Theme:

Climate Adaptation Resource Guide for Dryland & Semi-Arid Areas

The dryland and semi-arid regions of Africa and Asia already experience harsh climates and these conditions are expected to intensify over the course of the coming decades.

Hundreds of millions of people live in these areas, and these changing climates could amplify their vulnerability and compromise their livelihoods and well-being.

This resource guide highlights some of the research and learning for these climate change hotspots, with annotations from ASSAR academics to help guide you to the most relevant and useful information for your work.

ASSAR is a 5 year research project, which examines the dynamics and drivers of climate vulnerability across the Africa and Asia drylands, while exploring ways to promote the resilience of people, local organisations and governments. ASSAR’s work is centred on governance, ecosystem services, and social differentiation, aiming to promote policies and practices that are effective, widespread and sustained.

ASSAR is one of the 4 CARIAA consortia, funded by IDRC and DFID. The views expressed in this work are those of the creators and do not necessarily represent those of DFID and IDRC or its Board of Governors.

Join the Theme Climate Adaptation Resource Guide for Dryland & Semi-Arid Areas

Joining will allow Theme-specific content to appear on your personal homepage

Add Resource

Do you have resources to add to this guide? Use the "Add Resource" form:

Add Resource
Category:

Trends and Projections

Semi-arid regions are climate change hotspots, areas deemed particularly vulnerable to climate change.  Already climatically stressed with high temperatures, low rainfall and long dry seasons, the stressors are set to intensify as the climate changes. Climate models project future warming to be exaggerated for many dryland areas, often with more variable rainfall. Understanding what the science tells us about the uniqueness of the challenges facing the semi-arid regions is key to effectively adapting.

Thumbnail Photo Credit: @Becky McCray, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

The economic impact of climate change in Namibia

The economic impact of climate change in Namibia: how climate change will affect the contribution of Namibia’s natural resources to its economy.

Read Article
South Asian Monsoon, Photo credit: @jankie, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Will the South Asian monsoon overturning circulation stabilize any further?

There is an observed decrease in moderate and heavy rain events over the Western Ghats; these declines could significantly impact downstream communities.

Read Article
Photo credit: @NASA's Earth Observatory, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Urban precipitation extremes: How reliable are regional climate models?

Four (of 57) urban areas in India showed a statistically significant increase in the maximum monsoon rainfall.

Read Article
Photo credit: @Kelly Underwood, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Impact of ENSO and the Indian Ocean Dipole on the north-east monsoon rainfall of Tamil Nadu State in India

El-Niño years have been shown to increase the amount of rainfall recieved by Tamil Nadu during the Northeast Monsoon; conversely below average rainfall occurs during the Northeast monsoon in La Niñ

Read Article
Category:

Adaptation Options

Accustomed to harsh and variable climates, people living in semi-arid regions already employ various risk management and coping strategies to manage the pressures on their livelihoods and wellbeing. Case studies of recent adaptation programmes can also contribute to global learning on effective, widespread and sustained adaptation in the semi-arid regions.

Thumbnail Photo Credit: @sanjitbakshi, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Third National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

This document looks at how climate change impact has an impact on Namibian natural resources and climate science and what possible mitigation measures can be taken.

Read Article
Thumbnail Photo Credit: Curt Carnemark / World Bank
Article

Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change in Africa

This study examines the impact of climate change on indigenous people and their strategies for adapting to climate change.

Read Article
Thumbnail Photo Credit: @SarahTz, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Farm level adaptation to climate change: the case of farmers in the Ethiopian highlands

In Ethiopia, climate change related risks are expected to have serious consequences for agriculture and food security.

Read Article
Thumbnail Photo Credit: Shona Maguire, 2015
Article

Drought cycle management in arid and semi-arid Kenya: a relevant disaster risk reduction model? An empirical study of Garissa, Marsabit, Samburu and Wajir

Drought cycle management in arid and semi-arid Kenya: a relevant disaster risk reduction model? An empirical study of Garissa, Marsabit, Samburu and Wajir.

Read Article
A man collects fodder for his cattle in polluted Varthur Lake: (Author 2015)
Article

'Climate change risk responses in East African cities: need, barriers and opportunities', current opinion in Environmental Sustainability

‘Climate change risk responses in East African cities: need, barriers and opportunities’, current opinion in Environmental Sustainability 3(3): 176-180. Argues that in the time of climate

Read Article
Thumbnail Photo Credit: @Celia Schubert, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Addressing uncertainty in adaptation planning for agriculture

Severe pressures on the agricultural resources base interacting with increasingly intensive climate change suggest there may be a need for larger-scale systematic and transformative changes.

Read Article
Thumbnail Photo Credit: Brendan Cox / Oxfam, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Climate change adaptation and mitigation initiatives for agriculture in East Africa

A report describing the political economy of the East Africa region (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) in relation to climate change adaptation and mitigation initiatives for agriculture.

Read Article
Category:

Ecosystems

Ecosystems services - which can be product-based, process-related, cultural and ecosystem-supporting - offer direct and indirect contributions to human wellbeing. In the semi-arid regions of Africa and Asia, people are particularly dependent on ecosystem services given that communities are characteristically poor with limited access to public services and livelihood opportunities. By harnessing ecosystem services, such communities have evolved lifestyles and traditions that enable their survival even when conditions are harsh. Recently, however, the integrity of ecosystems in these areas has been compromised by rapid growth in the human population, inadequate or unsustainable governance of resources, and the increasing intensity and severity of climate extremes.

Photo credit:@Shiraz Chakera, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Pastoralism and ecosystem-based adaptation in Kenya Masailand’

The paper presents findings of a study that assessed the drought coping and risk mitigation strategies of Masai households in Kenya.

Read Article
Category:

Knowledge & Communications

Understanding what makes information about climate change understood, relevant and useful is key to it becoming knowledge, and to it being taken up and used for effective, sustained and widespread adaptation. Knowledge is transferred among different social groups through different knowledge systems. Well-functioning systems that enable learning and sharing about vulnerability, impact and adaptation underpin our ability to adapt to climate change, allow information to be used for decision making at different levels of governance, and ultimately facilitate adaptation action.

Road in Kenya
Article

Evaluating accessibility and usability of dissemination pathways for delivering climate information and services to vulnerable groups in semi-arid Kenya

Second RUFORUM Biennial meeting 20 – 24 September 2010, Entebbe, Uganda. Highlights the importance of climate information services in supporting climate change adaptation.

Read Article
Category:

Gender & Social Differentiation

Climate change affects different people in different ways. While the harm caused by an impact is partly dependent on the event itself, the risks and vulnerabilities faced by people, households and communities are often socially-differentiated (e.g., by gender, ethnicity, age, wealth). This means that a person’s agency, and ability to respond and adapt to both climatic and non-climatic risks, is affected by a complex mix of structural and institutional arrangements, gender relations, inequalities, and norms and traditions. Understanding this complexity is not only essential to ensuring that adaptation is sustainable and successful, but also that it is equitable and does not compromise people’s wellbeing.

Front page
Article

Linking Population, Fertility and Family Planning with adaptation to Climate Change: Views From Ethiopia

This report identified increased vulnerability to water and crop shortages in both rural and urban Ethiopia according to age and gender.

Read Article
Thumbnail Photo Credit: @WorldFish Photo by CBFM-Fem Com Bangladesh, 2006
Article

Is adaptation to climate change gender neutral?

This paper looks at gendered aspects of both vulnerability to climate change as well as gendered aspects of adaptation in Mali.

Read Article
Category:

Governance

By considering what decisions are made, who makes them and in which ways, the understanding of governance offers key insights into climate change adaptation. A better awareness of governance systems and processes thus enables a deeper understanding of the vulnerabilities that are created during the development process, and offers a lever to mitigate such vulnerabilities and build adaptive capacities.

Future Proofing Indian Cities. Photo Credit: @Alex Graves Flickr Creative Commons
Article

Future Proofing Indian Cities, Final Urban Diagnostics for Bangalore.

This report reviews existing and future risks Bangalore, a rapidly growing city, faces, with a focus on how climate changes plays out to exacerbate vulnerabilities.

Read Article
Thumbnail Phot Credit: @TREEAID, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Comparative Assessment of Decentralization in Africa: Final Report and Summary of Findings

This is a comparative report that draws on 10 national level desk studies to assess the status of government decentralization in Africa, Ghana and Mali are included in the desk studies.

Read Article
Thumbnail Photo Credit: @David Stanley, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Water implications of foreign direct investment in Ethiopia’s agricultural sector

It is apparent that water availaibility is a strong driver of the recent surge of investments in agricultural land globally, and in general the investments occur in countries with significant ‘unta

Read Article
Thumbnail Photo Credit: @Oxfam International, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

Pastoralism and the green economy – a natural nexus?

The report describes the growing interest in the green economy and the huge potential of pastoralism to contribute to the delivery of sustainable outcomes.

Read Article
Photo Credit: DFID/Nick Cunard, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

From Margins to Mainstream? State Climate Change Planning in India as a 'Door Opener' to a Sustainable Future

In this paper, Dubash and Jogesh analyse climate action plans for five states in India.

Read Article
Photo credit: @sandeepachetan.com, Flickr, Creative Commons
Article

India Development Report (2012–13)

There has been an increase in the rate of economic growth in India in the last two decades.

Read Article
Thumbnail photo credit: Albert Gonzalez Farran / UNAMID
Article

USAID East Africa Regional Conflict and Instability Assessment - Final Report

Describes some of the key trends and drivers of conflict and instability in the East African region.

Read Article

Participating Organisations

Members

360 - climate adaptation.

Holly Buschman

Principal Sustainability
360 - climate adaptation.

Monique Kagaga

Monitoring and Evaluation Expert
photo 0 - climate adaptation.

wedzerai Mandudzo

PhD researcher
360 - climate adaptation.

Nicholas Molyneux

Climate Change Expert at UNICEF
win 20180517 15 11 48 pro - climate adaptation.

Henry Mukiibi

Sub-program Manager
e03aedb0-d0ce-45cd-b7c9-29a64ef9cf1f - climate adaptation.

OSK REDDY

Chief Functionary - GUESS at GREEN BUSINESS PROJECTS, at Eco Green
360 - climate adaptation.

Cinde Donoghue

Natural Resource Scientist
360 - climate adaptation.

Isabelle Bremaud

Resilience Advisor
360 - climate adaptation.

AMOS PENDAEL

AN INTERN
360 - climate adaptation.

Hanna Albrecht

Advisor at GIZ

Pages