All articles for the topic: Tunisia

Interactions between biodiversity, climate change and land use  Source UNEP (2021b)

Climate Change & Environment Nexus Brief: Biodiversity and Sustainable Development

This nexus brief explores key challenges and issues related to biodiversity and the intrinsic linkages between ecosystems and sustainable development. 

Read more
Addressing the land degradation-migration nexus thumbnail

Addressing the Land Degradation–Migration Nexus

A review of existing evidence, good practices, and policy recommendations on the complex interrelationships between migration and desertification, land degradation and drought.

Read more
wfp food uncertainty 2015 abeer etefa - climate adaptation.

Food in an uncertain future

This report sets out the risks to food security in the Middle East and North Africa from climate change, and how these vulnerabilities interact with other key trends and sources of risk.

Read more

CC&E Nexus Brief: Migration

This brief focuses on the climate change, environment and migration nexus and synthesizes the main findings on this subject to date, both in general and with a focus on North Africa.

Read more
Floods in Guelmim, Morocco in March 2013 (Credit: jbdodane;

The climate change, migration and economic development nexus in North Africa

This article addresses the climate change and migration nexus from the perspective of disaster risks and employment, and focuses on Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt.

Read more
Floods in Rbat, Souss-Massa-Draa, Morocco in 2010 (Credit: Mhobl;

Migration, development and climate change in North Africa

This paper looks at the current state of migration in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia, the risks, opportunities and strategies migration offers, and its nexus with development and climate change.

Read more
536ce69072869503e3ae214281african-coast 1 - climate adaptation.

Impacts of sea-level rise in Africa


Africa has a large and growing coastal population, including a number of important coastal cities. With sea-level rise, flooding and inundation of coastal areas would be expected...

Read more
533c08eb392d6ma-meknes2 - climate adaptation.

Adaptation to Climate Change in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

Photo © World Bank

Project description

This project assisted the World Bank in assessing the range of effective adaptation strategies in the MENA region. Research...

Read more
533c00ebd5371ma-meknes2 - climate adaptation.

Adaptation to Climate Change in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

Photo © World Bank

Project description

This project assisted the World Bank in assessing the range of effective adaptation strategies in the MENA region. Research...

Read more
Residents in Muara Baru, one of the fastest sinking areas in Jakarta, live below sea level, protected only by a concrete wall. Credit photo: Tim Shepherd on Unsplash

Comparative analysis of vulnerability assessments

Approaches to vulnerability assessment are compared in this analysis from application in Tunisia and Indonesia in a GIZ funded project.

Read more
505994d94d025enpi-cbc-med 0 - climate adaptation.


The multilateral cross-border cooperation "Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme" is part of the new European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and of its financing instrument (European Neighbourhood and Part

Read more
50364f30b7866tunisia-atlas - climate adaptation.

Drinking Water project in Tunisia

The Government of Tunisia and the African Development Bank (AfDB) have launched a national programme on drinking water access in rural Tunisia. The financing agreement of the programme for...

Read more
4e1c55eec7f3aINSTM 0 - climate adaptation.

Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer

INSTM is the National Institute of Marine Science and Technology (Tunisia).

Read more
50af80576ab7aadaptation - climate adaptation.

ACCCA Niger and Tunisia

The Sahara and Sahel Observatory (OSS) member states are located within the Sahalian zone in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid dry regions with primarily agrarian economies. Stresses within...

Read more

Mitigation: Tunisia has committed to reducing its carbon intensity (the relationship between total amount of greenhouse gas emissions and GDP) by 41% by 2030, when compared to 2010. Within the energy sector specifically, Tunisia aims to decrease its carbon intensity by 46%. 13% of Tunisia's overall proposed reduction is unconditional, while the remaining 28% is dependent on external financial and technical support. Tunisia intends to achieve these goals by increasing energy efficiency, increasing the renewable production of electricity, implementing mitigation efforts in the cement industry, increasing reforestation, encouraging climate smart agriculture, and facilitating waste-based energy and energy smart water treatment. Adaptation: Given Tunisia's vulnerability to climate change adaptation is an important priority, and Tunisia is adapting to climate change within the contexts of water resources, coastline, agriculture, ecosystems, tourism, and health. Water resource adaptation focuses on the effective reuse of water and supplying water to urban centers. Erosion prevention, coastline rehabilitation, and preventive infrastructure are important coastline adaptation efforts. Agriculture adaptation includes improvements in irrigation, mixed farming-livestock production, monitoring and early warning systems, and arable crop systems. Ecosystem adaptation can take the form of rehabilitation of ecological systems across Tunisia's diverse regions and climatic zones. Tourism adaptation involves encouraging eco-tourism, coastal adaptation and alternatives to coastal tourisms, improved water management within the tourism industry (including renewably powered seawater desalination). Finally health adaptation includes furthers study, improved monitoring of epidemics and vector-borne disease, and changes to the health system. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)


Tunisia's NDC-SDG Connections

Within the Mediterranean, Tunisia is considered one of the countries most exposed to climate change. Tunisia has a variable climate, the country includes coastline, substantial agricultural land, and desert. Within Tunisia, Climate change is likely to lead to increased temperatures, reduced precipitation, sea level rise, and more floods and droughts. This poses serious economic and social costs to agriculture, health, and water supply, among others. Tunisia's has been working to address climate change, and is particularly focused on the security of energy supply and stability in energy prices, given energy sector’s critical socio-economic role.





International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement -

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs -
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal -
ClimateWatch Profile -
NDC Partnership Page -

SDG Voluntary National Review

2019 Voluntary National Review -

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview -
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub -

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections -

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability -
Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC -

Emissions Data

Tunisia does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report -
The ClimateWatch profile may provide one more recent assessment of greenhouse gas emissions -

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action -
National Report in Preparation for the World Conference on Disaster Reduction -
Law concerning the control and prevention of disasters and the organizations of disaster relief -

National Coordination and Reporting

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme -
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan -

National Regulations/Policies

Constitution of the Republic of Tunisia -
National Sustainable Development Strategy -
Five-year Development Plan 2016–2020 for the Agricultural, Marine Fisheries and Natural Resources Sectors -
Plan d’action national sur les modes de production et de consommation durables en Tunisie 2016 (Plan d’action décennal agroalimentaire 2016-2025) -
Programme d’Investissement Forestier en Tunisie (Plan d’Investissement) -
Law Relating to the Generation of Renewable Energy -
Decree establishing the powers of the national Renewable Energy Agency -
Law and Decree on Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy -
Renewable Energy Law for Electricity Production (No.74/2013) -
Tunisian Solar Plan 2010-2016-
National Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programme 2008-2011 -
Law 2005-82 on Energy Efficiency Fund -
Loi nº 20 portant Code forestier -
Loi nº 2009-49 relative aux aires marines et côtières protégées -
Loi nº 95-72 portant création d'une agence de protection et d'aménagement du littoral -
Loi nº 75-16 portant promulgation du Code des eaux -
Loi n° 2007-34 sur la qualité de l’air -

National Platform

Tunisia does not have any national reporting platforms, but relevant sectoral data can be found here -

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation -


Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing wnergy sector improvements -
Financing efficiency improvements -
Financing agriculture and irrigation improvements -
Financing green cities -
Financing coastal adaptation to climate change vulnerability -
Financing disaster risk management in urban design and planning -

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update -
OECD Climate Change -
OECD Investment for Green Growth -
Climate Investment Funds -
African Development Bank Group -

Multilateral Funders

Tunisia receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Islamic Development Bank, the Green Climate Fund, and the Global Environment Facility, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index -
Climate Risk Profile: Tunisia -
Environmental Performance Index -

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery -
PreventionWeb -

Energy Supply and Demand

Key Energy Statistics -
Tunisia Renewable Energy Country Profile -

Land Use

Synthese des activités de preparation à la REDD+ en Tunisie -
Addressing forestland encroachment in Tunisia -
Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 -

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Tunisie: Quel avenir pour les coopératives agricoles? -
Climate change impacts on North African countries and on some Tunisian economic sectors -
Sustainable Management of Oasis Ecosystems in Tunisia -

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Tunisia's Third National Communication -
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action -

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries -

Climate and Development Network Country Page

Climate and Development Network Resources -

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page -

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard -

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping -

Land Use Data

FAOStat -

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile -

<span class="isdb-tag">Climate Smart Agriculture</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy Efficiency</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Desalination</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Climate Services</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Urban Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span>
Subscribe to RSS - Tunisia