All articles for the topic: Kazakhstan

Climate change impacts on Central Asia high mountains

The Climate-Cryosphere-Water Nexus in Central Asia

This nexus brief explores the interactions between changes in the cryosphere due to climate change and the consequences for water resources and hazard management in Central Asia.

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Mitigation: Kazakhstan has committed to an unconditional 15% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by the end of December, 2030, compared to 1990 emissions. With external support, in the form of investment, technologies transfer, and green climate funds, an additional 10% reduction could be achieved. These emissions reductions will be achieved through the pursuit of low carbon development, or green growth, via energy efficiency, waste management, sustainable transport and communal services, ecosystem conservation, and reforestation. Adaptation: Kazakhstan does not specifically address adaptation to climate change in its Nationally Determined Contributions, however based on other communications the agriculture sector is likely to be a high priority for adaptation, as desertification and water scarcity threaten its sustainability. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary


Kazakhstan's NDC-SDG Connections

Kazakhstan is a large, low population density, geographically and climatically diverse, country. Areas in Kazakhstan are considered to be at high risk of climate change impacts and ecological destabilization, Kazakhstan is particularly at risk of further desertification and worsened water scarcity. Kazakhstan's economic growth is largely based in its raw natural resources, including coal, oil, and natural gas, and recent economic growth has been paired with significantly increased emissions. Addressing climate change will be critical to Kazakhstan's sustainable development, environmental health, and socio-economic improvement.

 

 

 

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=KAZ

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/KZ.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/kazakhstan
Climate Action Tracker - https://climateactiontracker.org/countries/kazakhstan
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/KAZ
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=KAZ

SDG Voluntary National Review

2019 Voluntary National Review - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/kazakhstan

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/kazakhstan
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/KAZ

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

Kazakhstan does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/files/national_reports/annex_i_natcom_/application/pd...
The ClimateWatch profile may provide one more recent assessment of greenhouse gas emissions - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/KAZ

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=31269&cid=89
Law providing for management of natural and technological disasters - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=30919&cid=89

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for Low-carbon Urban Development in Kazakhstan - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
Fostering Use of Natural Gas in the Transport Sector - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
For recently added action check here - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme - https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/naps/kazakstan-eng2005.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

The Concept of Transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Sustainable Development for the Period 2007-2024, Presidential Decree No 216 of 2006 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/the-concept-of-transition-of-...
Law on the transition to green economy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-on-the-transition-to-gree...
Law on Energy Saving - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-on-energy-saving/
Green Energy Concept 2013 - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/kazakhstan/name-136648-en.php
Law about Support of Use of Renewable Sources of Energy No. 165-4 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-about-support-of-use-of-r...
The Ecological Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, No. 212 of 2007and Amendment to said legislation on 3 December 2011 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/the-ecological-code-of-the-re...
Law on Power Industry, No 588-II - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-on-power-industry-no-588-ii/
Government Decree No 857, on wind energy development - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/government-decree-no-857-on-w...

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/kazakhstan

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing for increased energy efficiency - http://projects.worldbank.org/P130013/energy-efficiency-project?lang=en&...
Financing renewable energy expansion - https://www.thegef.org/project/de-risking-renewable-energy-investment
Financing sustainable urban development - https://www.greenclimate.fund/documents/20182/893456/14270_-_Green_Citie...
Financing improved climate services - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/strengthening-hydrometeorological-preparedness-...
Financing climate adaptation within agriculture - https://www.weadapt.org/placemarks/maps/view/10431
Financing improved irrigation - https://www.isdb.org/projects/data/uid-pj0032355

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management - https://www.adb.org/themes/climate-change-disaster-risk-management/main

Multilateral Funders

Kazakhstan receives climate funding from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the World Bank, the Islamic Development Bank, the Global Environment Facility, the Green Climate Fund, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/kazakhstan
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/asia/kaz

Energy Supply and Demand

Current Energy Resources in Kazakhstan and the Future Potential of Renewables: A Review - https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610214017214
Kazakhstan: An Emissions Trading Case Study - https://www.ieta.org/resources/Resources/Case_Studies_Worlds_Carbon_Mark...
Key Energy Statistics - https://www.iea.org/countries/kazakhstan

Land Use

Land use dynamics and institutional changes in Central Asia - http://www.fao.org/3/a-ag265e.pdf
Long-term agricultural land-cover change and potential for cropland expansion in the former Virgin Lands area of Kazakhstan - https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/10/5/054012/meta
Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 - http://www.fao.org/3/a-az250e.pdf

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Climate change and its impact on Kazakhstan’s human development - http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/climate-change-and-its-impact-kazakhstan%...
Pastoral livestock husbandry and rural livelihoods in the forest-steppe of east Kazakhstan - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305846786_Pastoral_livestock_hu...

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Kazakhstan's Second National Communication - https://unfccc.int/files/national_reports/annex_i_natcom_/application/pd...
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=25710&cid=89

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries - https://www.weadapt.org/case-studies?keyword=kazakhstan

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/republic-of-kazakhstan

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/132-kazakhstan

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=KAZ

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://www.wmo.int/cpdb/kazakhstan

<span class="isdb-tag">Deforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Desertification</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Sustainable Transport</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy Efficiency</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Climate Services</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Urban Management and Planning</span>

Country tags

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