Following the adoption of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change in 2015, which has now entered into force after having been ratified by more than 55 parties, 2016 was noted by many as the year for implementation and action. Indeed, there is much to do and climate change is one of several crosscutting challenges facing the human population.
The resources collated here attempt to reflect the breadth of the Climate Change & Environment Network. They provide insights and learning on key topics in climate change mitigation, adaptation and sustainable development, and highlight areas for future research and policy development.
Note: The publication descriptions provided below are based on text included in the institutional description of the publication and the publication itself (including but not limited to the Foreword(s) and Executive Summary), and a review of the contents. This document is available to download from the right-hand column.
The Adaptation Gap Report 2016
Building on a previous report in 2014, the United Nations Environment Programme’s Adaptation Gap Report focuses on finance, technology and knowledge gaps in climate change adaptation. It also explores the implications of failing to limit global carbon emissions. The report assesses the financial costs for developing countries to adapt to climate change up to 2050, and compares this with the amount of money currently available to meet them under the Paris Agreement. It considers the options for addressing the current disparity between required and available funds, in particular the role of private finance in bridging this ‘gap’. It also details ways in which governments and businesses can work together to achieve better integration of adaptation practices. This report is relevant to those working in climate finance, national adaptation planning and international governance.
Access the report: http://drustage.unep.org/adaptationgapreport/2016
The Emissions Gap Report 2016
The United Nations Environment Programme “Emissions Gap Report” provides an independent scientific assessment of the current global greenhouse emissions trend based on individual countries’ actions and pledges, and compares this with the emissions trajectories consistent with the realization of 1.5 - 2 °C warming by the year 2100. It also details key options to bridge this emissions ‘gap’ in order to meet this goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, including the potential of non-state action and energy efficiency in enhancing the ambition associated with the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). This publication will be useful for those associated with and informing the INDCs, and those looking for synergies between climate change mitigation and the Sustainable Development Goals.
Access the report: http://web.unep.org/emissionsgap/resources
Summary of the sixth Global Environment Outlook GEO-6 regional assessments
The United Nations Environment Programme “Global Environmental Outlook” assessments review the regional priorities and the state of the environment for each of the six UNEP regions: Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, North America, and West Asia. They also document the main trends likely to affect the future environment of each region and the actions needed to progress towards a more sustainable future. This summary document provides, for each region, an overview of the region, the key lessons learnt from each assessment and policy-relevant messages for moving forwards. This publication will be of interest to those involved in national and international environmental and development policy and the funding and prioritization of regional activities.
Access the report: https://wedocs.unep.org/rest/bitstreams/11448/retrieve
Global Gender and Environment Outlook
Acknowledging the pervasive threat that gender inequality poses to sustainable development, the United Nations Environment Programme “Global Gender and Environment Outlook” examines the links between gender and the environment. It assesses the gender-dependence of social forces impacting the environment, the degree to which the impacts of ongoing and future environmental changes are gender-differentiated, what actions would enable women and men to have equal weighting in achieving progress towards a sustainable future, and which socio-economic aspects result in gender-differentiated outcomes. This publication will be of interest and use to those involved in all aspects of climate adaptation, development and the realization of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Access the report: https://wedocs.unep.org/rest/bitstreams/10981/retrieve
GrEEEn Solutions for Liveable Cities
Building on experience from projects in 11 cities across Southeast Asia the Asian Development Bank book on “GREEEN Solutions for Livable Cities” presents an integrated, flexible and scalable approach to address some of the challenges affecting the quality of life of city residents, with a focus on Economic competitiveness, Environmental sustainability and social Equity. It provides a framework, practical solutions and good practice for sustainable urban development planning, including the use of low-carbon technologies, enabling institutional structures, innovative financing, responsive governance and policy reform. This book will be useful for those involved in, funding and/or advising on urban planning and development, and urban adaptation to climate change.
Access the book: https://www.adb.org/publications/greeen-solutions-livable-cities
Confronting Drought in Africa’s Drylands: Opportunities for Enhancing Resilience
This book, published by the World Bank Group, provides an analysis of current and future drivers of vulnerability and resilience in dryland regions. It identifies promising interventions over the medium-term (the next two decades) that would increase the resilience of people living in dryland regions of West and East Africa to drought and other shocks, and quantifies their likely costs and benefits. This includes an appraisal of the opportunities and challenges associated with various agricultural systems in these regions, and with ecosystem and market-based approaches, social protection and disaster risk reduction. It also describes the policy trade-offs to be addressed when devising drylands development strategies. This book will be useful to those involved in local to regional adaptation and development planning and implementation in the dryland regions of Africa.
Access the book: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/23576
Options for Results Monitoring and Evaluation for Resilience Building Operations
This paper, published by the World Bank Group, provides a synthesis and illustrative overview of recent and ongoing work being undertaken on disaster and climate resilience monitoring and evaluation (M&E), including examples of M&E systems and efforts to build capacity for M&E for climate and disaster resilience projects. The paper describes the overarching objectives and components of M&E in this area, including “principles, results frameworks, indicators and evaluation”. It also identifies emerging lessons from early applications of M&E and the keys steps required to develop M&E systems for resilience-building initiatives. This paper will be useful to all those informing the funding, design, implementation and evaluation of projects, programmes and initiatives aimed at climate and disaster resilience building and climate change adaptation.
Access the paper: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/24206
Towards zero-emission efficient and resilient buildings Global Status Report 2016
This first Global Status Report on zero-emission, efficient and resilient buildings provides data on current energy consumption and use patterns by the building sector globally and how this is factored into the National Determined Contributions and ambitions of cities and the private sector. The report details: key sustainable building policy developments; building technology solutions; investment and finance options to support sector transformation; pathways towards sustainable buildings; and identifies key priorities for action. It will be followed by annual updates that will enable the tracking of progress in the global transition towards low-emission, resilient real estate. It will be of interest to those working in climate change mitigation and sustainable development at the urban to national level.
Access the report: https://wedocs.unep.org/rest/bitstreams/45611/retrieve
Pursuing the 1.5°C Limit: Benefits and Opportunities
This report, published by the United Nations Development Programme and the Climate Vulnerable Forum, identifies the implications, opportunities and possible benefits (global and regional) of limiting global warming to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels. It “draws on world leading climate analysis to illustrate the potential benefits from clean, green and climate resilient forms of development”, and demonstrates how the success and price effectiveness of renewable energy means that sustainable development is already achievable. It also explores benefits and opportunities. This report will be of interest to those working at all levels of development and climate change mitigation, particularly those looking at sustainable economic growth and employment.
Independent Power Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons from Five Key Countries
Independent power projects (IPPs) are now present in 18 Sub-Saharan countries and present an important source of investment their power sectors. This book evaluates the experience of IPPs in Sub-Saharan Africa to date, and identifies lessons that can help African countries to attract greater and better private investment. It looks at five in-depth case studies in Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda, all of which have extensive experience with IPPs. The core of this unprecedented analysis explores whether IPPs have actually benefitted the region, and how they might be improved. It also highlights the challenges facing policy makers and the factors contributing towards healthy investment climates. This book will be of interest to those working to improve energy access and security in developing contexts, and to increasing investment in renewable energy.
Access the book: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/23970