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Livelihood Diversification Through Integrated Production Systems

Submitted by Dirk Rolker 4th April 2013 11:38

The districts of Maldah and Murshidabad in West Bengal belong to the most severely flood affected areas in India. Local livelihoods in these distrits are strongly dependent on rainfed agricultural production. Shifting rainfall patterns and increasing temperatures lead to decreasing crop yields. Prolonged periods of water logging put an additional stress on crops and further reduce yields. 

The project sites suffer from additional stresses through flooding and river bank erosion. Rising temperatures due to global climate change are likely to lead to glacier melt in the Himalayas. In that case both Maldha and Murshidabad district could receive higher amounts of flood water which would lead to an even higher number of floods in these regions.

A CCA RAI-supported project by the NGO DRCSC (Development Research Communication and Service Centre) responds to these problems by diversifying and thereby ensuring the livelihoods of rural communities. The overall objective of the climate change adaptation project is to diversify livelihoods through the introduction of a number of new practices and by making current crop production less sensitive to shifting rainfall patterns and waterlogging. This will eventually help in reducing the communities’ vulnerability to climatic variability and making them more resilient in the event of climatic extremes.

Implementation

This project is a joint undertaking of the project Climate Change Adaptation in Rural Areas of India (CCA RAI) and the Development Research Communication & Services Center (DRCSC).

CCA RAI is jointly implemented by the Indian Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF) and the German development organisation Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.