Adaptation at Scale in Semi-Arid Regions

ASSAR’s overarching research objective is to use insights from multiple-scale, interdisciplinary work to improve the understanding of the barriers, enablers and limits to effective, sustained and widespread adaptation out to the 2030s. Working in a coordinated manner across seven countries in India, East Africa, West Africa and Southern Africa, ASSAR’s research is case study based and strives to integrate climatic, environmental, social and economic change. The dynamics of gender roles and relations form a particularly strong theme throughout our approach.

Each of ASSAR’s teams conducts regionally-relevant research focused on specific socio-ecological risks/dynamics that relate centrally to livelihood transitions, and access, use and management of land and water resources in water-stressed environments. Focal research themes in each region are: agro-intensification in West Africa; land and water access in East and Southern Africa; and land use, land cover and livelihood changes in India.

Over its five-year lifespan (2014-2018), the cross-regional comparison and integration of research findings will enable ASSAR to develop a unique and systemic understanding of the processes and factors that impede adaptation and cause vulnerability to persist.

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Global warming of 1.5°C and higher brings profound challenges to semi-arid regions

This page collects together key messages and outputs from the ASSAR project relevant to global warming of 1.5°C and higher.

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Figure 1: Map of all ASSAR study countries.

Determining what global warming of 1.5°C and higher means

This article describes ASSAR's method for what global warming of 1.5°C and higher means for the semi-arid regions of Botswana, Namibia, Ghana, Mali, Kenya and Ethiopia.

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What global warming of 1.5°C and higher means for Ghana

Implications of 1.5°C+ for Ghana

This infographic illustrates the impacts of different levels of global warming for the local climate extremes and the vulnerable sectors of Ghana. 

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Manual laborers in Maharashtra

Heat stress in Maharashtra, India

This policy brief examines the vulnerability of communities living in semi-arid Maharashtra to be negatively affected by heat-related stress and the increasing health implications thereof. 

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Farm in Namibia

Religion and Tradition in Adaptation

Religion and tradition can act as barriers to the effective behavioural change needed for adaptation. However these can also be used to leverage local practices for better uptake of adaptation.

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Landscape india

hotspots for change in semi-arid India

This paper used satellite images and data to identify areas in semi-arid India that have experienced land use and land cover changes over the last 3 decades and explores their potential drivers

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