All articles for the topic: Pakistan

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Government of Pakistan

The government of Pakistan is a federal government established by the Constitution of Pakistan as a constituted governing authority of the four provinces, two autonomous territories, and one federa

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Aga Khan Foundation

Established in 1967, the Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) brings together human, financial and technical resources to address the challenges faced by the poorest and most marginalised communities in the w

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Climate Change, Alternative Energy, and Water Resources Institute of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council

CEWRI was established in 1991-92 as a result of re-organization of the water related research programmes being executed at the National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Islamabad.

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Reducing Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacier Lake Outburst Floods in Northern Pakistan

To address the increased Glacial Lake Outburst Flood risk posed by climate change, this project developed the human and technical capacity of public institutions  to understand and address immediate GLOF risks for vulnerable communities in Northern Pakistan.

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Aga Khan Agency for Habitat

The Aga Khan Agency for Habitat’s (AKAH) goal is that people live in safe, sustainable, and resilient habitats with the opportunity to thrive, whether in a remote mountain village, a town, or a den

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Crop For Life

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Climate action in the Hindu Kush Himalaya

This event provided a platform for stakeholders from the Hindu Kush Himalaya to discuss how regional collaboration can deliver ambitious climate action in the region.

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Asia Pacific Children and Youth Voices on Climate Crisis and Disaster Risk Reduction

The article presents findings from consultations with children and youth in 13 countries in Asia and the Pacific. It highlights their knowledge, experience and contribution to disaster resilience and climate action.

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CBA14 Marketplace: Adapting for Climate Justice

This publication presents two case-studies of community-based and locally led adaptation, support by Islamic Relief. The publication more generally addresses climate justice and adaptation in the context of Islamic Relief projects.

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The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment

This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. 

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Transport Sector Climate Change Adaptation

This guidance aims to help incorporate climate change considerations into project planning and design in the transport sector.

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Case studies which show interlinkages between gender and climate change

Persistent Gender and Social Exclusion in Development

This article describes why policies supporting climate change adaptation in mountains must consider gender and how it interacts with other factors such as class/caste, ethnicity and geography.

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People Empowering and Development Alternatives

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Foundation for Rural Development

Foundation for Rural Development (FRD) is a nonprofit, non-political, non-governmental organization.

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Engaging the private sector in financing adaptation to climate change

The ACT learning brief presents a framework of five approaches that policymakers, practitioners and donors can use to motivate the private sector to invest in climate change adaptation.

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Foundation for Research and Socio-ecological Harmony

""FRESH" is a non-for-profit company whose mission is to maintain and promote socio-ecological harmony through research based action(s), enabling communities for sustainable peaceful interaction wi

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University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore

The University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, is a public research university located in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.

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Learning Journey: Climate Resilient Agriculture

This article summarises a learning journey that engaged participants from diverse topical backgrounds in a series of discussions and (recorded) webinars on climate resilient agriculture.

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Supporting private adaptation in semi-arid lands

This PRISE policy brief argues that to unlock the potential of businesses to drive climate-resilient development, support for private adaptation in semi arid lands needs to be rapidly upscaled.

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Climate-Resilient Agriculture in South Asia: An analytical framework and insights from practice

The paper explores entry-points for and examples of climate resilient agriculture (CRA) in South Asia, and the current challenges and knowledge gaps affecting it's implementation.

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Climate-Resilient Water Management: An operational framework from South Asia

The paper presents a conceptual framework for Climate-Resilient Water Management (CRWM) and provides examples of CRWM interventions developed and deployed by the ACT programme across SE Asia.

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Mainstreaming adaptation to climate change within governance systems in South Asia

The paper introduces a general analytical framework for mainstreaming adaptation to climate change within governance systems.

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Learning from seven years of climate compatible development in Asia

A report by CDKN explores the value of stimulating climate compatible development at multiple levels of governance - drawing on seven years of work by in India, Indonesia, Nepal and Pakistan.

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Integrating international climate change commitments into national development planning

This report examines how to support the successful integration of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) into national development planning.

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Mitigation: As Pakistan pursues economic growth, the country describes itself as well poised to capitalize on mitigation potential, but dependent on external financial and technical contributions to realize that potential. In terms of energy production and demand, high priority mitigation options include increasing technical efficiency within the energy system and investing in renewable energy generation. Within the agriculture sector, high-priority mitigation projects include improving irrigation and water management, managing methane release from rice production, and implementing agroforestry practices. Adaptation: Pakistan's adaptation priority is mainstreaming climate change socially and economically across sectors and the population. Achieving this goal will involve improving irrigation systems, refined water management, strengthening risk management for the agricultural sector, implementing climate smart agriculture, building climate-resilient infrastructure, and improved extreme climate event response mechanisms. These adaptation actions will require external financial and technical support in building Pakistan's physical, institutional, and human capacity. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary


Pakistan's NDC-SDG Connections

Pakistan is geographically and climactically diverse, ranging from coastal to glacial areas, meaning Pakistan faces diverse climate challenges including flooding, glacial melt, cyclones, drought, heatwaves, and earthquakes. Pakistan is also considered to be highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. Pakistan's socio-economic context, as an agricultural economy with population clustering around the Indus river and issues with deforestation and its forestry sector, further exposes it to climate change impacts, which in turn impact Pakistan's ability to pursue economic growth that matches the rate of population growth and can address issues with basic service provision in the country.

 

 

 

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=PAK

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs -http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/pk.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal -https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/pakistan
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/PAK
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=PAK

SDG Voluntary National Review

2019 Voluntary National Review - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/pakistan

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/pakistan
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/PAK

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

Pakistan does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but recent emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/183625_Pakistan-NC2-1-Pakistan%20-%20Second%20National%20Communication%20on%20Climate%20Change%202018.pdf

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review Report - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=54279&cid=129
National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=42312&cid=129
National Disaster Response Plan - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=64884&cid=129

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

Pakistan NAMA Design Case Study - https://cdkn.org/resource/inside-story-renewable-energy-solutions-punjabs-industrial-sector-evaluating-nama-approach-sialkot-city-pakistan/?loclang=en_gb
Energy Efficient Lighting in Residential, Commercial, Industrial, and Outdoor Sectors of Pakistan - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeekingSupportForPreparation.aspx?ID=53&viewOnly=1
Supporting Mechanisms for Promoting Distributed Generation (Net Metering, Wheeling, Banking etc.) in Pakistan to put 3 GW Alternative and Renewable Energy (ARE) Projects in next 7 years - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeekingSupportForPreparation.aspx?ID=72&viewOnly=1
Strategizing for Grid Strengthening/Improvement for evacuation of power from Solar Power Projects - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeekingSupportForPreparation.aspx?ID=73&viewOnly=1
Strategizing for Grid Strengthening/Improvement for evacuation of power from Solar Power Projects - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeekingSupportForPreparation.aspx?ID=73&viewOnly=1
Accelerating the Market Transformation to Energy Efficient Lighting - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeekingSupportForPreparation.aspx?ID=74&viewOnly=1
Development and Installation of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Technologies in Pakistan - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeekingSupportForPreparation.aspx?ID=75&viewOnly=1
Harnessing Municipal Waste of big Cities of Pakistan to Generate Electricity - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeekingSupportForPreparation.aspx?ID=76&viewOnly=1
Bio-energy generation and greenhouse-gases mitigation though organic-waste utilization - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeekingSupportForPreparation.aspx?ID=81&viewOnly=1
Strategizing for Grid Strengthening/Improvement for evacuation of power from Wind Power Projects - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeekingSupportForPreparation.aspx?ID=77&viewOnly=1
For recently added action check here - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryId=131

National Action Plans

National Climate Change Policy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-climate-change-policy-2/
Climate Change Act - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/pakistan-climate-change-act-2016/
Pakistan is currently developing a National Adaptation Plan.

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme - https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/naps/pakistan-eng2002.pdf
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/pk/pk-nbsap-v2-en.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

Pakistan 2025: One Nation, One Vision - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/pakistan-2025-one-nation-one-vision/
National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS): Pakistan’s pathway to a sustainable and resilient future - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-sustainable-development-strategy-nsds-pakistans-pathway-to-a-sustainable-and-resilient-future/
National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act 2016 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-energy-efficiency-and-conservation-act-2016/
Global Change Impact Studies Centre Act - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/global-change-impact-studies-centre-act-2013/
Alternative Energy Development Board Act - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/alternative-energy-development-board-act/
The Pakistan Council of Renewable Technologies Act - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/the-pakistan-council-of-renewable-technologies-act/
Policy Recommendations for Use of Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/pakistan/name-38078-en.php
Alternative and Renewable Energy Policy, 2011 - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/pakistan/name-38076-en.php
Alternative and Renewable Energy Policy, 2006 - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/pakistan/name-38075-en.php
National Power Policy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-power-policy/
National Forest Policy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-forest-policy/

National Platform

UN-REDD Pakistan Country Profile - https://unredd.net/regions-and-countries/asia-pacific/pakistan.html

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/pakistan/

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing to support sustainable forest management - https://www.thegef.org/project/sustainable-forest-management-secure-multiple-benefits-high-conservation-value-forests
Financing to build institutional capacity to integrate national planning with international commitments and strategies - https://www.thegef.org/project/nap-alignment-and-strengthening-national-reporting-processes
Financing to facilitate sustainable industrial energy use - https://www.thegef.org/project/sustainable-energy-initiative-industries
Financing adaptation of agriculture and rural livelihoods to climate change - https://www.thegef.org/project/rural-livelihoods-climate-change-adaptation-support-programme
Financing building resilience to natural hazard and extreme climate events - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/building-resilience-landslide-and-geohazard-risk-south-asia-region

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management - https://www.adb.org/themes/climate-change-disaster-risk-management/main

Multilateral Funders

Pakistan receives climate funding from the Forest Carbon Facility, the Global Environment Facility, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, and the Green Climate Fund, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Pakistan's National Economic and Environmental Development Study (NEEDS) - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/pakistanneeds.pdf
Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/pakistan
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/asia/pak/

Energy Supply and Demand

Renewables Readiness Assessment - https://www.irena.org/publications/2018/Apr/Renewables-Readiness-Assessment-Pakistan
Key Energy Statistics - https://www.iea.org/countries/Pakistan/

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile - http://www.fao.org/countryprofiles/index/en/?iso3=PAK
Application of land-use/land cover changes in monitoring and projecting forest biomass carbon loss in Pakistan - https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2351989418304098

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Climate and Development Outlook Pakistan Special Edition - https://cdkn.org/resource/pakistan-outlook/?loclang=en_gb
What Defines Livelihood Vulnerability in Rural Semi-Arid Areas? Evidence from Pakistan - https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s41748-018-0059-5

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Pakistan's Second National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/183625_Pakistan-NC2-1-Pakistan%20-%20Second%20National%20Communication%20on%20Climate%20Change%202018.pdf

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries - https://www.weadapt.org/case-studies?keyword=Pakistan

Climate and Development Network Country Page

Climate and Development Network Resources - https://cdkn.org/regions/pakistan-asia/?loclang=en_gb

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/pakistan

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/188-pakistan

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping -http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=PAK

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://cpdb.wmo.int/pakistan

<span class="isdb-tag">Hydropower</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Nuclear Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Education and Public Awareness</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Geophysical Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation </span>

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