All articles for the topic: Egypt

Secondary feeder canal with irrigated berseem field in the Nile Delta

Drainage Water Reuse in the Nile Delta, Egypt

A GIZ pilot measure was implemented in the Nile Delta, focussing on mixing fresh irrigation water with drainage water under controlled conditions to improve the total volume of irrigation water.

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Southern Egypt farmer

Engaging stakeholders and building ownership for climate adaptation

This report highlights the tools and structures utilised to engage stakeholders and build ownership in the “Building Resilient Food Security Systems to Benefit the Southern Egypt Region” project.

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Visit to a rooftop farmer, producing gangeer in a hydroponic system

Rooftop Farming in Cairo

In informal settlements of Greater Cairo a rooftop farming project was started in 2014, supported by GIZ. The results were promising, but technical and managerial problems still have to be solved.

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wfp food uncertainty 2015 abeer etefa - climate adaptation.

Food in an uncertain future

This report sets out the risks to food security in the Middle East and North Africa from climate change, and how these vulnerabilities interact with other key trends and sources of risk.

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pastoralism

CC&E Nexus Brief: Migration

This brief focuses on the climate change, environment and migration nexus and synthesizes the main findings on this subject to date, both in general and with a focus on North Africa.

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The climate change, migration and economic development nexus in North Africa

This article addresses the climate change and migration nexus from the perspective of disaster risks and employment, and focuses on Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt.

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Migration, development and climate change in North Africa

This paper looks at the current state of migration in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia, the risks, opportunities and strategies migration offers, and its nexus with development and climate change.

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Cairo University

Cairo University (previously known as the Egyptian University 1908–1940, then King Fuad I University 1940–1952) is Egypt's premier public universi

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Costs of sea-level rise in Egypt

A boy riding a horse in front of the Great Pyramids of Giza Image: Marko Djurica

Executive Summary

This report presents the integrated case study for Egypt carried...

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5370d098c3cd5egypt - climate adaptation.

Egypt NEEDS Climate change

A boat along the Nile, Aswan, Egypt. Image © panoramio.com

National Development Plans and Priorities in the context of Climate Change

To enhance adaptation planning...

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National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS)

National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS) for Climate Change Project

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Impacts of sea-level rise in Africa

Summary

Africa has a large and growing coastal population, including a number of important coastal cities. With sea-level rise, flooding and inundation of coastal areas would be expected...

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Adaptation to Climate Change in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

Photo © World Bank

Project description

This project assisted the World Bank in assessing the range of effective adaptation strategies in the MENA region. Research...

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533c08eb392d6ma-meknes2 - climate adaptation.

Adaptation to Climate Change in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

Photo © World Bank

Project description

This project assisted the World Bank in assessing the range of effective adaptation strategies in the MENA region. Research...

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ENPI CBC MED

The multilateral cross-border cooperation "Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme" is part of the new European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and of its financing instrument (European Neighbourhood and Part

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org-coming-soon 3 - climate adaptation.

National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Egypt

The National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF) is one of the twelve national research institutions affiliated to the Ministry of State for Scientific Research of Egypt that are dealing

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cordio

Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO) - East Africa

Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO) was initiated in 1999 as a response to the El-Niño related mass bleaching and mortality of corals in the Indian Ocean in 1998.

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CIRCE Foundation Paper Literature

CIRCE Foundation Paper - part 2:  Reviewing Key Adaptation Literature

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Center For Environment and Development for Arab Region and Europe, Egypt

Center For Environment and Development for Arab Region and Europe, CEDARE, led by its Executive Director, Dr.

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Coastal Research Institute

Coastal Research Institute (CoRI), was established in 1972 as an urgent need for monitoring and protecting the Egyptian coasts.

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Circe foundation paper

Rationale

This interactive user guide is being developed to produce CIRCE project deliverable D13.2.1 Foundatation paper on adaptation options and screening. The rationale is that by...

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536ccf0102481alexandria-skyline-of-coast1 - climate adaptation.

Impacts of sea-level rise in Africa

City of Alexandria coastline: Image ©Blueskyline.com

Impact of sea level rise in Egypt

Egypt has a coastal zone of more than 3,500 km long and contains 40% of the...

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Mitigation: Egypt's mitigation efforts focus on providing the foundation required to build a low carbon energy system. This requires managing emissions across all sectors, and relies on financial and technical support from donors and other countries. Specific activities include encouraging the spread of local low-carbon energy production capacity, improving efficiency standards, reforming fossil fuel subsidies, and the possible use of market mechanisms.

Adaptation: Egypt focuses its adaptation efforts in key areas of climate concern. The first is the availability of water resources, adaptation responses include increasing water storage capacity, improving agricultural practices (particularly related to irrigation and drainage), water desalination and rain water harvesting, and increasing wastewater recycling. Climate change impacts on agriculture are an additional adaptation concern, addressed through adjustments to what is grown when, as well as through further research that will allow for more comprehensive studies on climate change adaptation for fisheries and livestock production. The last high priority adaptation concern is coastal zones, and adaptation efforts include integrated coastal zone management, as well as incentivizing and providing opportunities for those in coastal areas threatened by climate change to move to less vulnerable locations. Generally, Egypt facilitates adaptation across sectors and communities by supporting additional climate change research and data, the development of early warning and monitoring for extreme natural phenomena, and public awareness raising.

International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary

Egypt's infrastructure and population is concentrated in the Nile Delta and on the Mediterranean coast. Egypt dependent on the Nile for freshwater, agriculture, and food security. This context makes Egypt particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts, such as sea level rise and changes in precipitation patterns. These climate change challenges are compounded by factors related to economic development, social justice, and political stability that are current national priorities.

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=EGY

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/EG.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/egypt
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/EGY
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=EGY

SDG Voluntary National Review

2018 Voluntary National Review - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/egypt

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/egypt
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/EGY

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

Egypt does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but recent emissions information can be found here - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/GHGI%20chapter%20.pdf

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review Report - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=53144&cid=54
National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=40148&cid=54

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Action Plans

National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/egypts-national-strategy-for-...

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme - https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/naps/egypt-eng2005.pdf
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/eg/eg-nbsap-v2-en.pdf

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/new-national-renewable-energy...

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing improved irrigation and water-efficient agricultural practices - http://projects.worldbank.org/P117745/egypt-farm-level-irrigation-modern...
Financing capacity building and climate resilience - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/just-time-capacity-building-and-advice-climate-...
Financing government and citizen capacity to participate in international environmental action - https://www.thegef.org/project/enhancing-national-capacities-improved-pu...
Financing to support renewable energy supply - https://www.greenclimate.fund/projects/fp039
Financing to improve water management and efficient water use - http://projects.worldbank.org/P130801/regional-coordination-improved-wat... - https://www.weadapt.org/placemarks/maps/view/31921

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
Climate Investment Funds - https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/country/egypt
African Development Bank Group - https://www.afdb.org/en/topics-and-sectors/sectors/climate-change

Multilateral Funders

Egypt receives climate funding from the Green Climate Fund, the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility, and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Egypt's National Environmental Economic and Development Study (NEEDS) for Climate Change - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/egypt_final_report_needs.pdf
Adaptation to Climate-Change Induced Water Stress in the Nile Basin: a Vulnerability Assessment Report - https://www.unenvironment.org/resources/report/adaptation-climate-change...
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/egypt
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/?cid=54

Energy Supply and Demand

Renewable Energy Outlook: Egypt - https://www.irena.org/publications/2018/Oct/Renewable-Energy-Outlook-Egypt
Key Energy Statistics - https://www.iea.org/countries/Egypt/

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile - https://www.land-links.org/country-profile/egypt/

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Sustainable Agriculture Investments and Livelihoods - https://www.ifad.org/documents/38714170/39150184/ASAP+Egypt+factsheet.pd...

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Egypt's Third National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/TNC%20report.pdf

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries - https://www.weadapt.org/case-studies?keyword=egypt

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/egypt

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/40765-egypt

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=EGY

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://cpdb.wmo.int/egypt

<span class="isdb-tag">Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Wind Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Bioenergy</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydropower</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Desalination</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Education and Public Awareness</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Conflict and Insecurity</span>

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