All articles for the topic: Afghanistan

engaging the private sector in financing climate adaptation

Engaging the private sector in financing adaptation to climate change

The ACT learning brief presents a framework of five approaches that policymakers, practitioners and donors can use to motivate the private sector to invest in climate change adaptation.

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climate governance afghanistan

Climate Change and Governance in Afghanistan

This report provides a broad overview of the landscape of climate change governance in Afghanistan to highlight past and present achievements, as well as future goals.

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afghan agriculture

Climate-Resilient Agriculture in South Asia: An analytical framework and insights from practice

The paper explores entry-points for and examples of climate resilient agriculture (CRA) in South Asia, and the current challenges and knowledge gaps affecting it's implementation.

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CRWM Framework

Climate-Resilient Water Management: An operational framework from South Asia

The paper presents a conceptual framework for Climate-Resilient Water Management (CRWM) and provides examples of CRWM interventions developed and deployed by the ACT programme across SE Asia.

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Afghanistan: Climate Change Science Perspectives

Released by UN Environment and Afghanistan’s National Environmental Protection Agency this publication describes the country’s most up-to-date and detailed climate change (August 2017).

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Mainstreaming adaptation to climate change within governance systems in South Asia

The paper introduces a general analytical framework for mainstreaming adaptation to climate change within governance systems.

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Afghanistan

Afghanistan - Climate Change: What Does it Mean for Rural Livelihoods and Food Security?

In this report, we show how drought and flood risks have changed over the past thirty years, and what impact this has had on rural livelihoods and food security in the country. 

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passive solar house Kabul

Evaluating Climate Change Action for Sustainable Development

This book documents emerging and innovative evaluation knowledge and practice for climate change and its links to sustainable development.

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Afghan Cities for Life

This article examines the key environmental challenges facing Afghan cities, including services such as transport, water, sanitation; natural resource management; climate change and DRR.

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Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience To Climate Change in Afghanistan

"Building Adaptive Capacity and Resilience To Climate Change in Afghanistan (LDCF-1)" is the first Full-size GEF project in Afghanistan for Climate Change Adaptation.

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Afghanistan Initial National Communication

This article describes Afghanistan's Initial National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 

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Afghanistan's Environment

This report provides readers with an overview of the key environmental issues, factors and drivers of environmental change in Afghanistan, and highlights the latest achievements and prospects ahead.

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National Environmental Protection Agency Afghanistan NEPA - Islamic republic of Afghanistan

Article 15 of the Constitution of Afghanistan reads that “The state shall be obligated to adopt necessary measures to protect and improve forests as well as the living environment.” Accordingly, th

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NCSA and NAPA Afghanistan

Executive Summary

Up to 80 percent of Afghan people rely on the country’s natural resource base for their livelihoods. Natural resource management is therefore of paramount importance to...

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Afghanistan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment

Introduction

In the capital of Afghanistan there is a saying: May Kabul be without gold rather than without snow. For most of the country’s people the land, its biological resources and...

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United Nations Environment Programme in Afghanistan

Since 2002, UNEP has taken an active role in laying the environmental foundations for sustainable development in Afghanistan.

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Review of the Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Afghanistan

Households in Afghanistan: Photo Paolo Alfieri

Project description

This project, commissioned by the UK Department for International Development (DfID), aimed to...

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International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, ICIMOD, is a regional intergovernmental knowledge development and learning centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hi

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Mapping vulnerability

Overview

Translating indicators of vulnerability for specific exposure units/stresses (e.g populations at risk of drought) into vulnerability maps, and then defining hotspots and indicators of...

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Mitigation: Afghanistan's greenhouse gas emissions are generally low, with international technical and financial support Afghanistan has conditionally committed to 13.6% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 when compared to the business as usual scenario. Mitigation activities will focus on the energy, natural resources, agriculture, waste, and mining sectors. Specific activities look at renewable energy production, energy efficiency, afforestation and reforestation, irrigation infrastructure, climate smart agriculture, efficient transportation, waste management, mitigation related to coal mining. '

Adaptation: Afghanistan's general adaptation priorities include: enhancing adaptive capacity, resilience, and disaster risk reduction preparedness across its population; integrating climate change into national planning processes; promoting sustainable rural livelihoods; improving the technical capacity of government institutions; adaptive and integrated land and water management; improving resource access for rural communities and farmers; and raising public awareness of climate change and adaptation. Specific policies and strategies to date focus on renewable energy, water management, disaster risk reduction, agriculture and rural development, biodiversity, and forestry. Afghanistan will require external support to meet its adaptation needs.

International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Not Party)

Summary

Afghanistan is a land locked country in South and Central Asia, with a diverse semi-arid and arid geography including mountains and flat lands. Afghanistan faces significant socioeconomic development challenges, and is particularly vulnerable to climate change. In Afghanistan, climate change is expected to increase the likelihood of flooding, drought, heat waves, and disasters like glacial lake outflows. These climate change impacts threaten the natural resources much of the population depend on for their livelihoods, as well as social equity, food security, political stability, and public health.

International Commitments and Reporting

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Nationally Determined Contribution Under the Paris Agreement - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/NDCStaging/pages/Party.aspx?party=AFG

NDC Monitoring and Reporting

World Bank Country Factsheet on Intended NDCs - http://spappssecext.worldbank.org/sites/indc/PDF_Library/AF.pdf
World Bank’s Climate Knowledge Portal - https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/afghanistan
ClimateWatch Profile - https://www.climatewatchdata.org/countries/AFG
NDC Partnership Page - http://ndcpartnership.org/countries-map/country?iso=AFG

SDG Voluntary National Review

2017 Voluntary National Review - https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/afghanistan

National SDG Monitoring and Reporting

Afghanistan Sustainable Development Goals - http://sdgs.gov.af/
World Bank Overview - http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/afghanistan
UNDP's Open SDG Data Hub - http://unstats-undesa.opendata.arcgis.com/

NDCs and SDGs

Mapping of NDC-SDG Connections - https://klimalog.die-gdi.de/ndc-sdg/country/AFG

NDCs, SDGs, and Climate Change

NDC Partnership Dashboard on NDCs and relation to the SDGs and Climate Change Vulnerability - http://ndcpartnership.org/climate-watch/ndcs-sdg

Emissions Data

Afghanistan does not currently have a dynamic online emissions tracking platform, but national emissions reporting can be found within this report - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/SNC%20Report_Final_20180...

Sendai and Hyogo Frameworks

Sendai Framework Data Readiness Review Report - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=53148&cid=1
National Progress Report on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=42575&cid=1
Disaster Management Strategy - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=59668&cid=1
Law on Combating Disasters in the Republic of Afghanistan - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=28051&cid=1
Law on Disaster Response, Management, and Preparedness - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/law-on-disaster-response-mana...
Strategic National Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction: Towards Peace and Stable Development - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=60012&cid=1

National Coordination and Reporting

National Appropriate Mitigation Actions

No Action to date - https://www4.unfccc.int/sites/PublicNAMA/SitePages/Country.aspx?CountryI...

National Action Plans

National Capacity Needs Self-Assessment for Global Environmental Management (NCSA) and National Adaptation Programme of Action for Climate Change (NAPA) - https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/napa/afg01.pdf

National Strategies Related to International Mechanisms

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan - https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/af/af-nbsap-01-en.pdf

National Regulations/Policies

The National Environmental Action Plan - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/the-national-environmental-ac...
Environment Law - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC185430
Framework for Adaptation and Consistency of the Afghanistan Sustainable Development Goals - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC184676
Strategic Plan of the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC184239
National Comprehensive Agriculture Development Priority Program 2016-2021 - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC167994
National Forestry Management Policy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-forestry-management-...
National Comprehensive Agriculture Development Priority Program 2016-2020 - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-comprehensive-agricu...
National Renewable Energy Policy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/national-renewable-energy-pol...
Rangeland Law - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC183712
Food Security Act - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC182400
Land Affairs Management Law - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC184127
Energy Sector Strategy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/energy-sector-strategy-1387-1...
Rural Renewable Energy Policy - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/law/rural-renewable-energy-policy...
Renewable Energy Strategy for Afghan Villages 2017-2027 - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC184368
Regulation of Cleaning and Green Spaces in Cities - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC183852
Water Law - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC172372
Wildlife Conservation and Hunting Act - http://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC183604

Reviews of National Legislation and Policy

London School of Economics: National Climate Legislation - http://www.lse.ac.uk/GranthamInstitute/country-profiles/afghanistan

Financing

Key Areas of Climate Investment

Financing biodiversity conservation - https://www.thegef.org/project/combating-land-degradation-and-biodiversi...
Financing energy efficiency - https://www.thegef.org/project/investing-energy-efficiency-strengthen-co...
Financing community forests and biomass energy - https://www.thegef.org/project/reducing-ghg-emissions-through-community-...
Financing climate resilient energy - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/climate-resilient-energy-system-afghanistan
Financing climate risk and natural hazard information to support community driven development - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/mainstreaming-natural-hazard-and-climate-risk-i...
Financing avalanches and floods - https://www.isdb.org/projects/data/uid-pj0032107
Financing land administration systems - https://projects.worldbank.org/en/projects-operations/project-detail/P16...

Selected Relevant Sources of Climate Related Funding

Climate Funds Update - https://climatefundsupdate.org/data-dashboard/#1541245745457-d3cda887-f010
OECD Climate Change - https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/
OECD Investment for Green Growth - https://www.oecd.org/environment/green.htm
Asian Development Bank Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management - https://www.adb.org/themes/climate-change-disaster-risk-management/main

Multilateral Funders

Afghanistan receives climate funding from the World Bank, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the Least Developed Countries Fund, the Islamic Development Bank, and the Global Environment Facility, among others.

Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning

Vulnerability/Adaptation Capacity Data

Notre Dame's Global Adaptation Initiative Vulnerability/Readiness Climate Change Index - https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/
Environmental Performance Index - https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/

Natural Disaster/Hazards

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery - https://www.gfdrr.org/en/afghanistan
PreventionWeb - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/countries/asia/afg

Energy Supply and Demand

Afghanistan Renewable Energy Development Issues and Options - https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/30270
Overview and Prospects for Energy Resources in Afghanistan: Measures for Improvement and Sustainable Development - https://www.jstor.org/stable/24812717?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Land Use

LandLinks Country Profile - https://www.land-links.org/afghanistan
The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Land Cover Atlas - http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5457e.pdf.
Scenario analysis of land use change in Kabul River Basin: A river basin with rapid socio-economic changes in Afghanistan - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318331657_Scenario_analysis_of_...

Economic Development/Quality of Life and Livelihoods

Climate Change in Afghanistan: What does it mean for rural livelihoods and food security? - https://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/Afghanistan/Afg_CC_RuralLiveli...
Climate change as driver of conflict in Afghanistan and other fragile and conflict affected states - https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/5ca20ba940f0b625df8d85f1/...

Summaries of Programming and Priorities

Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment in Afghanistan's Second National Communication - https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/SNC%20Report_Final_20180...
Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action - https://www.preventionweb.net/english/policies/v.php?id=25653&cid=1

Case Studies

weADAPT Case Studies

weADAPT Entries - https://www.weadapt.org/case-studies?keyword=afghanistan

Islamic Development Bank Reports

IsDB Country Page - https://www.isdb.org/afghanistan

Climate, Climate Change, and Environmental Data

Natural Disaster/Hazards Data

ThinkHazard - http://thinkhazard.org/en/report/1-afghanistan

Energy Supply and Demand Data

Renewable Energy Mapping - http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/countrySearch/?countryCode=AFG

Land Use Data

FAOStat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/

Weather/Meteorological Data

World Meteorological Organization Profile - https://www.wmo.int/cpdb/afghanistan

<span class="isdb-tag">Climate Smart Agriculture</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy Efficiency</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Community Organization and Action</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Rural Development</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Community Organization and Action</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Conflict and Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Education and Public Awareness</span>
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