All articles for the topic: Tajikistan

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Leave No Mountain Behind

Why, despite the essential role mountains play in enabling countries and regions adapt to climate change, reduce disaster risks and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, are mountain communities often left behind economically and politically? Learn more in this issue brief.

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Building climate resilience of vulnerable and food insecure communities through capacity strengthening and livelihood diversification in mountainous regions of Tajikistan

Initiated in 2008, this solution aims to increase climate resilience and improve the adaptive capacities of some of the most vulnerable and food-insecure mountain communities in the Rasht V

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Government of the Republic of Tajikistan

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Creating Opportunities in a Safe Environment: Fostering Self-Sustained and Resilient Communities (COSE II)

The “Creating Opportunities in a Safe Environment: Fostering Self-Sustained and Resilient Communities (COSE II)” solution was implemented at the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO) in

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The Winter Preparedness and Avalanche Readiness Programme, a comprehensive avalanche preparedness plan in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan

The Winter Preparedness and Avalanche Readiness Programme is a comprehensive avalanche preparedness plan put in place by the Aga Khan Agency for Habitat (AKAH) which includes monitoring, early warning and capacity building. It seeks to reduce avalanche risk in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan.

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Man with a hat by a stream

Ecosystem-based adaptation and integrated water resources management

This study explores how ecosystem-based adaptation and integrated water resources management can be merged to achieve greater climate resilience in watersheds.

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Climate change impacts on Central Asia high mountains

The Climate-Cryosphere-Water Nexus in Central Asia

This nexus brief explores the interactions between changes in the cryosphere due to climate change and the consequences for water resources and hazard management in Central Asia.

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Cover page of Energy Sector Climate Change Adaptation Guidance Note: child smiling drinking water from a hand water pump

Energy Sector Climate Change Adaptation

This guidance aims to help incorporate climate change considerations into project planning and design in the energy sector.

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sdc c asia caucasus

Managing disaster risks and water under climate change in Central Asia and Caucasus

This publication presents the conclusions emerging from a joint learning journey involving three thematic networks – Climate Change and Environment, Disaster Risk Reduction, and Water.

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Cover photo: Goods had to be transported by boat after the Atta Abad landslide flooded 25 km of the Karakoram Highway, Pakistan, in 2010 (D. Butz)

Safer lives and livelihoods in mountains

This publication highlights 15 cases of good practice in development and applied research from mountain regions, and illustrates how the Sendai Framework’s four priorities can be put into practice. 

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Biodiversity project site

Fauna & Flora International Climate Adaptation Planning Project

Fauna & Flora International’s Climate Adaptation Planning Project is conducting climate adaptation planning processes at six biodiversity project sites within agricultural landscapes.

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University of Central Asia

The University of Central Asia (UCA) was founded in 2000.

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Mitigation: The Republic of Tajikistan has committed unconditionally to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 80-90% of the 1990 level by 2030, between 1.7-2.2 tons in CO2 equivalent. The Republic of Tajikistan is a low greenhouse gas emitter, that is already implementing climate resilience programming related to renewable energy, public awareness of climate challenges, and sustainable agriculture and forestry management; therefore it will meet this target by continued progress in these areas partnered with systematic reforestation. Should the Republic of Tajikistan receive international financial and technical support it could conditionally commit to a 65-75% reduction from 1990 levels by 2030. This would be accomplished by modernization and the introduction of new technologies, with a specific focus on mitigation in the power industry, agriculture and forestry, water resource management, and transport, as well as diversification of renewable energy sources, increased energy efficiency, and natural disaster risk reduction. Adaptation: Adaptation, and resilience to climate change, are national priorities for the Republic of Tajikistan, however progress in these areas is dependent on external resources. Adaptation priorities include: developing green infrastructure related to transport, housing, power and industrial facilities, agriculture, and water supply; awareness and preparedness for hydrometeorological hazards; preserving glaciers and water resources and improved water management; ensuring food security; developing and sharing hydrometeorological knowledge; ecosystem and biodiversity preservation; and engaging civil society, particularly women, in climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)


Tajikistan's NDC-SDG Connections

The Republic of Tajikistan is a land locked country in central Asia, it is mountainous with diverse landscape features ranging from deserts to glaciers and permafrost. Economically Tajikistan continues to face development and poverty challenges, with agriculture and natural resource extraction (including coal, oil, gas, gold and other resources) dominating livelihoods. The Republic of Tajikistan is particularly vulnerable to climate change given its dependence on natural resources and its concentration of water resources. Climate change may threaten the country by worsening precipitation variation, glacial and permafrost degradation, forest fires, pest and disease outbreaks, and the occurrence of extreme weather events.




International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement -

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs -
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal -
ClimateWatch Profile -
NDC Partnership Page -

SDG Voluntary National Review

2017 Voluntary National Review -

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview -
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub -

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections -

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability -
Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC -

Emissions Data

The Republic of Tajikistan does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report -

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action -
National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction of the Republic of Tajikistan -
National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy for 2019-2030 -

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date -

National Action Plans

National Action Plan for Climate Change Mitigation -

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme -
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan -

National Regulations/Policies

Law No. 760 On environmental protection -
Governmental Order No. 189 on the Committee on Environmental Protection -
Water Code of the Republic of Tajikistan No. 34 of 2000 -
Law No. 681 On food security -
Law No. 672 On protection of plant varieties -
Law No. 356 On land use planning -
Law No. 761 Forest Code -
Law No. 1021 On fish farming, fisheries and protection of fish stocks -
Law No. 786 On protected areas -
Law N0. 354 On wildlife -
Law No. 587 on Promoting the Use of Renewable Energy -
Law No. 29 Energy Saving -
Special Program for Renewable Energy Sources Use in Tajikistan 2007-2015 -
Tajikistan Tax Incentives for Renewable Energy -
Government Order No.73 on the Long-Term Programme for Building Hydropower Plants for 2009-2020 -
Governmental Order No.41 on the Complex Programme for the Widespread Use of Renewable Energy Sources -
Law No. 228 on Protect ion of the Atmospheric Air -
Law No. 53 On protection of the population and territory against natural and technological disaster -

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation -


Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing rural electrification -
Financing socio-economic resilience -
Financing rural water supply and sanitation -
Financing improvements in water resource management -
Financing disaster resilience -
Financing livestock and pasture development -
Financing resilience to food insecurity and facilitating livelihood diversification -
Financing land management and rural livelihoods -
Financing climate adaptation and mitigation in the Aral Sea Basin -
Financing hydropower expansion and resilience -
Financing environmental learning and stakeholder participation in environmental programming facilitating poverty reduction -
Financing sustainable transport -
Financing hydrometeorology capacity -

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update -
OECD Climate Change -
OECD Investment for Green Growth -
Climate Investment Funds -
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management -

Multilateral Funders

The Republic of Tajikistan receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Green Climate Fund, the Islamic Development Bank, the Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme, and the Global Environment Facility, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index -
Environmental Performance Index -

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery -
PreventionWeb -

Energy Supply and Demand

Key Energy Statistics -
Promoting renewables in the energy sector of Tajikistan -
International Hydropower Association: Tajikistan -

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile -
Impact of Agriculture Land Use in Central Asia: a review -

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

The Economic Effects of Land Reform in Tajikistan -
The Economics of Land Degradation for the Agriculture Sector in Tajikistan: A Scoping Study -
Sustainable Management for Natural Resources Helps Tajik Communities Adapt to Climate Change -

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in the Republic of Tajikistan's Third National Communication -
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action -

Case Studies

Climate and Development Network Country Page

Climate and Development Network Resources -

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page -

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard -

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping -

Land Use Data

FAOStat -

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile -

<span class="isdb-tag">Biodiversity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Climate Smart Agriculture</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy Efficiency</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydropower</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Climate Services</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Rural Development</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Community Organization and Action</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Education and Public Awareness</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Gender/Gender Equality</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Sustainable Transport </span>

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