All articles for the topic: Libya

wfp food uncertainty 2015 abeer etefa - climate adaptation.

Food in an uncertain future

This report sets out the risks to food security in the Middle East and North Africa from climate change, and how these vulnerabilities interact with other key trends and sources of risk.

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536ce69072869503e3ae214281african-coast 1 - climate adaptation.

Impacts of sea-level rise in Africa


Africa has a large and growing coastal population, including a number of important coastal cities. With sea-level rise, flooding and inundation of coastal areas would be expected...

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Libya has not yet submitted Nationally Determined Contributions or Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, per the Paris Agreement. Nor has Libya submitted any major communications or reports for international environmental processes in recent years. Libya's lack of engagement with international climate agreements and processes is considered a vulnerability in its ability to address climate change. Libya is geographically vulnerable to climate change, and contextual factors limit its resilience to extreme climate event. While the Libyan Government has not expressed a clear climate change strategy, defining and pursuing mitigation and adaptation goals will be critical to future prosperity. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Signed), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)


Libya is particularly vulnerable to climate change, as a result of its geographic, economic, and political context. Economically, the Libyan economy is one of the least-diversified, most oil dependent, economies, meaning it is at risk of possible negative impacts from global mitigation efforts. Libya's economic development is also hindered by issues like drought, conflict, and challenges with migration, all of which climate change may exacerbate. Libya is experiencing land degradation and desertification and already has very limited fresh water and arable land. Given prioritized concerns with stabilization, governance, and acute water and food insecurity climate related issues are generally under research and funded in the Libyan context.




International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Libya has not yet submitted Nationally Determined Contributions

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

Libya has not yet submitted Nationally Determined Contributions.
The World Bank's Climate Knowledge Portal -
ClimateWatch Profile -

SDG Voluntary National Review

Libya has not yet completed a Voluntary National Review, but a review is expected to be completed in 2020 and will become available here -

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

National SDG Platform -
World Bank Overview -
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub -

Emissions Data

Libya does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but a fact sheet on 2013 greenhouse gas emissions can be found here -

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action in the Arab Region: Regional Synthesis Report 2005–2015 -

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date -

National Action Plans

Libya Renewable Energy Strategic Plan 2013-2025 -,

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Libya has not submitted national plans/strategies for all of the international mechanism it participates with, to provide some context on this topic UNDP featured publications on Environment and Energy can be found here

National Regulations/Policies

Law No. 426 establishing the Renewable Energy Authority of Libya (REAOL) -

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation -


Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing to increase the Libyan governments readiness to engage with international climate funding sources and agreements -
Stabilization, transition, and humanitarian funding are the most common focus of financing to Libya -

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update -
OECD Climate Change -
OECD Investment for Green Growth -
Climate Investment Funds -

Multilateral Funders

Libya receives climate funding from the Green Climate Fund, among others. Additionally, outside of climate funding, the World Bank and Islamic Development Bank play significant donor roles.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index -
Arab Climate Resilience Initiative -
Environmental Performance Index -

Natural Disaster/Hazards

PreventionWeb -

Energy Supply and Demand

The benefits of the transition from fossil fuel to solar energy in Libya: a case study -
Key Energy Statistics -

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile -

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

World Food Programme Interim Country Strategic Plan highlighting Livelihood Considerations -

Case Studies

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page -

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard -

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Resource Mapping -

Land Use Data

FAOStat -

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile -

<span class="isdb-tag">Desertification</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Migration</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Conflict and Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Economic Diversification</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector </span>

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