Community-Based Adaptation in practice: A global overview of CARE’s practice of Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) to climate change

Submitted by Sally King | published 21st Aug 2014 | last updated 17th Mar 2020
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A collection of 16 CARE International CBA case studies

This report outlines the practical lessons learned by CARE about Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) to climate change, and explores how elements of the approach are evolving and being integrated into other development sectors.

Drawing on analysis of 16 CBA project examples from Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean, the report presents case studies illustrating the four main strategies of CARE's CBA framework: promotion of climate-resilient livelihoods; disaster risk reduction; local capacity development; and advocacy and social mobilisation.

The report also looks at the bigger picture of CBA in practice, including: an economic rational for CBA; CBA, food security and migration; joint principles for adaptation (including a tool that can link CBA activities to national-level advocacy); and working in an NGO consortium. It concludes by consolidating the good practice lessons learned and drawing out the implications for practitioners and for CARE's climate change tools and resources.

Selected Case Studies


Protecting coastal livelihoods in Thailand

CBA Planning in Vietnam

From slave to community leader in Nepal

CBA and DRR in Bangladesh

Latin America

Traditional knowledge for CBA in Nicaragua

Sustainalble livestock production in Cuba

Protecting high mountain wetlands in Ecuador


Farmer field schools in Mozambique

Community Adaptation Planning in Niger

Participatory scenario planning in Kenya

CBA and resilience-building in Ethiopia

Suggested citation

King, S. 2014. Community-based adaptation in practice: A global overview of CARE International’s practice of Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) to climate change. CARE International UK.

Further resources