All articles for the topic: Albania

eba valuation

Valuing the Benefits, Costs and Impacts of EbA Measures

This sourcebook assists in building awareness, knowledge and capacity about why, how and in which contexts EbA valuation can be used to inform, guide and influence adaptation decision-making.

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sector-integration

sNAPshot: Initiating sector integration of adaptation considerations

This overview brief from the NAP Global Network introduces the topic of sector integration and different ways to initiate it in the national adaptation plan (NAP) process.

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50b3871966d85rec 0 - climate adaptation.

Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC)

Mission Statement
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Mitigation: Albania has committed to reducing its CO2 emissions by 11.5% compared to the baseline scenario in the period of 2016-2030. Albania has a unique greenhouse emissions profile, as its electricity is largely generated using hydropower. Unfortunately climate change may threaten water resources and undermine hydropower generation. Given this context and existing mitigation progress, Albania intends to meet its mitigation commitment through decoupling growth from greenhouse gas emissions in relevant sectors while maintaining low greenhouse gas emissions from electricity generation.

Adaptation: Albania's Nationally Determined Contributions do not address adaptation priorities or needs.

International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)

Summary

Albania is a mountainous country in southeastern Europe, extending along the Adriatic it itself has significant water features. Albania faces socioeconomic challenges related to development and poverty that are exacerbated by its vulnerability to natural disasters like earthquakes, as well as disasters exacerbated by climate change like floods, extreme temperatures, epidemics, and sea level rise.

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=ALB

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/AL.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/albania
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/ALB
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=ALB

SDG Voluntary National Review

2018 Voluntary National Review - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/albania

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Overview - http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/albania
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/ALB

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

Albania does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/Albania%20NC3_13%20Octob...
The ClimateWatch profile may provide one more recent assessment of greenhouse gas emissions - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/ALB

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review Report - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=53183&cid=2
National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=32375&cid=2

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryId=2

National Action Plans

National Adaptation Plans in focus: Lessons from Albania - https://www.adaptation-undp.org/sites/default/files/resources/albania_na...

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/al/al-nbsap-v2-en.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

Law No.10431 dated 9.6.2011 on the environment protection - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC112561
National Strategy of Energy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-strategy-of-energy/
Law 7/2017 promoting the use of energy from renewable resources - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-7-2017-promoting-the-use-...
Law 138/2013 on renewable sources of energy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-138-2013-on-renewable-sou...
National Energy Efficiency Action Plan 2010-2018 - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/albania/name-34155-en.php
Law on creating facilitating conditions for the construction of new sources of electricity generation - https://www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/pams/albania/name-34154-en.php
Law on Fisheries No. 64/2012 - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC144456
Law No. 103/2016 on aquaculture - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC162503
Law No. 8905 on protection of the marine environment from pollution and damage - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC060682
National Strategy of Water Resources Integrated Management 2018-2027 - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC181221
Albania National Strategy of Land Consolidation - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC182179
Regulation No. 21 date 12.1.2018 supplementing Regulation 709 date 29.10.2014 approving the inter-sectoral strategy of rural and agricultural development 2014-2020 - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC176126
Law No. 9817 on agriculture and rural development - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC083478
Law No. 105/2016 on plant protection - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC162522
Law No. 9385 on forests and the forestry service - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC066945
Law No. 9587 on biodiversity protection - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC067304
Law No. 10006 on wild fauna protection - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC088518
Albanian National Strategy on Waste Management - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC176852

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/albania

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing hydroelectric dams - https://projects.worldbank.org/en/projects-operations/project-detail/P16...
Financing water supply and sanitation improvements - https://www.isdb.org/projects/data/uid-pj0010225
Financing climate resilient transport infrastructure - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/climate-resilience-road-asset-albania
Financing sustainable land management and ecosystem restoration - https://www.thegef.org/project/promoting-sustainable-land-management-slm...
Financing environmental information management and global environmental reporting - https://www.thegef.org/project/establishing-albania-s-environmental-info...
Financing the management of marine and coastal protected areas - https://www.thegef.org/project/improving-coverage-and-management-effecti...
Financing green city development - https://www.greenclimate.fund/projects/fp086

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm

Multilateral Funders

Albania receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Islamic Development Bank, the Special Climate Change Fund, the Global Environment Facility, and the Green Climate Fund, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Albania: An Assessment of Climate Change Vulnerability, Risk and Adaptation - http://web.worldbank.org/archive/website01337/WEB/0__CO-47.HTM
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/albania
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/europe/alb

Energy Supply and Demand

Key Energy Statistics - https://www.iea.org/countries/albania
Albania’s Energy Sector: Vulnerable to Climate Change - http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/345341468282912757/pdf/622470B...
World Energy for Sustainable Development in the Western Balkans - http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/CA5412EN

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile - https://www.land-links.org/albania
Albania Land Cover Country Fact Sheet - https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/landuse/land-cover-country-fact-sheets/...
Urban growth and land use changes in Tirana, Albania: with cases describing urban land claims - https://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/21921
Land cover classification in Albania - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/229037130_Land_cover_classifica...

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Gender, Agriculture and Rural Development in Albania - http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5413e.pdf
Roads Create New Livelihoods on Albania's Coast - https://www.worldbank.org/en/results/2014/06/30/roads-create-new-livelih...
Albania: Restoring Growth and Improving Prosperity - https://www.worldbank.org/en/results/2017/04/17/albania-restoring-growth...

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Albania's Third National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/Albania%20NC3_13%20Octob...

Case Studies

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/albania

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/3-albania

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=ALB

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://www.wmo.int/cpdb/albania

<span class="isdb-tag">Hydropower</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Water Scarcity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Geophysical Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Coastal Management and Planning</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Biological Hazards </span>

Country tags

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