All articles for the topic: Jordan

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The Jordanian Hashemite Fund for Human Development

Established in 1977, the Jordanian Hashemite Fund for Human Development (JOHUD) is the oldest and largest non-profit, non-governmental organisation dedicated to promoting rights-based, sustainable

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Food in an uncertain future

This report sets out the risks to food security in the Middle East and North Africa from climate change, and how these vulnerabilities interact with other key trends and sources of risk.

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National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS)

National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS) for Climate Change Project

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ENPI CBC MED

The multilateral cross-border cooperation "Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme" is part of the new European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and of its financing instrument (European Neighbourhood and Part

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Royal Scientific Society, Jordan

The Royal Scientific Society (RSS) was established in 1970 in accordance with a Royal Decree.

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BEN HAYYAN Aqaba International Laboratories

Inspired with its vision and mission, and striving to become a provider of Excellence in food and environment analytical and advisory services, BEN HAYYAN – Aqaba International Laboratories – was e

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Mitigation: Jordan has committed to an unconditional 1.5% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to their business as usual scenario. However, with additional financial and technical aid Jordan could commit to a reduction of an addition 12.5% by 2030. In the energy sector Jordan intends to produce these reductions through a diversification of energy supply, expansion of renewables, and efficiency improvements across industries. Transport is a growing and significant emissions source in Jordan, mitigation approaches include increasing the use of public transport and reducing vehicle emissions. Within the waste management sector, Jordan intends to develop a system for sorting, reusing, and recycling that will support mitigation. To reduce emissions from agriculture Jordan will afforest barren forest areas. Finally within the water sector Jordan will introduce renewables as an energy source for the water supply system, while encouraging efficient energy use in the sector.

Adaptation: Climate change adaptation in the water sector is a primary concern for Jordan. Water scarcity is a major challenge for Jordan's sustainable development that will be worsened by climate change. Water sector adaptation activities include, securing residential water supply, irrigation, and water quality, and securing water access despite socio-economic issues. Adaptation activities will also be required to protect public health, ecosystems and biodiversity, and agriculture and food security. Jordan targets adaptation action to address both climate change insecurity and sustainable development challenges, looking to undertake adaptation projects that have a social inclusion dimension.

International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary

Jordan is likely to be particularly impacted by climate change, specifically in terms of water scarcity and drought. Water availability is already an issue in Jordan, but climate change is projected to lead to higher temperatures, and reduced precipitation, prompting more drought events that will pose a serious risk to individual water access as well as Jordan's agricultural sector. Jordan is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change as a result of its development needs, dependency on importing energy, and significant migrant population from neighboring countries

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=JOR

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/JO.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/jordan
Climate Action Tracker - https://climateactiontracker.org/countries/jordan
ClimateWatch Profile - https://climateactiontracker.org/countries/jordan
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=JOR

SDG Voluntary National Review

2017 Voluntary National Review - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/jordan

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/jordan
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/JOR

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg
Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/Jordan%20BUR1.pdf

Emissions Data

Jordan does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but recent emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/Jordan%20BUR1.pdf

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review Report - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=53145&cid=88
National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=30713&cid=88
National Comprehensive Plan for Encountering Emergencies and Disasters - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=21867&cid=88

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

Improvement of Energy Efficiency in the Jordanian Water Sector - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
Samra Thermal Power Station - Phase-III Add-On Combined Cycle - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
The Zarqa River Basin Industrial Waste Water Treatment Plant and Energy Plant - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
National appropriate mitigation action (NAMA) for national domestic waste management - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
National appropriate mitigation action (NAMA) for industrial sector - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
Improvement of Energy Efficiency in the Jordanian Water Sector - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
Fuels and Emissions Savings - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
Fuels and Emissions Savings - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
Rehabilitation Of Al-Akaider Landfill - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
For recently added action check here - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Action Plans

The National Climate Change Policy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 2013-2020 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/the-national-climate-change-p...
A National Green Growth Plan for Jordan - http://www.moenv.gov.jo/AR/Documents/report2017/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%B7...

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme (titled The Aligned National Action Plan) - https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/naps/Jordan%2520-%2520en...
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/jo/jo-nbsap-v2-en.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

Jordan 2025: A National Vision and Strategy - http://inform.gov.jo/Portals/0/Report%20PDFs/0.%20General/jo2025part1.pdf
National Strategy and Action Plan for Sustainable Consumption and Production - https://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/sites/default/files/downloads/resou...
National Water Strategy 2015-2025 - http://www.mwi.gov.jo/sites/en-us/Hot%20Issues/Strategic%20Documents%20o...(%202016-2025)-25.2.2016.pdf
The National Strategy for Agricultural Development - http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/jor145312.pdf
National Energy Efficiency Strategy - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/jordan/name-24769-en.php
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Law - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/renewable-energy-energy-effic...
General Electricity Law No 64 of 2003 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/general-electricity-law-no-64...
Directive Governing the Sale of Electrical Energy Generated from Renewable Energy Systems - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/jordan/name-36863-en.php
Long Term National Transport Strategy - http://mot.gov.jo/EchoBusV3.0/SystemAssets/PDFEN/longtermstrategy/%D8%A7...

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/jordan
Jordan’s environmental policies and engagement on climate change - https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/5d30a131ed915d2ff003b781/...

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing for market based mechanisms to address greenhouse gas emissions - https://www.thepmr.org/system/files/documents/Jordan%20PMR%20Project%20I...
Financing the integration of biodiversity conservation into the service sectors - https://www.thegef.org/project/mainstreaming-biodiversity-conservation-t...
Financing energy efficiency improvements - https://www.thegef.org/project/energy-efficiency-investment-support-fram...
Financing marine conservation and coastal management - https://www.thegef.org/project/mainstreaming-marine-biodiversity-conserv...
Financing renewable energy projects - https://www.isdb.org/projects/data/uid-pj0032978
Financing resilient cities in Jordan - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/improving-urban-resilience-cities-impacted-syri...

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
Climate Investment Fund - https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/country/jordan

Multilateral Funders

Jordan receives climate funding from the Adaptation Fund, the Global Environment Facility, the Islamic Development Bank, the World Bank, the Special Climate Change Fund, and the Partnership for Market Readiness, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/jordan
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/asia/jor

Energy Supply and Demand

Key Energy Statistics - https://www.iea.org/countries/jordan

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile - https://www.land-links.org/jordan
The Land Cover Atlas of Jordan - http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/CA3388EN
Impact of Climate and Land Use Changes on Water and Food Security in Jordan: Implications for Transcending “The Tragedy of the Commons” - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257360045_Impact_of_Climate_and...
Increasing drought in Jordan: Climate change and cascading Syrian land-use impacts on reducing transboundary flow - https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/8/e1700581.full

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Rural women and climate change in Jordan - https://data2.unhcr.org/en/documents/download/66494
A land without water: the scramble to stop Jordan from running dry -https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02600-w

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Jordan's Third National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/jdrnc3.pdf

Case Studies

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/jordan

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/130-jordan

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=JOR

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://www.wmo.int/cpdb/jordan

<span class="isdb-tag">Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Bioenergy</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Biological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Sustainable Transport</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Wind Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Migration</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector </span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector </span>

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