All articles for the topic: Kuwait

wfp food uncertainty 2015 abeer etefa - climate adaptation.

Food in an uncertain future

This report sets out the risks to food security in the Middle East and North Africa from climate change, and how these vulnerabilities interact with other key trends and sources of risk.

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Mitigation: Kuwait has committed to moving to a lower carbon equivalent economy to avoid emissions increasing as a result of future development. Activities to facilitate this low carbon transition include improving petroleum products through increasing clean fuel, replacing the states old refinery, energy production from waste and renewable sources, and mass transit projects. Adaptation: Kuwait has five main adaption priorities. The first is addressing the vulnerability of coastal zones to climate change by developing a coastal information systems to predict sea level rise and support strategic coastal planning. Adapting to increasingly likely sandstorms will involve decreasing the amount of open desert, and increasing the amount of green belts and protected areas. This may also include addressing food insecurity by increasing Kuwait's domestic agricultural production. To address significant household electricity use for cooling, Kuwait will adapt to rising temperatures by implementing district cooling systems. Finally Kuwait will adapt to increasing water scarcity by increasing the efficiency of producing and using water. Kuwait will require significant support from other nations and organizations to achieve its mitigation and adaptation goals. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)


Kuwait's NDC-SDG Connections

Kuwait is a coastally urbanized, water-stressed, country. As a result of climate change and sea level rise it is at increased risk of desertification, sandstorms, drought, and flooding. Coastal ecosystems and infrastructure, as well as water availability, are major concerns. Kuwait is already very dependent on the desalination of sea water which can be quite energy intensive and damaging to coastal ecosystems, the need for desalinated water will increases with rainfall variability from climate change and it will exacerbate the impacts of other climate change challenges like sea level rise and vegetation loss. Kuwait's economy is based in petroleum production and export, falling oil prices related to global mitigation efforts would worsen existing development challenges related to the supply of basic provisions and opportunities for the country's growing population.



International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement -

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs -
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal -
ClimateWatch Profile -
NDC Partnership Page -

SDG Voluntary National Review

2019 Voluntary National Review -

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview -
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub -

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections -

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability -

Emissions Data

Kuwait does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but recent emissions information can be found here -

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review Report -
Natural Disasters in the Middle East and North Africa: A Regional Overview -

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date -

National Action Plans

The World Bank reports Kuwait has developed a National Strategy and Action Plan (NSAP) for long term greenhouse gas mitigation, but it is not publicly accessible.
Environmental management is in the purview of the Kuwait EPA -

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan -

National Regulations/Policies

Kuwait Vision 2035 -
Law No. 42 of 2014 on Environmental Protection -
Law No 21/1995 Kuwait Environment Public Authority. Further amended: Law No 16/1996 -
Kuwait Renewable Energy Target -
Innovative Renewable Energy Research Program -
National Renewable Resource Assessment Mapping -
Energy Conservation Code of Practice -
Renewable Energy Building and Site Integration -

National Platform

Project Progress Towards Vision 2035 Sustainable Living Environment -

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation -


Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing for engagement with multilateral environmental programming and reporting -
Financing for monitoring national water resources -
Financing for improving the efficiency, and reducing the emissions, from petroleum production - -

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update -
OECD Climate Change -
OECD Investment for Green Growth -

Multilateral Funders

Kuwait receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility, and the Islamic Development Bank, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index -
Biodiversity and climate change in Kuwait -
Environmental Performance Index -

Natural Disaster/Hazards

PreventionWeb -

Energy Supply and Demand

The Kuwait Energy Outlook -
Key Energy Statistics -

Land Use

Land-Use Mapping for the State of Kuwait using the Geographical Information System (GIS) -

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Prospects for Climate Change Integration into the GCC Economic Diversification Strategies -

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Kuwait's Second National Communication -

Case Studies

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page -

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard -

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping -

Land Use Data

FAOStat -

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile -

<span class="isdb-tag">Water Desalination</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Desertification</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Wind Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Gas Flaring</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Sustainable Transport</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector </span>

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