All articles for the topic: Kyrgyzstan

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Mitigation: The Kyrgyz Republic has signed but not ratified the Paris Agreement. In their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, the Kyrgyz Republic commits unconditionally to greenhouse gas emissions reductions of 11.49-13.75% from the business as usual scenario by 2030 and of 12.67-15.69% by 2050. With international support those emission reduction ranges could be increased to 29-30.89% and 35.06-36.75% respectively. Mitigation activities will occur across the energy, industrial, waste, and agriculture sectors, and engage with issues of land use, land use change, and forestry. Adaptation: Given the Kyrgyz Republic's vulnerability to climate change, adaptation is a priority. The sectors that are most vulnerable to economic losses without adaptation, and therefore require adaptation and resilience building, include water, agriculture, energy, emergencies and emergency response, healthcare, and forests and biodiversity. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Signed), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary


The Kyrgyz Rebublic's NDC-SDG Connections

The Kyrgyz Republic is a landlocked country, located within a mountain chain in north-eastern central Asia. It faces socioeconomic challenges related to development and poverty, as well as natural hazards such as earthquakes. The Kyrgyz Republic is considered particularly vulnerable to climate change because its predominate economic sector (agriculture) and the location of much of its population (in foothills around mountains) are highly climate and weather sensitive, and vulnerable to climate change.

 

 

 

 

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Intended Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/submissions/INDC/Published%20Documents/Kyr...

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/KG.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/kyrgyzstan
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/KGZ
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=KGZ

SDG Voluntary National Review

The Kyrgyz Republic has not yet completed a Voluntary National Review, but a Review is expected by 2020 and will be available here - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/kyrgyzstan

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/kyrgyzrepublic
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/KGZ

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

The Kyrgyz Republic does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/NC3_Kyrgyzstan_English_2...

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=43352&cid=93
Ashgabat Declaration - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=47548&cid=93
National strategy for comprehensive safety of population and territories of the Kyrgyz Republic from disasters and emergencies: 2012-2020 - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=60018&cid=93
Enhancing coordination for disaster preparedness and response - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=22119&cid=93

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Action Plans

Climate Change Adaptation Programme and Action Plan for 2015-2017 for the Forest and Biodiversity Sector - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/climate-change-adaptation-pro...
Priorities for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Kyrgyz Republic until 2017 (updated to 2020) - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/priorities-for-adaptation-to-...

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme - https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/naps/2017-08/Kyrgyzstan-...
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/kg/kg-nbsap-v3-en.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

National Sustainable Development Strategy for the Kyrgyz Republic - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-sustainable-developm...
Law No.53 on environmental protection - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC043149
National Action Plan for Development of Forestry - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC163157
Forest Code - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC026823
National Forest Programme - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC149635
Law No.166 on agriculture development - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC110041
Law No.183 on food security - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC110041
Law of the Kyrgyz Republic Fish Industry - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC016804
Water Code - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC049854
Law No.18 on protected areas - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC104309
Law No.283 on renewable sources of energy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-no-283-on-renewable-sourc...
Law No.88 on energy saving - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-no-88-on-energy-saving/
Law No.137 on the energy efficiency of buildings - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-no-137-on-the-energy-effi...
Law no 71/2007 about state regulation and policy in the field of emission and absorption of greenhouse gases - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/about-state-regulation-and-po...

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/kyrgyzstan

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing electricity supply improvements - https://projects.worldbank.org/en/projects-operations/project-detail/P13...
Financing energy efficiency improvements - https://www.thegef.org/project/improving-energy-efficiency-buildings
Financing mountain hazard early warning systems - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/strengthening-early-warning-mountain-hazards-ce...
Financing hydro power development - https://www.thegef.org/project/small-hydro-power-development
Financing improved irrigation - https://www.isdb.org/projects/data/uid-pj0033948
Financing climate services to support food security and vulnerable communities - https://www.greenclimate.fund/projects/sap002
Financing national resilience building - https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/loans-credits/2018/05/25/enhancing-res...
Financing resilience in the water supply - https://www.thegef.org/project/promoting-climate-resiliency-water-suppli...
Financing sustainable forest and land management - https://www.thegef.org/project/sustainable-forest-and-land-management
Financing management of mountainous forest resources - https://www.thegef.org/project/sustainable-management-mountainous-forest...

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
Climate Investment Fund - https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/country/kyrgyz-republic
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management - https://www.adb.org/themes/climate-change-disaster-risk-management/main

Multilateral Funders

The Kyrgyz Republic receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Green Climate Fund, the Islamic Development Bank, and the Global Environment Facility, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/kyrgyz-republic
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/asia/kgz

Energy Supply and Demand

Key Energy Statistics - https://www.iea.org/countries/Kyrgyzstan/
Analysis of usage of the renewable energy in Kyrgyzstan - https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1755-1315/249/1/012021/pdf
Renewable Energy in Kyrgyzstan: State, Policy, and Educational System - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/297984597_RENEWABLE_ENERGY_IN_K...

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile - https://www.land-links.org/kyrgyzstan
Sustainable forest management in the Kyrgyz Republic - http://www.fao.org/forestry/fma/73410/en/kgz/

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Environment, Rural Livelihoods, and Labor Migration: A Case Study in Central Kyrgyzstan - https://bioone.org/journals/mountain-research-and-development/volume-37/...

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in the Kyrgyz's Republic's Third National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/NC3_Kyrgyzstan_English_2...
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=25713&cid=93

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries - https://www.weadapt.org/case-studies?keyword=Kyrgyz

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/kyrgyz-republic

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/138-kyrgyzstan

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=KGZ

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://www.wmo.int/cpdb/kyrgyzstan

<span class="isdb-tag">Geophysical Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Biological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydro Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Climate Services </span>
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