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Video | Solutions in Nature: Lessons from Fiji and Timor-Leste

Submitted by NAP Global Network 25th April 2022 19:02
Solutions in Nature: Lessons from Fiji and Timor-Leste
Woman and man farming in Fiji, using an Ecosystem-based Adaptation approach


Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is a critical part of the global solution to climate change. As a type of nature-based solution (NbS) for adaptation, EbA includes restoring, protecting, and managing ecosystems to ensure their health and the long-term effectiveness of the services they provide. When implemented correctly, these approaches help reduce vulnerabilities to climate risks, enhance livelihoods, and promote biodiversity conservation.

Many countries are already using EbA to help build resilience to the impacts of climate change. In order to maximize its uptake and benefits, it is critical to integrate EbA actions into a country’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process.

This video features two countries—Fiji and Timor-Leste—that are effectively scaling up EbA actions through their NAP processes.


Healthy ecosystems provide a multitude of benefits worldwide. However, as the climate changes, delicate ecosystems are sustaining damage, which creates volatile environments. Restoring balance is critical, as healthy ecosystems build resilience within communities. As a solution, EbA restores and protects the health of ecosystems to in turn ensure the long-term sustainability for people and the planet.

To maximize the benefits of EbA, it is necessary to integrate it into a country's National Adaptation Plan. Fiji and Timor-Leste provide two good examples using three key actions: 

  1. EbA is a central principle of their National Adaptation Plans, meaning they recognize that efforts to protect, maintain, and restore nature will support people, livelihoods, and biodiversity.
  2. Their National Adaptation Plans include collaboration between multiple levels of government and different sectors. For example, in Fiji's plan, the engagement of all levels of society provides an important opportunity to integrate EbA into local and regional adaptation plans. This distributes ecosystem services equally and makes decision-making more inclusive. 
  3. The plans engage local communities and use indigenous knowledge. More local knowledge and practices can strengthen EbA planning. This also allows for social buy-ins for those whose livelihoods depend on healthy ecosystems. For example, Timor-Leste is encouraging community participation through an indigenous system of law and resource management to promote long-term climate-responsive prosperity.