All articles for the topic: Kazakhstan

Climate change impacts on Central Asia high mountains

The Climate-Cryosphere-Water Nexus in Central Asia

This nexus brief explores the interactions between changes in the cryosphere due to climate change and the consequences for water resources and hazard management in Central Asia.

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Mitigation: Kazakhstan has committed to an unconditional 15% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by the end of December, 2030, compared to 1990 emissions. With external support, in the form of investment, technologies transfer, and green climate funds, an additional 10% reduction could be achieved. These emissions reductions will be achieved through the pursuit of low carbon development, or green growth, via energy efficiency, waste management, sustainable transport and communal services, ecosystem conservation, and reforestation. Adaptation: Kazakhstan does not specifically address adaptation to climate change in its Nationally Determined Contributions, however based on other communications the agriculture sector is likely to be a high priority for adaptation, as desertification and water scarcity threaten its sustainability. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)


Kazakhstan's NDC-SDG Connections

Kazakhstan is a large, low population density, geographically and climatically diverse, country. Areas in Kazakhstan are considered to be at high risk of climate change impacts and ecological destabilization, Kazakhstan is particularly at risk of further desertification and worsened water scarcity. Kazakhstan's economic growth is largely based in its raw natural resources, including coal, oil, and natural gas, and recent economic growth has been paired with significantly increased emissions. Addressing climate change will be critical to Kazakhstan's sustainable development, environmental health, and socio-economic improvement.




International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement -

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs -
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal -
Climate Action Tracker -
ClimateWatch Profile -
NDC Partnership Page -

SDG Voluntary National Review

2019 Voluntary National Review -

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview -
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub -

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections -

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability -

Emissions Data

Kazakhstan does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report -
The ClimateWatch profile may provide one more recent assessment of greenhouse gas emissions -

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action -
Law providing for management of natural and technological disasters -

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for Low-carbon Urban Development in Kazakhstan -
Fostering Use of Natural Gas in the Transport Sector -
For recently added action check here -

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme -

National Regulations/Policies

The Concept of Transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Sustainable Development for the Period 2007-2024, Presidential Decree No 216 of 2006 -
Law on the transition to green economy -
Law on Energy Saving -
Green Energy Concept 2013 -
Law about Support of Use of Renewable Sources of Energy No. 165-4 -
The Ecological Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, No. 212 of 2007and Amendment to said legislation on 3 December 2011 -
Law on Power Industry, No 588-II -
Government Decree No 857, on wind energy development -

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation -


Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing for increased energy efficiency -
Financing renewable energy expansion -
Financing sustainable urban development -
Financing improved climate services -
Financing climate adaptation within agriculture -
Financing improved irrigation -

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update -
OECD Climate Change -
OECD Investment for Green Growth -
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management -

Multilateral Funders

Kazakhstan receives climate funding from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the World Bank, the Islamic Development Bank, the Global Environment Facility, the Green Climate Fund, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index -
Environmental Performance Index -

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery -
PreventionWeb -

Energy Supply and Demand

Current Energy Resources in Kazakhstan and the Future Potential of Renewables: A Review -
Kazakhstan: An Emissions Trading Case Study -
Key Energy Statistics -

Land Use

Land use dynamics and institutional changes in Central Asia -
Long-term agricultural land-cover change and potential for cropland expansion in the former Virgin Lands area of Kazakhstan -
Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 -

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Climate change and its impact on Kazakhstan’s human development -
Pastoral livestock husbandry and rural livelihoods in the forest-steppe of east Kazakhstan -

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Kazakhstan's Second National Communication -
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action -

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries -

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page -

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard -

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping -

Land Use Data

FAOStat -

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile -

<span class="isdb-tag">Deforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Desertification</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Sustainable Transport</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy Efficiency</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Climate Services</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Urban Management and Planning</span>

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