All articles for the topic: Somalia

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Climate variability and impact in ASSAR’s East African region

This new paper from ASSAR's east Africa team looks at impact climate-related risks, impacts and vulnerability across the semi-arid regions of East Africa.

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When people move

Podcast by UK Climate Change and Migration Coalition: When people move. Understanding how climate change creates the movement of people

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Horn of Africa Regional Environmental Center and Network

The Horn of Africa Regional Environment Centre & Network (HoA-REC&N) is an autonomous institution under Addis Ababa University that focuses on environmental concerns and sustainable develop

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cordio

Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO) - East Africa

Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO) was initiated in 1999 as a response to the El-Niño related mass bleaching and mortality of corals in the Indian Ocean in 1998.

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Droughts

Sand dam rainwater harvesting

Activities

This project aims to enable communities in the Central South, North East, and North West zones of Somalia to adapt to...

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Mitigation: Within their Nationally Determined Contributions, Somalia prioritizes mitigation activities related to sustainable land management, enhanced agricultural productivity to address food insecurity, integrated water management, renewable energy generation, management of the charcoal industry and charcoal export, and reforestation.

Adaptation: Somalia's planned adaptation activities include increasing resilience to natural disasters, resilient land management practices, securing access to water resources, and enhanced marine and coastal management.

International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Not Party)

Summary

Somalia is an arid and semiarid country located in the Horn of Africa. Somalia struggles with significant socioeconomic development challenges, high rates of poverty, and issues with conflict and insecurity. Somalia's economy is largely dependent on natural resources, particularly agriculture, forestry, fishing, and charcoal production. Unfortunately, the exploitation of these resources has led to deforestation, desertification, soil erosion, and falling fish sticks, limiting economic development. These challenges with natural resources are likely to be exacerbated by climate change, and its disruption of precipitation patterns, threatening to undermine development and livelihoods in Somalia and spark further conflict. Somalia is also at risk of natural disasters, particularly along its long coastline, which is vulnerable within the context of climate change.

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=SOM

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/SO.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/somalia
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/SOM
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=SOM

SDG Voluntary National Review

Somalia has not yet completed a Voluntary National Review, but should a review be completed it will be available here - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/somalia

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/somalia
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/SOM

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

Somalia does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/THE%20INITIAL%20NATIONAL...

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

National Report in Preparation for the World Conference on Disaster Reduction - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=937&cid=159
Somalia Natural Disaster Profile - https://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/chrr/research/profiles/pdfs/somalia_profil...

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Action Plans

National Adaptation Programme of Action on Climate Change - https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/napa/som01.pdf

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme - https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/naps/2018-06/NAP%20Full%...
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/so/so-nbsap-01-en.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

National Development Plan 2017-2019 - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC169866
Strategic Plan of the Ministry of National Resources - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC149704
Somaliland Food and Water Security Strategy - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC179644
National Water Act - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC152457
Fisheries Law of the Federal Republic of Somalia - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC171668
Law on the establishment of the National Parks Agency - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC042049
Law on Fauna (Hunting) and Forest Conservation - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC018381
National Livestock Policy - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC152356

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/somalia

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing drought planning and recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/somalia-drought-pdna-and-recovery-framework-201...
Financing the mainstreaming of global environmental obligations - https://www.thegef.org/project/strengthening-national-capacities-improve...
Financing climate change adaptation for rural livelihoods - https://www.thegef.org/project/rural-livelihoods-adaptation-climate-chan...
Financing water resource management, preserving water access, and disaster reduction - https://www.thegef.org/project/support-integrated-water-resources-manage...
Financing enhanced climate resilience - https://www.thegef.org/project/enhancing-climate-resilience-vulnerable-c...
Financing engagement with international climate negotiations and reporting - https://www.thegef.org/project/support-somalia-development-its-first-nbs...

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
African Development Bank Group - https://www.afdb.org/en/topics-and-sectors/sectors/climate-change

Multilateral Funders

Somalia receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Islamic Development Bank, the Least Developed Countries Fund, and the Global Environment Facility, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/somalia
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/africa/som

Energy Supply and Demand

Africa Energy Outlook - https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/WEO2014_Af...

Land Use

Somalia Water and Land Information Management - http://www.faoswalim.org/node-30-page
Temporal Assessment on Land Use Land Cover of Somalia after the Effects of Civil Ware using Remote Sensing - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/304710408_Temporal_assessment_o...
How Somalia’s charcoal trade is fueling the Acacia’s demise - https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/how-somalias-charco...

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Drought, displacement and livelihoods in Somalia/Somaliland - https://www.oxfam.org/en/research/drought-displacement-and-livelihoods-s...
Building livelihood and community resilience: Lessons for Somalia and Zimbawe - https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/resource-documents/12585.pdf
FAO: Livelihood Maps - http://fsnau.org/products/maps/livelihood-maps
The Role of Climate Change and La Niña in the Ongoing Somalia Drought: A Rapid Analysis - https://cdkn.org/resource/role-of-climate-change-la-nina-ongoing-somalia...

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Somalia's First National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/THE%20INITIAL%20NATIONAL...
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=25784&cid=159

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries - https://www.weadapt.org/case-studies?keyword=somalia

Climate and Development Network Country Page

Climate and Development Network Resources - https://cdkn.org/regions/somalia

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/somalia

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/226-somalia

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=SOM

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://www.wmo.int/cpdb/somalia

<span class="isdb-tag">Climate Smart Agriculture</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Deforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Desertification</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Bioenergy</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Climate Services</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Geophysical Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector </span>

Country tags

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