All articles for the topic: Maldives

Maldives, a small island developing state.

Mental health and climate change in small island developing states

This paper reviews research about mental health and wellbeing under climate change in small island developing states (SIDS).

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Children playing on mangrove stump in Tibar Bay, Timor Leste. Photo by USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific

USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific

The USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific program shared information and best practices about climate fund requirements and helped governments build capacity to access climate change adaptation finance.

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USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific Project Preparation Approach Paper

Project Preparation Approach Paper

This initial approach paper of the USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific project highlights the variety of projects and readiness in each target country in Asia. 

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Photo of a wreckage of a boat is seen stuck in solidified salts and sands at Lake Oroumieh. Credit: Ebrahim Noroozi / AP Photo. Source:

Addressing the risk of maladaptation to climate change

This paper reviews the current theoretical scholarship on maladaptation and provides some specific case studies—in the Maldives, Ethiopia, South Africa, and Bangladesh—to advance the field.

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impact2c - climate adaptation.

The IMPACT2C web-atlas

The IMPACT2C web-atlas summarises in maps and texts the impact of global 2°C warming on Climate, Tourism, Energy, Health, Water, Coasts, Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystems.

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53849ee1b7731screen-shot-2014-05-27-at-15 - climate adaptation.

National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS)

National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS) for Climate Change Project

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507c0e22252fcimages - climate adaptation.

Sea-level rise in the Republic of Maldives

Impact problem

Small, low-lying islands have been seen as highly vulnerable to sea-level rise, particularly as many islands and remote and/or low-lying. The impacts of climate change on...

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Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO) - East Africa

Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO) was initiated in 1999 as a response to the El-Niño related mass bleaching and mortality of corals in the Indian Ocean in 1998.

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51af543db5067maldives-low-lying - climate adaptation.


IMPACT2C enhances knowledge, quantifies climate change impacts, with climate and impacts modelling, vulnerabilities, risks and economic costs, responses, within a pan-European sector based analysis.

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Mitigation: The Maldives has unconditionally committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 10% from their business as usual scenario by 2030. Conditionally, with external technical and financial support, this reduction could be increased up to 24%. Mitigation activities will focus on energy (generation and efficiency), transportation, and waste management. Adaptation: Given its vulnerability to climate change adaptation is a national priority for the Maldives. The Maldives adaptation priorities include: food security (through insurance, food storage, alternative technologies, and market mechanisms), infrastructure resilience (through improvements to existing infrastructure and integrating climate change planning into future infrastructure projects), public health (through further diseases vector monitoring and planning), enhanced water security (through desalination and improved management), coastal protection (through further investment and specific activities like land elevation and reclamation), safeguarding coral reefs and associated biodiversity (through improved management and reduced pollution), tourism (through insurance and tourism taxes), fisheries (through diversification, insurance, and encouraging the use of new techniques), and early warning and systematic observation (through strengthening the meteorological network, improving forecasting, and developing management techniques). Financing, governance, and capacity building, are critical needs and challenges across all these adaptation objectives. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Not Party)


The Maldives NDC-SDG Connections

The Maldives is a low-lying archipelago in the Indian Ocean that is profoundly and existentially threatened by climate change. Sea level rise, flooding, and coastal erosion, caused by climate change, threaten to submerge much of the Maldives' national territory. Economically the Maldives is dependent on tourism and fisheries, both of these industries are dependent on the sea and located near the coastline. This poses a significant challenge to the Maldives as the coastline hosts significant national infrastructure and is under threat from climate change. The Maldives’ vulnerability to climate change is further exacerbated by its physical isolation and limited technical and socio-economic capacity. The Maldives is also very dependent on importing fossil fuels for energy, which poses a national risk.




International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement -

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs -
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal -
ClimateWatch Profile -
NDC Partnership Page -

SDG Voluntary National Review

2017 Voluntary National Review -

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview -
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub -

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections -

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability -

Emissions Data

The Maldives does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report -

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review Report -
National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action -
Disaster Management Act -
Strategic National Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation 2010-2020 -

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date -

National Action Plans

Climate Change Policy Framework -
National Adaptation Plan for Action -

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan -

National Regulations/Policies

Maldives National Strategy for Sustainable Development -
Environmental Protection and Preservation Act of the Maldives -
Environmental Levy (Budget Amendment) Act 2017 (No. 36 of 2017) -
Maldivian Land Act (No.1 of 2002) -
Regulation on the Protection and Conservation of Environment in the Tourism Industry -
The Green Tax -
Maldives National Energy Policy and Strategy -
Maldives Clean Environment Project Environmental and Social Assessment and Management Framework and Resettlement Policy Framework -
General Fisheries Regulations -
Fisheries Law of the Maldives -
National Water and Sewerage Policy -

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation -


Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update -
OECD Climate Change -
OECD Investment for Green Growth -
Climate Investment Funds -
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management -

Multilateral Funders

The Maldives receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Green Climate Fund, the Adaptation Fund, the Global Climate Change Alliance, the Scaling up Renewable Energy Program, the Least Developed Countries Fund, the Islamic Development Bank, and the Global Environment Facility, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index -
Environmental Performance Index -

Natural Disaster/Hazards

PreventionWeb -

Land Use

Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 -
Maldives Forestry Outlook Study -
Maldives Land Use Map -

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Country gender assessment of agriculture and the rural sector in Maldives -
Sustainable Management of the Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem (BOBLME) Programme -
Resources and livelihoods of the Maldives islanders Introduction: Islands of Maldives -

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in the Maldives' Second National Communication -
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action -

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries -

Climate and Development Network Country Page

Climate and Development Network Resources -

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page -

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard -

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping -

Land Use Data

FAOStat -

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile -

<span class="isdb-tag">Biodiversity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Desalination</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Saline Intrusion</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Services Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Sustainable Transport</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Biological Hazards </span>

Country tags

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