Adaptation at Scale in Semi-Arid Regions

ASSAR’s overarching research objective is to use insights from multiple-scale, interdisciplinary work to improve the understanding of the barriers, enablers and limits to effective, sustained and widespread adaptation out to the 2030s. Working in a coordinated manner across seven countries in India, East Africa, West Africa and Southern Africa, ASSAR’s research is case study based and strives to integrate climatic, environmental, social and economic change. The dynamics of gender roles and relations form a particularly strong theme throughout our approach.

Each of ASSAR’s teams conducts regionally-relevant research focused on specific socio-ecological risks/dynamics that relate centrally to livelihood transitions, and access, use and management of land and water resources in water-stressed environments. Focal research themes in each region are: agro-intensification in West Africa; land and water access in East and Southern Africa; and land use, land cover and livelihood changes in India.

Over its five-year lifespan (2014-2018), the cross-regional comparison and integration of research findings will enable ASSAR to develop a unique and systemic understanding of the processes and factors that impede adaptation and cause vulnerability to persist.

Manual laborers in Maharashtra

Heat stress in Maharashtra, India

This policy brief examines the vulnerability of communities living in semi-arid Maharashtra to be negatively affected by heat-related stress and the increasing health implications thereof. 

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Life histories

Understanding vulnerabilities through life histories

This article demonstrates how life histories can provide a dynamic and robust methodology to understanding household responses to risks and livelihood vulnerabilities in the semi-arid India.

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Water budgeting board in Maharashtra

When adaptation barriers and enablers intersect

This report highlights findings of the interactions between barriers and enablers in four semi-arid regions, and how these interactions shape the underlying conditions for adaptation action.

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Conservancy North Kenya

Do conservancies enhance the adaptive capacity of communities?

Consevancies allow communities to benefit from and mange wildlife resource, however how they are formed  and by who affects their livelihoods and resilience of these communities.

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Gender in India

The gendered challenges of food security

This article provides key findings from ASSAR study sites in the semi-arid regions of Africa and India, where gender was found to have a large role in how food security is affected.

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