso=TKM

Land Use

Monitoring land use and land cover changes in Turkmensitan using remote sensing - https://www.witpress.com/Secure/elibrary/papers/RAV06/RAV06046FU1.pdf
Turkmenistan: Issues and Approaches to Combat Desertification - http://www.cawater-info.net/bk/water_land_resources_use/english/english_...
Desertification and population health in the Turkmenistan part of the Aral Sea region - https://www.witpress.com/Secure/elibrary/papers/EHR01/EHR01026FU.pdf

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Turkmenistan and FAO: Partnering for resilient livelihoods and adaptation to climate change - http://www.fao.org/3/a-au976e.pdf
Supporting climate resilient livelihoods in agricultural communities in drought-prone areas of Turkmenistan - https://www.tm.undp.org/content/turkmenistan/en/home/projects/climate-re...

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Turkmenistan's Third National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/Tkmnc3.pdf
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=25799&cid=178

Case Studies

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/turkmenistan

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/250-turkmenistan

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=TKM

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://www.wmo.int/cpdb/turkmenistan

<span class="isdb-tag">Energy Efficiency</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Sustainable Transport</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Community Organization and Action</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Biological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span>
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