Oxfam Climate Change Adaptation Case Studies

Submitted by Andrew Maclean | published 31st Mar 2011 | last updated 31st Mar 2011

Haiti "A Gathering Storm"

This report looks at climate change and poverty in Haiti. Climate change is more than an environmental challenge – it is also a development challenge that calls for urgent action. Summary included here.  

Climate change, development and energy problems in South Africa

In South Africa, we already see changes in species distribution patterns, and indications of changes to wind and rainfall patterns. Respected scientists such as Dr. James Hansen warn that the point of no return is almost upon us — the point at which Earth experiences runaway climate change — and we will be powerless to prevent it. What happens then? This report outlines the impacts that can be expected of climate change to both natural environments and human populations. 

Turning up the heat; climate change and poverty in Uganda

This report examines the impacts of climate changes on agriculture, on pastoralism and on health and water. Climate shocks undermine health and well-being, the economy and the overall development of the country. Food insecurity in Uganda is a major challenge and climate shocks are making food insecurity worse. Impacts are greatest on the lives of ordinary people, and especially women, frustrating their efforts to overcome poverty.

Climate Change, Poverty and Environmental Crisis in the Disaster Prone Areas of Pakistan

The study's aim was to review community perceptions of the impact of global warming and recommend coping mechanisms for affected communities. The findings will support different organisations and institutions to initiate adaptation programmes. This report has helped Oxfam GB to initiate an adaptation programme in the coastal communities of Pakistan. Summary included here

Reaching Tipping Point? Climate change and poverty in Tajikistan

This report is based on interviews undertaken in communities in Spitamen and Ganchi in the north and Vose, Fakhor, and Temurmalik in the south in October 2009. It gives an insight into how poor men and women are experiencing climate change, and what challenges they are currently facing - and will continue to face in the future. It makes recommendations on what needs to happen to help them cope better with climate change. Summary here

The Rain Doesn't Come On Time Anymore; Poverty, vulnerability, and climate variability in Ethiopia

In 2009, Oxfam commissioned research on climate variability in four administrative areas in Ethiopia. The report sets out to answer three fundamental questions: Do Ethiopian farmers and pastoralists perceive changes in weather patterns?; How have farmers and pastoralists been coping with and adapting to these changes in weather patterns?; What policy recommendations emerge from these specific case studies that will increase the resilience of poor men and women in Ethiopia? Summary here

Bolivia: Climate Change, Poverty and Adaptation

Full article. In July 2009, a team of Oxfam researchers travelled to three areas of Bolivia (Trinidad in Beni, the Cochabamba valleys and Khapi under Mount Illimani, in La Paz) to take a snapshot of how poor families are experiencing the changing climate, and how they are adapting to it. Summary

Jasmine Rice in the Weeping Plain: Adapting Rice Farming to Climate Change in Northern Thailand

Full text article. Oxfam supports communities and organisations around the world that are already developing the tools and techniques that can be used to adapt to global warming. This case study is one in a series that highlights some of this work to assist programme practitioners in sharing and learning on climate change adaptation.

In 2007, after the Yasathorn Province in Northeastern Thailand experienced its longest rainy-season dry spell in decades, Oxfam along with partners Earth Net Foundation decided to take action to safeguard the livelihoods of the region’s farmers. Summary here. 

Climate change, poverty and the environment in Malawi

This report gathers people’s observations of climate change in Malawi and what it means for their lives and livelihoods. They describe rising temperatures, longer drier seasons and more intense and concentrated rainfall. The report shows how global warming interacts with poverty and environmental pressures to create a spiral into vulnerability. Women in particular suffer, having to spend even more time growing food and gathering increasingly scarce water and wood. Furthermore, anything that worsens food insecurity is liable to add both to migration and to pressures to sell sex that contribute to the spread of HIV and AIDS. Summary here

Climate Change, Poverty and Adaptation in Nepal

This report highlights that poor crop yields, water shortages and more extreme temperatures are pushing rural villagers closer to the brink as climate change grips Nepal. Farmers say changing weather patterns have dramatically affected crop production, leaving them unable to properly feed themselves and getting into debt. Summary here.