All articles for the topic: Azerbaijan

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Climate Forum East

This article summarises the successes and lessons learned from the Climate Forum East project, which ran Jan 2013 to Dec 2014 in the six countries of the Eastern Partnership of the EU

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Mitigation: Azerbaijan has committed to a 35% reduction in total greenhouse gas emissions, by 2030 and when compared to 1990. This mitigation commitment is premised on the idea of sustainable low-carbon development, and constrained by the need for financing, the resolution of the internal displacement issue and conflict with Armenia over territory, and the stability of the oil market. Specific mitigation approaches include increasing energy efficiency through awareness raising and an improved distribution system, improvements and modernization in the oil and gas sector, the expanded use of renewable energy sources, electrification in transport, methane collection in the agricultural sector, improved solid waste management, and afforestation. Adaptation: Azerbaijan does not address adaptation explicitly in its Nationally Determined Contributions, but in other national documents Azerbaijan has referenced the importance of adaptation within the areas of agriculture, forestry, tourism, water supply, and health. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary


Azerbaijan's NDC-SDG Connections

Azerbaijan is one of the larger southern Caucasus countries, with a diverse topography ranging from coastline to mountain ranges. Azerbaijan has been engaged in conflict with Armenia, resulting in migration and internal displacement, which they describe as having a significant ongoing environmental cost. Azerbaijan has struggled to address environmental concerns given the role of oil and gas export in its economy, as challenges caused by recent falling oil prices.

 

 

 

 

 

 

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=AZE

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/AZ.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/azerbaijan
Climate Action Tracker - https://climateactiontracker.org/countries/azerbaijan
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/AZE
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=AZE

SDG Voluntary National Review

2019 Voluntary National Review - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/azerbaijan

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/azerbaijan
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/AZE

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg
Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/Second%20Biennial%20Upda...

Emissions Data

Azerbaijan does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/Second%20Biennial%20Upda...

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Azerbaijan has not reported on either the Sendai or Hyogo Frameworks, but relevant information on disaster and risk reduction include the following.
Disaster Risk Profile: Azerbaijan - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/publication/disaster-risk-profile-azerbaijan
Azerbaijan Disaster & Risk Profile - https://www.preventionweb.net/countries/aze/data/
Assessment of the capacity for flood monitoring and early warning in Enlargement and Eastern/Southern Neighbourhood countries of the European Union - https://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/57864

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions for low-carbon end-use sectors in Azerbaijan - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/_layouts/un/fccc/nama/NamaSeeki...
For recently added action check here - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Action Plans

National action plan on strengthening capacity to respond to challenges of biodiversity conservation, climate change and desertification/land degradation - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=60655&cid=11

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/az/az-nbsap-v2-en.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

"Azerbaijan 2020: Look into the Future” Development Concept - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC176989
State Programme for the Socioeconomic Development of the Regions of Azerbaijan for the period 2014-2018 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/state-programme-for-the-socio...
State Program on Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2008-2015 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/state-program-on-poverty-redu...
National Program on Environmentally Sustainable Socio-economic Development for 2003-2010 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-program-on-environme...
The State Program on Use of Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/azerbaijan/name-36529-en.php
State Agency for Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/azerbaijan/name-36528-en.php
Renewable Energy Target of Azerbaijan - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/azerbaijan/name-36534-en.php
Rules of Issuing Special Permission to Activity Concerning Alternative and Renewable Energy Source - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/azerbaijan/name-36530-en.php
Urban and Construction Code of the Republic of Azerbaijan - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/azerbaijan/name-166863-en.php
National Forest Program - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-forest-program-2/
Environmental Protection Law of 1999, No. 678–IQ - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC032661
Law on access to environmental information (2002) - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC047310
Law No. 957-IVQ on conservation of greens - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC159771
Land Code (Law No. 695-IQ) - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC128989
Water Code - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC032664
Law No. 675-IG “On wildlife” - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC132754

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/azerbaijan

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing knowledge of, and implementation of, forest resource management - https://www.thegef.org/project/forest-resources-assessment-and-monitorin...
Financing biodiversity conservation and the creation of conservation areas- https://www.thegef.org/project/conservation-and-sustainable-use-biodiver...
Financing the management and conservation of marine ecosystems - https://www.thegef.org/project/increasing-representation-effectively-man...
Financing alternative energy production, like waste to energy - https://www.isdb.org/projects/data/uid-pj0015961
Financing the expansion of rail transport - http://projects.worldbank.org/P146125/rail-trade-transport-facilitation-...
Financing a response to internal displacement and livelihood challenges resulting from insecurity - http://projects.worldbank.org/P155110?lang=en

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management - https://www.adb.org/themes/climate-change-disaster-risk-management/main

Multilateral Funders

Azerbaijan receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Islamic Development Bank, the Green Climate Fund, and the Global Environment Facility, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/asia/aze

Energy Supply and Demand

Transition to Renewable Energy and Sustainable Energy Development in Azerbaijan - https://www.iaee.org/baku2016/submissions/ExtendedAbs/7267-Abstract_Tran...
Key Energy Statistics - https://www.iea.org/countries/azerbaijan

Land Use

The Role of Ecosystems of Azerbaijan (Forests and Wetlands) as Water Suppliers - https://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/env/water/meetings/ecosystem/Discpap...
Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 - http://www.fao.org/3/a-az158e.pdf

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Reducing the Vulnerability of Azerbaijan’s Agricultural Systems to Climate Change - http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/840121468003346631/pdf/Reducin...
Azerbaijan: Improving Rural Livelihoods - http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/762511468197350101/pdf/97582-2...

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Azerbaijan's Third National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/azenc3.pdf

Case Studies

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/azerbaijan

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/19-azerbaijan

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=AZE

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://www.wmo.int/cpdb/azerbaijan

<span class="isdb-tag">Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydropower</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy and Extractive Sector </span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Conflict and Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Internal Displacement</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Migration </span>

Country tags

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