Ruth Butterfield

I am the director of the Stockholm Environment Insititue Oxford Centre. I am interested in how both physical and social systems cope with multiple challenges including climate and climate change. My areas of interest are climate change, agriculture, forestry, social and physical vulnerability, social learning and adaptation decision making.

50b790ef2d828health - climate adaptation.

ClimateCost- TPBN 5

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50b7860bbb9f3energy - climate adaptation.

ClimateCost- TPBN 4

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ClimateCost- TPBN 2

This briefing note provides an overview of a European-wide assessment of the impacts and economic costs of sea-level rise and an analysis of the costs and benefits of adaptation.

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50b763f292ee5extreme-outcomes-pic - climate adaptation.

ClimateCost- TPBN 1

Key Messages Analysis of the future impacts and economic costs of climate change requires climate models. These models require inputs of future greenhouse gas emissions, based on modelled...
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50b7555277414extreme-outcomes-pic - climate adaptation.

ClimateCost- TPBN 7

Key Messages Extreme outcomes refer to near-catastrophic events and processes that would push the climate system into undesirable states. While highly uncertain, major discontinuities of this...
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50b794b0448d5ancillary-air-quality-benefits - climate adaptation.

ClimateCost- TPBN 6

Key Messages Mitigation policy has a beneficial effect in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, because it introduces cleaner fuels and improves energy efficiency. These mitigation measures...
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