All articles for the topic: Turkmenistan

Climate change impacts on Central Asia high mountains

The Climate-Cryosphere-Water Nexus in Central Asia

This nexus brief explores the interactions between changes in the cryosphere due to climate change and the consequences for water resources and hazard management in Central Asia.

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Mitigation: Turkmenistan has unconditionally committed to limiting the carbon intensity of its economy and decoupling its projected economic growth from a matching rise in greenhouse gas emissions. With international technical and financial support, Turkmenistan suggests it could achieve zero growth in emissions and even reduce them up to 2030. The largest greenhouse gas emissions in Turkmenistan come from fuel combustion, mining, and the transportation and storage of oil and gas, with the main sources being the energy sector (including oil and gas enterprises), agriculture, transport, and housing and communal services. issue Turkmenistan proposes mitigation through energy efficiency, sustainable use of natural gas and petroleum products, and alternative energy sources within industry, transport, and housing and communal services. Adaptation: Turkmenistan expects to face significant climate change challenges, including droughts, heat waves, strong hot and dry winds, dust storms, floods, and prolonged frosts. These climate change impacts are likely to impact agriculture, water management, forestry, ecosystem health, and public health, making these the country's priority sectors for adaptation. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)


Turkmenistan's NDC-SDG Connections

Turkmenistan is an arid country located in Central Asia, the country's landscape is defined by deserts, oases, and mountains zones. In Central Asia, Turkmenistan is considered one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change. The country is already experiencing rising temperatures and climate change is likely to cause water scarcity, desertification, and land degradation, while undermining food security.







International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement -

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs -
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal -
ClimateWatch Profile -
NDC Partnership Page -

SDG Voluntary National Review

2019 Voluntary National Review -

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview -
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub -

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections -

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability -

Emissions Data

Turkmenistan does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report -
The ClimateWatch profile may provide one more recent assessment of greenhouse gas emissions -

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date -

National Action Plans

National Strategy on Climate Change -

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme -
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan -

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation -


Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update -
OECD Climate Change -
OECD Investment for Green Growth -
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management -

Multilateral Funders

Turkmenistan receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility, and the Adaptation Fund, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index -
Environmental Performance Index -

Natural Disaster/Hazards

PreventionWeb -

Energy Supply and Demand

Renewable Energy Snapshot: Turkmenistan -
U.S. Energy Information Administration: Turkmenistan -

Land Use

Monitoring land use and land cover changes in Turkmensitan using remote sensing -
Turkmenistan: Issues and Approaches to Combat Desertification -
Desertification and population health in the Turkmenistan part of the Aral Sea region -

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Turkmenistan and FAO: Partnering for resilient livelihoods and adaptation to climate change -
Supporting climate resilient livelihoods in agricultural communities in drought-prone areas of Turkmenistan -

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Turkmenistan's Third National Communication -
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action -

Case Studies

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page -

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard -

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping -

Land Use Data

FAOStat -

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile -

<span class="isdb-tag">Energy Efficiency</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Sustainable Transport</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Community Organization and Action</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Biological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span>
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