All articles for the topic: Djibouti

Djibouti

Djibouti - Ecosystem-based Adaptation

This project piloted approaches for rehabilitating degraded watersheds and wadi shores to reduce seawater intrusion and floods in Djibouti.

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Climate variability and impact in ASSAR’s East African region

This new paper from ASSAR's east Africa team looks at impact climate-related risks, impacts and vulnerability across the semi-arid regions of East Africa.

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af honduras - climate adaptation.

Adaptation Fund Projects in Action

VIDEO: An overview of Adaptation Fund projects under implementation all over the world. 

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Horn of Africa Regional Environmental Center and Network

The Horn of Africa Regional Environment Centre & Network (HoA-REC&N) is an autonomous institution under Addis Ababa University that focuses on environmental concerns and sustainable develop

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Developing agro-pastoral shade gardens as an adaptation strategy for poor rural communities in Djibouti

Djibouti has an arid and semi-desert climate, which makes it highly sensitive to drought and water scarcity. Unless adequate action is quickly taken to reduce Djibouti’s vulnerability to...

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Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO) - East Africa

Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean (CORDIO) was initiated in 1999 as a response to the El-Niño related mass bleaching and mortality of corals in the Indian Ocean in 1998.

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Mitigation: Djibouti has committed unconditionally to a 40% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to the business as usual scenario, with international support this reduction could be increased by a further 20%. Djibouti's unconditional mitigation actions include connecting an electrical line with Ethiopia, building onshore wind farms, installing photovoltaic plants, further exploiting geothermal energy potential, constructing a new railway line, enhancing energy efficiency projects for buildings, and reducing the energy consumption of public buildings. Conditional mitigation efforts include connecting additional electrical lines with Ethiopia, thermal rehabilitation of buildings, distributing low energy light bulbs, auditing administrative buildings, reducing energy consumption by public buildings, reforestation with silvopasture practices, reducing fuel wood consumption for cooking, and developing and maintaining two wheel vehicles.

Adaptation: Given Djibouti's considerable vulnerability to climate change, adaptation is a priority and requires significant domestic and international investment. Key adaptation priorities are the reduction of vulnerability to drought, protection against rising sea levels, improved access to water, biodiversity protection, and the greater resilience of rural populations

International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary

Djibouti is a least developed coastal country, located in the Horn of Africa. Djibouti has a semi-tropical desert climate, and is characterized by plateaus, plains, and mountains from volcanic activity. Djibouti is susceptible to natural disasters and drought, climate change is likely to result in further extreme drought, high temperatures, sea level rise, flash floods, and water and soil salinization. Djibouti also faces considerable socioeconomic challenges related to poverty, economic development, and internal and external political conflict. Djibouti's physical, and socioeconomic, context makes it particularly susceptible to climate change impacts.

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=DJI

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/DJ.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/djibouti
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/DJI
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=DJI

SDG Voluntary National Review

Djibouti has not yet completed a Voluntary National Review, but should a review be completed it will be available here - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/djibouti

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/djibouti
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/DJI

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

Djibouti does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/djinc2.pdf
The ClimateWatch profile may provide one more recent assessment of greenhouse gas emissions - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/DJI

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=29701&cid=50
Loi portant politique nationale de gestion des risques et des catastrophes (Loi no. 140/AN/06/5ème L du 11 mars 2006) - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=30663&cid=50

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Action Plans

National Adaptation Programme of Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=8510&cid=50

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Programme - https://knowledge.unccd.int/sites/default/files/naps/djibouti-fre2000.pdf
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/dj/dj-nbsap-v2-fr.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

Loi n°51/AN/09/6ème L portant Code de l’Environnement - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC092357
Plan d'Action National pour le Développement des Capacités en matière de Gestion Durable de l'Environnement en République de Djibouti (2009-2018) - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC158624
Vision Djibouti 2035 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/vision-djibouti-2035/
Order No. 99-0277 / PR / MATETA establishing the National Steering Committee on Climate Change - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/order-no-99-0277-pr-mateta-es...
Stratégie et Plan d’Action pour la mise en œuvre de la Grande Muraille Verte à Djibouti - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC170001
Law no. 90-AN-15-7th L establishing the legislative framework relating to energy efficiency - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-no-90-an-15-7th-l-establi...
Law No. 32/AN/13/ 7th L establishing the Djibouti Office of Geothermal Energy Development - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-no-32-an-13-7th-l-establi...
Decree no. 2012-257 / PRE on the creation and functioning of the Supervisory and Management Bodies of Geothermal Development Projects - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/decree-no-2012-257-pre-on-the...
Decree no. 2009-0218/PR/MERN establishing the National Commission of Energy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/decree-no-2009-0218-pr-mern-e...
Loi n°187/AN/02/4ème L portant Code des pêches - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC038379
Arrêté n° 2007-0034/PR/MAEM portant réglementation de l'exploitation des espèces récifales - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC071271
Loi nº 243/AN/82 réglementant la coupe de bois en République de Djibouti - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC002181
Loi nº 177/AN/91/2eL portant organisation de la propriété foncière - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC007402
Loi n° 93/AN/95/3e L du 04 avril 1996 portant Code de l'eau - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC038207

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/djibouti

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing sustainable water management - https://www.thegef.org/project/sustainable-management-water-resources-ra...
Financing a reduction of drought risk for pastoral and agropastoral communities - https://www.isdb.org/projects/data/uid-pj0017553
Financing rural livelihoods climate change adaptation - https://www.thegef.org/project/rlacc-rural-livelihoods-adaptation-climat...
Financing agropastoral shade gardens for poor rural communities - https://www.adaptation-fund.org/project/developing-agro-pastoral-shade-g...
Financing disaster risk management - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/djibouti-disaster-risk-management-country-progr...
Financing improved energy access - https://www.thegef.org/project/promoting-better-access-modern-energy-ser...
Financing marine protected areas - https://www.thegef.org/project/mitigating-key-sector-pressures-marine-an...
Financing geothermal power generation - https://www.thegef.org/project/geothermal-power-generation-program
Financing renewable energy projects - https://www.greenclimate.fund/projects/fp099

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
African Development Bank Group - https://www.afdb.org/en/topics-and-sectors/sectors/climate-change

Multilateral Funders

Djibouti receives climate funding from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Islamic Development Bank, the Least Developed Countries Fund, the Global Climate Change Alliance, the Adaptation Fund, the Global Environment Facility, and the Green Climate Fund, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/sites/default/files/2018-10...
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/djibouti
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/africa/dji

Energy Supply and Demand

Renewables Readiness Assessment: Djibouti - https://www.irena.org/publications/2015/May/Renewables-Readiness-Assessm...
Djibouti looks to renewable energy to boost self-sufficiency and competitiveness - https://oxfordbusinessgroup.com/analysis/untapped-potential-authorities-...
Using Prosopis as an energy source for refugees and host communities in Djibouti, and controlling its rapid spread - http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/CA0163EN
Responding to climate change in the energy and water sectors in Djibouti - http://www.gcca.eu/programmes/responding-climate-change-energy-and-water...

Land Use

Djibouti Potential Land Degradation Index - http://geoportal.icpac.net/layers/geonode%3Adj_pot_16feb_16may
FAO helps Eastern Africa to track land degradation - http://www.fao.org/in-action/action-against-desertification/news-and-mul...

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Building capacities for sustainable agricultural development and food security - http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/AX423E

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Djibouti's Second National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/djinc2.pdf
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=25687&cid=50

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries - https://www.weadapt.org/case-studies?keyword=djibouti

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/djibouti

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/70-djibouti

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=DJI

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://www.wmo.int/cpdb/djibouti

<span class="isdb-tag">Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Geothermal Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydropower</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy Efficiency</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Wind Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Saline Intrusion</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Geophysical Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Rural Development</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Conflict and Insecurity </span>

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