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Plan CC – Tackling climate change in Peru

Published: 10th October 2018 10:58Last Updated: 10th October 2018 11:05
From 2012, Plan CC has been actively measuring greenhouse gas emissions and developing options for mitigation strategies in Peru

Introduction

The Climate Change Planning Project (PlanCC) aims to contribute to the transition of Peru towards low emission development. Led by the Peruvian Government, the PlanCC project seeks to incorporate the variable of climate change into the planning of the country's development.

Tranisitioning towards a low emission development pathway is essential for reducing carbon emissions and thereby the severity of future climate change, which if left unchecked will undermine all efforts to adapt.

The Government of Peru held the Presidency of the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in 2014 and played a leading role in the diplomatic preparations for the following year’s historic Paris climate change summit.  This video, which is the first in a series of CDKN short films, documents and celebrates the Peruvian national process to – in the words of former Environment Minister Manuel Pulgar Vidal – take steps toward a ‘carbon neutral economy’.

Peru’s national process included building an evidence base on the sources of greenhouse gas emissions and mapping out options to reduce or avoid further emissions – all while working to eradicate poverty, enhance quality of life and protect forests and ecosystems. The process is called ‘Plan CC’* and it provided the building blocks for Peru’s Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC

*Plan CC is a project led by several Peruvian government departments. The technical coordination is undertaken by Libélula and the financial support comes from the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and CDKN.

Approach

Plan CC has been measuring current greenhouse emissions in Peru and modelling future emissions and the effects of climate change since 2012. This first phase produced 77 mitigation options. The options take in the wide range of activities that will be needed across Peru’s diverse environments – from the megacity of its capital Lima into the Amazonia region and high Andes.

Find out more about Phase I here.

The second phase of Plan CC worked with decision-makers to put forward innovative solutions that could meet this potential for mitigation. The project sought to incorporate climate change into planning processes at a national level as well as at a regional level. For example, the project has developed approaches to encourage reforestation through providing locals with alternatives to destructive farming and timber cutting practices – forest clearance is one of the country’s primary sources of greenhouse gas emissions and sustainable forest management provides one of the leading climate and development solutions.

Find out more about Phse II here and in the video below.

Plan CC’s study of Peru’s carbon footprint has also pinpointed the opportunities for Peruvian industry to adopt lower energy solutions – through efficiency measures –  and to use greener energy sources.

Outcomes and Impacts

The first phase of the project managed to build the necessary evidence to determine why Peru should promote low-emission development.

For this purpose, 77 proposals for technically feasible mitigation actions in the country were analyzed and five possible scenarios of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) were constructed by 2050.

The results served as input for the process of defining the INDCs (National Contributions) of Peru between 2014 and 2015.

Find more outputs from Phase I here.

Find outputs from Phase II here.