How is CCA Approached Globally?

Submitted by Andrew Maclean | published 30th Mar 2011 | last updated 6th Oct 2020

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

 The UNFCCC is the multi-lateral mechanism tasked with co-ordinating international action on climate change. Institutionally, interest in CCA began with the first meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in Berlin in 1995. Since this first meeting, work has been slow to progress. The Thirteenth Conference of the Parties, held in Bali 2007, and later meetings have now cemented adaptation’s place in the international negotiations for a post-2012 treaty, but much work still has to be done. Most recently, in negotiations leading up to Copenhagen in 2009 (COP15), Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) has featured more prominently, as policy makers and practitioners recognise DRR as an effective approach to climate change adaptation.

National Communications

As part of the UNFCCC, countries are required to report on steps that they are taking in order to address climate change (mitigation) and its adverse impacts (adaptation).10 Submitted reports are called National Communications, and the chapter dedicated to adaptation contains information on climate-related disaster effects and responses, health, environmental problems such as coastal erosion and water management, and financial services such as insurance. National Communications can act as an important catalyst for countries to begin mainstreaming adaptation into development planning.

National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs)

In 2001, at the Seventh Conference of Parties held in Morocco, a decision was made to provide financial and technical assistance to the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to help them to identify priority activities to respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change. The main content of the National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) is a list of ranked priority adaptation activities and projects, as well as short profiles of each activity or project, designed to facilitate the development of proposals for implementation of the NAPA. However, to date, only a small number of projects outlined in the NAPAs have been funded.

The Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA)

The HFA is a ten-year strategy (2005-2015) to reduce disaster risk that was agreed in Hyogo, Kobe, Japan in 2005, by 168 governments. The Framework aims for ‘the substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and in the social, economic, and environmental assets of communities and countries.’ As part of its text, governments agreed to integrate CCA and DRR through: the identification of climate-related disaster risks; the design of specific risk-reduction measures; and the improved and routine use of climate-risk information by planners, engineers, and other decision makers.


Source: Introduction to Climate Change Adaptation: A Learning Companion. Oxfam Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation Resources