Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

The Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC) is part of the National Research Council (CNR). Over 200 staff members, postdoctoral researchers, and students conduct pure and applied research on atmospheric sciences and the climate system. Specific mission objectives are represented by the four divisions of the Institute that are oriented towards exerting a possibly unified research effort on the atmosphere and climate: Dynamic Meteorology, Climate Change, Earth Observations, Atmospheric Processes and a technical service structure: Field Facilities and Instrumentation.

In the CIRCE project the CNR co-coordinates Research Line 5 on the Water Cycle and is also involved in work in Research Line 4 (Scale Interactions and Feedback Processes), Research Line 6 (Extreme Events). as well as coordinating the Tuscany Case Study, part of Research Line 11.

three people installing mass balance stakes in a snowy mountain environment

Mountain observations: Monitoring, data, and information for science, policy, and society

Explore this easy-to-read overview of the current state of multi-disciplinary mountain observations. Discover the different methods used to observe mountain environments, as well as the diversity of knowledge and data sources available to learn from.

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CIRCE Foundation Paper Introduction

Foundatation paper on adaptation options and screening. Suggested approach views adaptation as a socio-institutional process of learning and change that needs to be supported in innovative ways

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CIRCE Foundation Paper Protoypes

Adaptation Prototypes
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CIRCE Foundation Paper Principles

Principles of Adaptation
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CIRCE Foundation Paper Process

CIRCE Foundation Paper - part 3: Adaptation as a Socio-Instiutional Learning Process

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CIRCE Foundation Paper Literature

CIRCE Foundation Paper - part 2:  Reviewing Key Adaptation Literature

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