All articles for the topic: Morocco

Addressing the land degradation-migration nexus thumbnail

Addressing the Land Degradation–Migration Nexus

A review of existing evidence, good practices, and policy recommendations on the complex interrelationships between migration and desertification, land degradation and drought.

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tree planting on hillside Moroccan village

Tifnout’s Valley-wide Approach to Community-Based Adaptation

The Tifnout Valley's unique approach to climate change adaptation scales up the successes of individual projects through the coordinated efforts of local associations across an entire landscape.

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eba valuation

Valuing the Benefits, Costs and Impacts of EbA Measures

This sourcebook assists in building awareness, knowledge and capacity about why, how and in which contexts EbA valuation can be used to inform, guide and influence adaptation decision-making.

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Logo of the Competence Centre '4 C Moroc'

Competence Centre for Climate Change in Morocco (4C Maroc)

A climate competence centre has been set up in Morocco to establish a CC mitigation and adaptation structure (4C Maroc) to aid the implementation and development of its national climate policy.

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The protection of wild mammals pose many problems in MENA countries

Protecting Genetic Resources in Morocco

The Moroccan Government is supported by GIZ to assist state institutions in introducing methods and instruments for environmental protection and sustainable / efficient use of ecosystem services.

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wfp food uncertainty 2015 abeer etefa - climate adaptation.

Food in an uncertain future

This report sets out the risks to food security in the Middle East and North Africa from climate change, and how these vulnerabilities interact with other key trends and sources of risk.

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CC&E Nexus Brief: Migration

This brief focuses on the climate change, environment and migration nexus and synthesizes the main findings on this subject to date, both in general and with a focus on North Africa.

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Floods in Guelmim, Morocco in March 2013 (Credit: jbdodane;

The climate change, migration and economic development nexus in North Africa

This article addresses the climate change and migration nexus from the perspective of disaster risks and employment, and focuses on Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt.

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Floods in Rbat, Souss-Massa-Draa, Morocco in 2010 (Credit: Mhobl;

Migration, development and climate change in North Africa

This paper looks at the current state of migration in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia, the risks, opportunities and strategies migration offers, and its nexus with development and climate change.

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Moroccan Association of Agricultural Economics

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Impacts of sea-level rise in Africa


Africa has a large and growing coastal population, including a number of important coastal cities. With sea-level rise, flooding and inundation of coastal areas would be expected...

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536cec7040cc6atlantic-morocco - climate adaptation.

Impacts of sea-level rise in Africa

Atlantic coast in Morocco. Image: ©

Impact of sea level rise in Morocco

Morocco’s 3,500km coast crosses temperate, semi-arid and desert climatic zones...

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Adaptation to Climate Change in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

Photo © World Bank

Project description

This project assisted the World Bank in assessing the range of effective adaptation strategies in the MENA region. Research...

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533c08eb392d6ma-meknes2 - climate adaptation.

Adaptation to Climate Change in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

Photo © World Bank

Project description

This project assisted the World Bank in assessing the range of effective adaptation strategies in the MENA region. Research...

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Local Development Solutions for Resilient Communities

The Community-Based Adaptation project in Morocco “Land and Water protection, conservation farming and climate risk management to increase the resilience of the El Mouddaa High Altitude mountain ecosystem and reinforcement of the adaptive capacities of the local community, in the face of increasingly erratic and violent rainstorms and more and more frequent droughts” has been chosen as one of the winners of the 2012 Equator Prize (UNDP).

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503650428a3b3agadir - climate adaptation.

Integrated Coastal Management and Adaptation

The World Bank has approved a US$5.2 million pilot project to apply integrated coastal zone management in the coasts of Morocco through a Global Environment Facility (GEF) grant. The...

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4f7c6768b4c9fmorocco-earth-day-rabat - climate adaptation.

Mainstreaming CBA in national programs


Morocco is very vulnerable to Climate Change. Infact, its major socio economical sectors and main ecosystems are extremely sensitive to...

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Abdelmalek Essaadi University - Faculty of Science and Technology Tangier

Abdelmalek Essaadi University is one of the fourteen universities in Morocco. It is composed of seven Faculties and four Schools, spreaded over four sites: Tangier, Tetuan, Martil and Larache.

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Climate Change Vulnerabilities within Livestock in Morocco


This case study report attempts to spotlight the potential climate change consequences on North Africa’s livestock sector and possible adaptation measures. It presents a...

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Mitigation: By 2030, Morocco has committed to an unconditional 17% reduction in greenhouse gas emission, from a business as usual scenario, and pledged a 42% reduction should it receive substantial support from the international community. These reductions will be achieved by working across all sectors, with a particular focus on the energy sector. Mitigation efforts in the energy sector focus on greater energy production from renewable sources, reduction in energy consumption by buildings, sustainable transport, and industrial energy use. Other strategies include formalizing, improving, and expanding waste and wastewater management, growing sustainable agriculture and forestry, and improving urban public transport. Adaptation: Morocco identifies seven vulnerable sectors to climate change (water, agriculture, fisheries, coastline, forestry, health, and tourism), and focuses its adaptation efforts on four sectors: agriculture, water, forests, and fisheries and aquaculture. Within agriculture, adaptation objectives include improvements in irrigation, building hydro-agricultural infrastructure, and providing risk insurance against the impacts of climate variation on certain crops. Water adaptation focuses on replenishing groundwater tables, improving water treatment, desalination, and constructing dams. Forest adaptation incudes replenishing forests, afforestation, and preventing erosion. Finally, for fisheries and aquaculture, adaptation objectives focus on further study of coastal systems, the creation of marine protected areas, and managing the quality and quantity of products taken from the sea. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)


Morocco's NDC-SDG Connections

Morocco is a Northern African country along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco is currently experiencing population growth, industrial expansion, and agricultural expansion. Its national socio-economic development is increasingly putting pressure on natural resources, from Morocco's coastline to its water resources. This pressure is greatly exacerbated by climate change, resulting in water scarcity, coastal erosion, flooding, and desertification, making mitigating and adapting to climate change a national priority. Morocco is often recognized for making a significant contribution towards global mitigation.




International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement -

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs -
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal -
Climate Action Tracker -
ClimateWatch Profile -
NDC Partnership Page -

SDG Voluntary National Review

2016 Voluntary National Review -

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview -
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub -

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections -

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability -
Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC -

Emissions Data

Morocco does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but recent emissions reporting can be found within this report -

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action -

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date -

National Action Plans

National Plan Against Global Warming -

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme -
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan -

National Regulations/Policies

National Strategy of Sustainable Development 2020 and 2030 -
Energy Security Plan and National Energy Strategy Vision 2030 -
Law 57-09 Creating the Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy -
Law No. 36-15 on Water -
Law No. 48-51 on the Regulation of the Electricity Sector and the Creation of the National Electricity Regulatory Authority -
Framework Law 99-12 on the National Charter for the Environment and Sustainable Development -
Dahir No. 1-03-59 Promulgating Law No. 11-03 on the Protection and Enhancement of the Environment -
Law 47-09 on Energy Efficiency -
Law of Self-Generation -
Law 13-09 on Renewable Energy, Regulated by Decree 2-10-578 -
Law No. 16-09 and 39-16 on the Agency for Development of Renewable Energy and energy Efficiency (ADEREE) -

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation -


Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing for improved and integrated coastal management to facilitate adaptation -
Financing adapting coastal infrastructure -
Financing improvements in the water supply -
Financing adapting water supply systems to climate change impacts -
Financing climate change resilience in cities -
Financing resilience within vulnerable communities in cities -
Financing clean and efficient energy production -
Financing the expansion of low-carbon public transport -
Financing sustainable agriculture and reducing deforestation -

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update -
OECD Climate Change -
OECD Investment for Green Growth -
Climate Investment Funds -
African Development Bank Group -

Multilateral Funders

Morocco receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Islamic Development Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Global Environment Facility, and Climate Investment Funds, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index -
Environmental Performance Index -

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery -
PreventionWeb -

Energy Supply and Demand

Lessons from Power Sector Reforms: The Case of Morocco -
Beyond Electricity: How Morocco's Solar Plant is Benefiting Communities and Women and Shaping the Region's Future -
Key Energy Statistics -

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile -
Regional Assessment of Landscape and Land Use Change in the Mediterranean Region: Morocco Case Study -

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Environmental Fiscal Reform in Morocco: Options and Pathways -
Climate Variability, Drought, and Drought Management in Morocco's Agricultural Sector -

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Morocco's Third National Communication -
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action -

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries -

Climate and Development Network Country Page

Climate and Development Network Resources -

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page -

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard -

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping -

Land Use Data

FAOStat -

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile -

<span class="isdb-tag">Water Desalination</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Desertification</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span>

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