The Economic Costs of Climate Change in Africa

Submitted by Sukaina Bharwani | published 25th Mar 2011 | last updated 13th Jan 2020

 

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This report looks into the likely implications of climate change in Africa plotted against different global temperature rise scenarios. The economic overview took in livelihood issues such as agriculture, health, biodiversity, water security and tourism, as well as costs of adaptation options, mitigation ambitions, and culminated in policy recommendations. Africa is already feeling the hard realities of climate change with extensive droughts having terrible impacts on nomadic agriculture and temperature rise allowing tsetse fly to breed and malaria to spread into areas not previously affected. Africa's population contributes marginally to the production of greenhouse gases and yet it is being impacted far more harshly than the developed countries that as yet have barely checked their prolific release. As Africa includes some of the world's poorest nations, its resilience to combat weather-related disasters and climatic uncertainty is far from strong.

The report clarifies available evidence and presents strong recommendations for compensation and for emissions targets from developed nations. It calls for:

  • Emissions cuts by developed countries of 45% by 2020 and 85 to 95% by 2050 relative to pre-1990 levels
  • Provision of adaptation funds of US$10 million per year immediately increasing to US$30 million by 2030
  • Continued and improved modelling and forecasting specifically looking at Africa

The full report can be be found here