Ghana National Climate Change Policy Action Programme for Implementation: 2015–2020

Submitted by Chris Gordon | published 25th May 2016 | last updated 10th Jan 2020
ghana master plan 0 - climate adaptation.


Climate change is a global challenge that requires a concerted effort by all nations to address its causes and effects. Ghana’s integrated response to climate change is the National Climate Change Policy (NCCP), which provides a clearly defined pathway for dealing with the challenges of climate change. The Policy takes account of the current socioeconomic context of Ghana and incorporates the opportunities and benefits of a green economy.

The National Climate Change Policy addresses the four major areas of concern related to climate change and climate variability in Ghana: 

  1. Increasing greenhouse gas emissions and loss of carbon sinks; 
  2. Increasing temperatures;
  3. Rainfall variability leading to extreme and unpredictable events; and 
  4. Sea-level rise.

The NCCP process further identified ten Policy Focus Areas for addressing Ghana’s climate change challenges and opportunities. Each of these areas has a number of specific programmes for addressing the critical actions necessary to achieve the desired objectives. The Policy Focus Areas are:

  1. Develop climate-resilient agriculture and food security systems;
  2. Build climate-resilient infrastructure;
  3. Increase resilience of vulnerable communities to climate-related risks;
  4. Increase carbon sinks;
  5. Improve management and resilience of terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems;
  6. Address the impact of climate change on human health;
  7. Minimize the impact of climate change on access to water and sanitation;
  8. Address gender issues in climate change;
  9. Address climate change and migration; and
  10. Minimize greenhouse gas emissions.

The NCCP Action Programme for Implementation* includes the details of initiatives and programmes to achieve the objectives of each Policy Focus Area. It details the mainstreaming process; the estimated costing for each sector and monitoring and evaluation; and outlines financing mechanisms and strategies for effective implementation. It will serve as a guide to future national development planning framework to ensure that Ghana has a climate resilient economy to ensure low carbon development.

*download the full text from the right-hand column.