Theme:

Using Climate Information

"Useable" knowledge and information about climate change is crucial for climate action.

In order to be successful, adaptation strategies need to make use of the best available climate information, including assessments of recent climatic trends and projected future climate change that may be experienced in the years to come. 

The climate information needed by local level communities and national governments includes how climate variables such as temperature and rainfall, and the timing and severity of storms and climate extremes may change. In order to be both useful and used, this information needs to be timely, high quality, relevant and accessible. Meeting these needs is the focus of an emerging field called climate services, which aims to bridge the gap between climate science, policy and practice for adaptation decision-making and disaster resilience.

This theme provides some basic climate science background, guidance for understanding and using climate data, insights for effectively communicating climate change, research and examples of how climate information can be integrated into decision-making across levels, and knowledge for the design, implementation and evaluation of effective climate services. You can use the Tandem online guidance for the co-design of climate services  tool to take an interactive journey through climate services resources on weADAPT.

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Category:

Climate Science

Climate science is a vast and complicated area of research. If you are not a climate scientist or meteorologist yourself but you need to engage them and/or the data and the information they produce, then it may be useful to familiarise yourself with some basics of the science of climate change. This category contains some basic climate science background, including frequently asked questions (FAQs) from the IPCC and climate projections and their interpretation.

climate change scenarios primer
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Climate Change Scenario Primer

This interactive primer explains what climate change scenarios are and how they are connected to socioeconomics, energy and land use, emissions, climate change and climate impacts.

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Building capacity for risk management in a changing climate
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Building capacity for risk management in a changing climate

This Raising Risk Awareness (RRA) project analyses the role of climate change in affecting the hydrological regimes of Kenya, Ethiopia, India and Bangladesh. 

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Can Individual Extreme Events be Explained by Greenhouse Warming?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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Are the Increases in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Other Greenhouse Gases During the Industrial Era Caused by Human Activities?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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How are Temperatures on Earth Changing?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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How do Human Activities Contribute to Climate Change and How do They Compare with Natural Influences?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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If Emissions of Greenhouse Gases are Reduced, How Quickly do Their Concentrations in the Atmosphere Decrease?

IPCC FAQ 10.3: This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1

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What Factors Determine Earth’s Climate?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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Can the Warming of the 20th Century be Explained by Natural Variability?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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Article

Climate science, projections and interpretation

Climate Projections The Climate Systems Analysis Group at the University of Cape Town are the lead weADAPT organisation working on climate modelling and climate science. CSAG use a process of...
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Article

Climate model uncertainty

Introduction These notes have been collated from presentations given by Bruce Hewitson, Mark Tadross and David Stainforth, some of which can be found at the end of this page, and notes taken at the...
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Article

Climate Science Vocabulary

This is the list of vocabulary which participants in the April 2008 ACCCA Training of Trainers workshop on Climate Analysis felt it would be useful to define. Albedo The fraction of solar radiation...
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How Reliable Are the Models Used to Make Projections of Future Climate Change?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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Article

Is the Current Climate Change Unusual Compared to Earlier Changes in Earth’s History?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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Article

What Caused the Ice Ages and Other Important Climate Changes Before the Industrial Era?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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Is Sea Level Rising?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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Is the Amount of Snow and Ice on the Earth Decreasing?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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Has there been a Change in Extreme Events like Heat Waves, Droughts, Floods and Hurricanes?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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How is Precipitation Changing?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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Climate Science: Frequently Asked Questions from the IPCC

Some basics of the science of climate change.

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Do Projected Changes in Climate Vary from Region to Region?

IPCC FAQ 11.1 - This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1

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Article

What is the Greenhouse Effect?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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What is the Relationship between Climate Change and Weather?

This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1 (see full reference...
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How Likely are Major or Abrupt Climate Changes, such as Loss of Ice Sheets or Changes in Global Ocean Circulation?

IPCC FAQ 10.2This material is extracted from the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) section of the Fourth Assessment Report of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group 1

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Category:

Accessing Managing and Using Climate Information

Climate information plays a central role in the planning and development of robust adaptation strategies at all levels, and in advising decision- or policy-makers on climate-sensitive matters. Here, you will find information on and examples of how to access, manage and use climate information, including an 8-step guidance on using the linked resources available in weADAPT and the Climate Information Portal (CIP) developed by the Climate Systems Analysis Group (CSAG), at the University of Cape Town, and information on how to use downscaled climate data and how to handle climate model uncertainty.

farmer
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Accessing and Using Climate Data and Information in Fragile, Data-Poor States

This report provides peacebuilding practitioners with guidance for accessing and using climate data and information in fragile contexts.

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The Climate Information Platform

This article provides a background to the Climate Information Platform, which replaces the Climate Change Explorer (CCE).

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Climate guidance - step-by-step
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Using climate information to support adaptation planning and policy-making: A practical case study in Bagamoyo District, coastal Tanzania.

This case study in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania, highlights how climate information can be used to support adaptation planning and policy-making in the rural agricultral sector. 

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Climate Data Capture and Management in the Lake Chilwa Basin: Status, Challenges and Opportunities

This study analysed the capacity of 20 weather observation stations in providing reliable and adequate climate data for effective climate change adaptation in the Lake Chilwa Basin, Malawi.

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Fractal Cloud of Word
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Framework for needs-informed research: assessing climate processes

This paper presents a framework for needs-informed research aimed at understanding the climate processes driving the African climate system's natural variability and response to global change.

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Case Study

CIP-weADAPT integration continues with new dynamic visualisation of climate data

This month marks the launch of the new Climate Information Platform (CIP). In many ways the new platform has been a clean sheet redesign of many aspects of the old portal. One of the key changes has...
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Climate guidance - step-by-step
Article

Using climate information to support adaptation planning and policy-making: A case study in Cape Town, South Africa

This case study in a suburb of the city of Cape Town, South Africa, highlights how climate information can be used to support land use management.

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4f2fad4edd8c2cip-screenshot-size-of-cmip-3-gridcells-over-tanzania - climate adaptation.
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Introduction to climate modelling

Climate Modelling Basically, climate modelling involves converting theories of atmospheric physics, solar radiation, phase state physics, etc. into mathematical formulas that can be solved by a...
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50323a0c37ab3dilapidated-weather-station-malawi - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Climate Data Capture and Management in the Lake Chilwa Basin: Status, Challenges and Opportunities

[Placemark] This study analysed the capacity of 20 weather observation stations in providing reliable and adequate climate data for effective climate change adaptation in the Lake Chilwa Basin.

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Photo by Robert Wallace
Case Study

A guide to using CIP in analysing historical and future rainfall patterns

This is a theoretical case study representing a guide in how to use CIP in analysing historical and future rainfall patterns in the Swartland region in South Africa.

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Article

Using downscaled climate data

Rainfall anomalies for Juba, South Sudan To develop suitable adaptation strategies it is important to build up an understanding of what the climate is in the area you are living in and/or working in...
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understanding and interpreting global climate model results
Article

How to understand and interpret global climate model results

Guide targeted at decision-makers to enable them to interpret the various plots, graphs and maps that are used to present global climate model projections.

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51cd6a470024c51c311638b1cfa-vegetable-farmer-in-philippi - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Using climate information to support adaptation planning and policy-making: Cape Town

A vegetable farmer in Philippi, a suburb of Cape Town, South Africa. Source: FLICKR/KOSMOSELEEVIKE This case study focuses on the climate dimensions of land use management and zoning in a suburb of...
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Category:

Climate Change Communication

Effective climate communication is essential for increasing the awareness and acknowledgement of climate risks and the uptake of climate services, from helping communities understand how climate change will impact their lives to getting buy-in for climate-relevant initiatives from decision- and policy-makers across scales. The content included here provides good practice insights for how to communicate various aspects of climate change, such as how to communicate climate uncertainty and novel ways in which to convey climate impacts (e.g. the IMPACT@C web-atlas).

"Young voices" video presented at the 2019 European Climate Change Adaptation conference
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A youth's call for climate action – “Young Voices” video project

This blog has been contributed by Julia Bentz, a postdoc researcher at the Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (ce3c), University of Lisbon, Portugal.

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Article

Climate and Syria: did the media get it right?

During 2015 the media started connecting climate change with the conflict in Syria and subsequent refugee movements across Europe. This report looks at their appraoch and whether they got it right.

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Rural Nepal
Case Study

Using Mobile Phones to Reduce the Adversities of Climate Change in Rural Nepal

The initiative aims to build resilience by improving the livelihood assets of vulnerable communities, and the work reported here focuses on the rural communities around South-Central Nepal.

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ICT in India
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Climate Change Adaptation: Services and Role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in India

ICTs can play a crucial role in supporting public outreach, building a data base, creating awareness for the adaptation against the impact of climate change.

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cyclone
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Communicating climate change attribution: A toolkit for raising risk awareness

A new toolkit from the Raising Risk Awareness project aims to help journalists and communicators report on the linkages between climate change and extreme weather events.

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Digital storytelling
Case Study

Our Valuable Voices: Community Digital Storytelling for Good Programming and Policy Engagement

Read about the storytelling project with the Cham fisherwomen and men in Vietnam which was the first time CARE Vietnam had used Community Digital Storytelling.

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google earth
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The weADAPT Adaptation Layer for Google Earth

Working with Google Foundation the prototype has been redesigned to be an integral part of the weADAPT platform for climate change adaptation.

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weadapt
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Visualizing connections: Mapping the landscape of adaptation research and practice through weADAPT

This working paper describes a collaborative project to visually map climate change adaptation research and networks based on semantic tagging in weADAPT.        

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weADAPT logo
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Global Climate Change Adaptation Network

An outline of the network is given below, and the full discussion paper can be downloaded.

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Silve lake
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From Adaptation Knowledge Networks to Adaptation Stories

Objectives for improving dissemination of climate adaptation information.

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Copyright: Paul Townsend
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Communicating flood risks in a changing climate: nine principles for promoting public engagement

This guide and webinar is a resource for practitioners from field staff to policy makers to use when engaging the public around flooding and wider climate impacts. 

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Audiovisual Tools for Community-Based Adaptation
Case Study

Audiovisual Tools for Community-Based Adaptation: Bridging the Meteorological Service and the work of the Red Cross, Malawi

The aim of this project was to strengthen the capacity for climate adaptation in rural Malawi, particularly among smallholder farmers.

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The Uncertainty Handbook: A Practical Guide for Climate Change Communicators

The Uncertainty Handbook provides guidance on 12 practical and easy-to apply principles for smarter communication about climate change uncertainties.

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C3D PARTNERS
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Leading Research and Training Institutions Meet to Share Experience on How to Help the Poorest Countries to Deal with Climate Change

The C3D+ partners reported on the work that they are doing to help countries improve access to climate information.

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Climate Talks in a Remote Mid Hill District of Nepal
Case Study

Climate Talks in a Remote Mid Hill District of Nepal

On February 17 2013, the Nepal Climate Change Knowledge Management Center organised a Climate Change Awareness Program at Diktel.

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Article

Developing regional climate change messages using multiple lines of evidence

This article provides guidance on how to build a message about changes in the regional climate (rather than the global climate).

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Strategy workshop
Case Study

Strategy workshop on climate knowledge management in Chitwan, Nepal

In April 2013 Nepal Climate Change Knowledge Management Center organized a one-day Strategy Workshop on Climate Change Knowledge Management in Bharatpur, the headquarter of Chitwan district, Nepal.

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impact2c - climate adaptation.
Article

The IMPACT2C web-atlas

The IMPACT2C web-atlas summarises in maps and texts the impact of global 2°C warming on Climate, Tourism, Energy, Health, Water, Coasts, Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystems.

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Wildfire Water Resource Pond
Case Study

Wildfire Water Resource Pond

The wildfire water resource has been part of a series of innovative wildfire projects.

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Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation
Article

Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation

Toward Resilience is a small, user- friendly guide aimed at helping field practitioners implement effective, sustainable, and integrated DRR and CCA programming.

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Perceptions of Climate Change in Pakistan
Case Study

Perceptions of Climate Change in Pakistan

Climate Asia is the largest ever study of people’s experience of climate change in seven countries - Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan and Vietnam.

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Climate Asia
Case Study

Perceptions of Climate Change in Nepal

Climate Asia is the largest ever study of people’s experience of climate change in seven countries - Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan and Vietnam.

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Climate Asia
Case Study

Perceptions of Climate Change in China

Climate Asia is the largest ever study of people’s experience of climate change in seven countries - Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan and Vietnam.

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Perceptions of Climate Change in Bangladesh
Case Study

Perceptions of Climate Change in Bangladesh

Climate Asia is the largest ever study of people’s experience of climate change in seven countries - Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan and Vietnam.

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Category:

Climate Information in Decision-Making

Factoring climate information into decision-making across scales is central to reducing vulnerability in the short, medium and long-term. This is particuarly the case in development strategies and planning, where the failure to include climate information in decision-making can result in lock-in to maladaptative pathways. The content included here looks at the use of climate information in decision-making, including how it is being used in decision-making, and how it can be mainstreamed into development planning. For more on relevant methods, tools and approaches see the Adaptation Decision Making theme and the Climate Knowledge Brokers network.

Fractal logo
Article

Climate Information Distillation: what is it and why do we need a framework?

This briefing note presents a distillation framework: an attempt to re-think how we go about constructing information to inform decisions. 

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Climate risk management
Article

Climate Risk Management Framework for India: Addressing Loss and Damage (L&D)

The CRM framework sets out a structured process to assess climate risks and develop various risk management measures at both national and state level. 

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Irrigation by m-louis via Flickr
Article

Review: Potential applications of subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) predictions

This article shares the first comprehensive review of sectoral applications of S2S predictions, highlighting the opportunities and challenges facing their uptake.

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flooded playground
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Ten ways to support climate change adaptation planning and decision-making

This brief, developed by researchers and facilitators working with municipal governments, provides targeted recommendations for co-designing actionable and user-focused climate services.

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Africa's Climate: Helping decision-makers make sense of climate information

This Future Climate For Africa report presents an overview of climate trends across regions of Africa & a series of climate factsheets that are tailored for specific sub-regions and countries.

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Climate change temperature map of the world
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Learning within & about climate science: What has transdisciplinary engagement through FRACTAL taught us?

This briefing note provides key discussion points on the role of learning in integrating climate science into decision making. 

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The utility of weather and climate information for adaptation decision-making: current uses and future prospects in Africa and India

This paper outlines currently available climate information and presents examples from Africa and India to highlight successes and barriers to the use and uptake of information in decision making.

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bridge
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Understanding Demand and Supply of Climate Change Knowledge Management in Nepal

This study explores ways in which climate change knowledge management in Nepal can be strengthened at the local to national level.

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caribbean weather
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Climate data and projections: supporting evidence-based decision-making in the Caribbean

This report provides an overview of climate data and information available from the CARibbean Weather Impacts Group (CARIWIG) data portal and how they can be used to support decision-making.

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Promoting the use of climate information to achieve long-term development objectives in sub-Saharan Africa: Results from the Future Climate For Africa scoping phase

This report provides initial research into the use of long-term (5-40 year) climate information in Malawi, Rwanda, Zambia and the coastal cities of Accra, Ghana and Maputo, Mozambique.

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Article

Future Climate for Africa: How is climate information being factored into long-term decision-making in Africa?

Photo credit by Alberto Loyo/Shutterstock.com The impacts of climate change in Africa will be significant and long-term (see for example here for some headline messages for Africa). Long-lived...
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Case Study

FCFA Pilot: Actual and Potential Weather and Climate Information Needs for Development Planning in Malawi: Results of a Future Climate for Africa Pilot Case Study

Summary There is growing interest about how climate information can be used to better inform decision-making across a range of sectors and socio-political and environmental settings. To investigate...
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Article

Effective use of climate science to improve adaptation in Africa

POLICY BRIEF : Effective use of climate science to improve adaptation in Africa Stockholm Environment Institute, May 2008 INTRODUCTION Adaptation to climate variability is not new, but climate change...
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Case Study

FCFA Pilot: Report from the Future Climate for Africa Pilot Country Case Study project; Ghana

Introduction As a precursor to the Future Climate for Africa (FCFA) research activities, CDKN, on behalf of DFID commissioned a series of case study activities with the purposes of exploring the...
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FRACTAL
Article

Co-exploratory climate risk workshops: Experiences from urban Africa

The paper describes a place-based co-exploratory analysis of climate risks.

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Article

Embracing the uncomfortable silences in climate information exchange

This article was written by Leonie Joubert and is part of a series that delves into the science that has been produced by various FCFA projects, and introduces some of the people behin

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Cover page of Transport Sector Climate Change Adaptation Guidance Note: highway junction with little traffic
Article

Transport Sector Climate Change Adaptation Guidance Note

This guidance aims to help incorporate climate change considerations into project planning and design in the transport sector.

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Cover page of Water Sector Climate Change Adaptation Guidance Note: child smiling drinking water from a hand water pump the
Article

Water Sector Climate Change Adaptation Guidance Note

This guidance aims to help incorporate climate change considerations into project planning and design in the water sector.

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Cover page of Energy Sector Climate Change Adaptation Guidance Note: child smiling drinking water from a hand water pump
Article

Energy Sector Climate Change Adaptation Guidance Note

This guidance aims to help incorporate climate change considerations into project planning and design in the energy sector.

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Cover page of Agriculture & Rural Development Sector Climate Change Adaptation Guidance Note
Article

Agriculture & Rural Development Sectors Climate Change Adaptation Guidance Note

This guidance aims to help incorporate climate change considerations into project planning and design in the agriculture & rural development sectors.

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climate knowledge brokers
Article

Knowledge Brokers are Key to Climate Services, Informing Evidence-Based Implementation of EU Climate and Water Policies

Read about this potent tool to help knowledge brokers in water management to work with stakeholders to co-create solutions to water challenges.

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Article

IMPRESSIONS - Impacts And Risks From High-End Scenarios: Strategies For Innovative Solutions

IMPRESSIONS aims to understand the consequences of high-end climate change and to evaluate how such knowledge can be used in effective and integrated adaptation and mitigation decision-making.

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Storm Simone 2013, Hallands Väderö. Photo: svt.se
Article

Tailoring climate information to meet adaptation decision-making needs: Insights from the HazardSupport project’s first phase

This article presents results from the first research phase of SEI’s HazardSupport project, which aims to help address climate change impacts relevant in Sweden today and in the future.

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HazardSupport: Risk-based decision support for adaptation to future natural hazards

Hazard Support aims to develop new methods for decision-makers and climate experts to tailor information about the impacts of climate change on natural hazards for adaptation decisions.

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Category:

Designing Delivering and Evaluating Effective Climate Services

Climate services involve the timely production, tailoring, translation and transfer of climate information, ensuring that the most relevant knowledge is effectively communicated, easily accessed and interpreted in order to develop policies and evaluate adaptation and mitigation strategies. The content provided here provides insights and guidance into how to deliver climate services that take into account user needs and that use highly participatory methods to co-produce and co-evaluate the service, ensuring that the information and process is truely tailored, and thereby of maximum benefit, to the user.

Take an interactive journey through these and other climate services resources with the Tandem online guidance for the co-design of climate services.

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Article

PARTNERS IN SCIENCE: How the People Who Should Benefit from Research Are Increasingly Shaping How It Is Done

Community-based participatory research has been gaining traction for the past two decades. Nature talked to three research groups that have built successful co-produced projects with this approach.

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Constituent elements of the Tandem framework, from p.11 of the publication.
Article

Refocusing the climate services lens: Introducing a framework for co-designing “transdisciplinary knowledge integration processes” to build climate resilience

This paper seeks to reconceptualize climate services in light of the prevailing inability of existing climate information to spur needed policy and action. It focusses on the transdisciplinary knowledge co-production process rather than the output of a climate services product.

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Stakeholder engagement
Article

A Critical Reflection on Learning from Future Climate for Africa

This article takes stock of the lessons emerging from FCFA’s collective experience in undertaking transdisciplinary research that can be used to inform future investments on climate and development.

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Case Study

Assessing Mali’s L’agence Nationale De La Météorologie’s (Mali Meteo) Agrometeorological Advisory Program: Final Report on the Farmer Use of Advisories and Implications for Climate Service Design

Marks the completion of the first detailed assessment of the function and impact of an operational climate services for development program, Mali Meteo's Agrometeorological Advisory Program.

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Article

Climate forecast information can help poor African farmers adapt to variations in rainfall

First published in Sustainable Development Update Issue 1, Volume 6, 2006 http://www.albaeco.com/sdu/26/htm/main.htm The world's climate is changing. Some of the most vulnerable people are those that...
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schoolgirl in sandy village
Article

Using climate information to achieve long-term development objectives in coastal Ghana and Mozambique

This policy brief describes a ‘co-exploration’ approach to identifying climate change adaptation needs in Accra, Ghana, and Maputo, Mozambique.

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Case Study

Improving the co-production of climate services for agriculture: a case study from Nigeria

This case study aimed to strengthen capacities of farmers and government officials to understand and share climate information and best practices to inform agricultural decision-making in Nigeria.

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Article

Climate information and services in BRACED countries

This paper summarises and assesses existing weather and climate information for BRACED programme countries, including existing climate services and problems in the use of the available information.

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cameroon
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The SEI Initiative on Climate Services

This initiative is developing and testing a new framework - Tandem - for the improved co-design, use and interpretation of climate services. 

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© Blane Harvey
Article

Designing Knowledge Coproduction for Climate and Development

This paper explores the ways climate and development researchers are using knowledge co-production approaches and the extent to which the approaches are reaching their potential.

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ladies _CDKN
Article

Co-producing climate knowledge – Great in theory, but how about practice?

This blog was written by Estelle Rouhaud, Research Project Manager at the 

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alexa jay temp pic - climate adaptation.
Article

How can climate services work for smallholder farmers?

Reflection on the Third International Conference on Climate Services (2013), where CGIAR showed donors, researchers and practitioners how climate services can work for smallholder farmers.

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Garden Wall Weather Station in Glacier National Park, USA. Credit: U.S. Geological Survey
Article

Delivering Climate Services: Organizational Strategies and Approaches for Producing Useful Climate-Science Information

This paper reports on research that evaluated how three Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments produced useful climate information for improved decision support in a variety of sectors.

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Article

Improving the use of seasonal climate forecasts in Lesotho

In Lesotho, seasonal climate forecasts are produced by Lesotho Meteorological Services and disseminated nationally. These forecasts, that provide probabilities of how much rainfall is expected during...
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climate exercise
Article

What makes a good climate service? Learning from practice

From texts about pests to climate podcasts for women farmers, this article provides the lessons learnt, useful examples and insights from panellists at a COP22 event co-hosted by SEI.

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rory hunter - ausaid 1 - climate adaptation.
Article

The changing role of NGOs in supporting climate services

This report examines the evolving role of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the production, communication and uptake of climate information.

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communication
Article

Climate Information & Early Warning Systems Communications Toolkit

Learn to issue and package early warnings and create integrated communications strategies that support the value proposition for climate information, weather forecasts and NMHS in Africa.

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Fresh fish just landed for sale on the beach, Kayar, Senegal. Photo by Anne Delaporte, 2011
Article

Closing the Gap between Climate Information Producers and Users: Assessment of Needs and Uptake in Senegal

This study analyzed experiences and lessons learned in Senegal, where various climate information services products attempted to effectively involve producers, technicians and policy‐makers.

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codevelopment of climate knowledge
Article

Lessons and practice of co-developing climate services with users

This report shares experiences and summarises lessons learned from Climateurope project partners on how to foster co-development of climate services between providers and users.

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UNDP environment and energy
Article

Revenue-Generating Opportunities Through Tailored Weather Information Products

This continental-scale market assessment investigated how thriving commercial weather markets could be catalysed in the 11 African countries supported by the CIRDA programme.

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senegal-cover 4 2 - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Assessing Climate Service Needs In Kaffrine, Senegal: Livelihoods, Identity, And Vulnerability To Climate Variability and Change

Climate services have the potential to reduce precipitation and temperature-related risks to agricultural production, boost agricultural yields, and build resilience in rural populations.

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Farming in Malawi
Article

Identifying climate services needs for national planning: insights from Malawi

This article identifies the opportunities and barriers to the use of climate services for national planning in Malawi.

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5437df093eb1escreen-shot-2014-10-10-at-14 - climate adaptation.
Article

Scaling up climate services for farmers: Mission Possible- Learning from good practice in Africa and Asia

This report presents lessons learned from 18 case studies across Africa and South Asia that have developed and delivered weather and climate information and related services for smallholder farmers.

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Category:

Capacity Building for Climate Services

Strengthening user's confidence in climate services and their own ability to interpret and use them is key to achieving greater individual and collective engagement with climate services, the mainstreaming of climate information in decision-making and for obtaining buy-in to support the developmnent of climate services. The content included here provides insights into, and methods for capacity building for climate services across levels. Additional resources specific to building knowledge brokering capacities can be found in the Climate Knowledge Brokers network.

Windhoek city stakeholders participating in the co-exploring language activity.
Article

"Explainer" Guide: Co-exploring Terminologies

This brief explains why co-exploring language and terminology is important for creating a level playing field at the beginning of a multi-stakeholder engagement.​

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workshop
Article

Using communicators to reach farmers with climate information services

A collaborative project trains communicators to disseminate climate information services and advisories to smallholder farmers.

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5062e8e43178ascreen-shot-2012-09-26-at-12 - climate adaptation.
Article

Weathering Climate Change in Maharashtra, India

Agriculture is weather dependent at the local level. Yet, currently, farmers do not have access to reliable locally relevant meteorological and agricultural information by which to plan and manage...
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5093de6004476tiempo-front-cover - climate adaptation.
Article

Receiving technology in adaptation projets

Introduction The process of adaptation (to climate variability and change) involves a change in behaviour and consequently a shift in activities as a result of changing (environmental) conditions. To...
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FCFA project logo
Article

IMPALA: Improving Model Processes For African Climate

The project aims to improve the ability of climate models to capture African climate systems, and thereby better enable decision-makers in Africa to use climate information.

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Paddy field observation during Climate Field School in Baruga Village, Kendari. Photo by Mohammad Fadli for USAID APIK
Case Study

Equipping Farmers with Climate and Weather Knowledge for More Resilient Agriculture

This success story is by Mohammad Fadli, Climate Information Services Advisor at USAID APIK.

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553dfd0e27dcelombok-training2 - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Mung beans, cacao and climate: Hands-on learning for adaptation planning in small islands

SEI Oxford and SEI Asia have been managing a Sida programme support project in South East Asia focused on strengthening climate adaptation planning for small island communities.

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SCD
Article

Barriers and opportunities for scientific capacity development on climate change in Africa

This study highlights barriers to and opportunities for robust scientific capacity development systems in diverse African contexts.

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Category:

Climate Services Initiatives

Climate services are varied in their structure and objectives. Here you will find different examples of climate services projects, alongside details including how and why they have been developed, the lessons that have been learnt during this process and the outcomes that have been achieved.

The Gambia agriculture
Case Study

Strengthening of The Gambia's Climate Change Early Warning System

This project built climate forecasting systems across Gambia and supported the transition of Gambia's National Meteorological Services (NMS) towards becoming financially sustainable.

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Farming in Rwanda
Case Study

Early Warning Climate Forecasting in Rwanda

This project built an early warning climate system to help farmers prepare in advance for extreme weather in Rwanda.

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Women pick tea leaves in Malawi in 2016
Case Study

Malawi heatwaves threaten tea yields and livelihoods

This FCFA blog was written by Neha Mittal, Katherina Vincent and Andy Do

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5343c899867abthialand-tsunami - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Indian Ocean Early Warning System (THAILAND)

Image showing tsunami hazard zone and evacuation map Project description Implementing community based early warning in Thailand, in collaboration with regional partners, SEI is undertaking a...
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53466958512705343d130ad7e9asia-s-tsunami-sri-lanka-photo-essays-time - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Indian Ocean Early Warning System (SRI LANKA)

Impact of tsunami in Sri lanka ©John Stanmeyer Project description Implementing community based early warning in Sri Lanka in collaboration with regional partners, SEI is undertaking a participatory...
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wheat
Case Study

Improving wheat productivity in Kazakhstan through the identification of best sowing intervals

Soil moisture and temperature are critical to seed survival. This method, developed by a joint USAID-UNDP project, determines the best intervals for sowing wheat using meteorological data.

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Fig. 2. Map of the Caribbean with CAMI countries highlighted.
Article

A framework for climate services evaluation and its application to the Caribbean Agrometeorological Initiative

This paper describes an elaborated logic model to structure the evaluation of a climate services program, which is demonstrated in a case study of the Caribbean Agrometeorological Initiative (CAMI).

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Category:

Regional Climate Change Projections and Impact Analyses

Global warming is resulting in climate change that is not homogenous across the globe but that has a high degree of spatial variability, impacting different regions in very different ways. The climate change analyses included here show the geographical diversity of climate change projections, and what impacts might be expected in different regions. To see related work on vulnerability assessments, approaches and methods, including impacts on sectors, see the Vulnerability theme.

Case Study

Projections of climate change for Mongu, Zambia

Change in rainfall at Mongu for the period 2046-2065 from a range of climate models Looking at the graph above there are periods in the year where there is agreement about changes in precipitation,...
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Case Study

Projections of climate change for Maradi, Niger

Change in precipitation for the period 2046-2065 Uncertainty over the driving forces of current W. African climate, such as the W. African monsoon, the role that land use change and vegetation...
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Case Study

Projections of climate change for Banjul, The Gambia

Change in rainfall for the period 2046-2065 from various climate models. Uncertainty over the driving forces of current W. African climate, such as the W. African monsoon, the role that land use...
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Case Study

Community perceptions of climate change around Mekele

Rainfall and actual evapotranspiration of Mekelle meteorological station Rainfall in the area around Mekele traditionally comprises a small rainy season from March-May (Belg) and a stronger rainy...
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cd kenya lodwar rainfall anomaly - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Changing Rainfall Patterns In North Eastern Kenya

Downscaled climate projects indicate a slight increase in rainfall for Lodwar, but also notable increases in temperature Analysis of downscaled GCM data from a number of models for Lodwar station...
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climatebargraph sanfran - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Projections Are Consistent In Showing An Increasing Temperature Trend

Temperatures and precipitation projections until 2100 under A2 and B1 emissions scenarios from 3 climate models, showing a marked increase in temperature for all scenarios shown. Precipitation...
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5060455c4ab49tanzania-front-iage - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Climate Analysis - Tanzania

The graphics show observed rainfall (monthly totals) and maximum temperature (monthly mean) for selected stations between 1979 and 2000. The blue envelope represents the range between the 10th and...
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Article

Climate change modelling and analysis for Mozambique

This article summarises key points from a report by Mark Tadross, of the Climate Systems Analysis Group at the University of Cape Town, titled Climate Change modelling and analysis for Mozambique (...
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Phalodi, India
Case Study

Science Summary: Heat wave in Phalodi, India, 19 May 2016

On Thursday 19 May 2016, the Indian city of Phalodi reached 51°C. The Raising Risk Awareness project studied whether human-induced climate change had any role to play in the extreme weather.

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Photo by Sushil Singh
Case Study

Science Summary: The heavy precipitation event in Chennai, India, 1 December 2015

The paper assesses whether an extreme rainfall event in Chennai could in part be attributed to human emissions of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and related climate change.

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Case Study

Developing climate messages for Zimbabwe using multiple sources of evidence

Climate feature Key messages Source Past climate variability High variability, frequent drought years and flood events Historical rainfall records ( CRU data ) Past climate trends Increasing...
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50607dc4997a3rwanda-pic - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Climate analysis for Rwanda

Drought Prone areas in Rwanda (Source, NAPA Report, 2006, Data from Meteorological service /MININFRA ) This climate analysis was conducted as part of the DFID-funded Economics of Climate Change in...
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5060548619519burundi-image - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Historical climate analysis and climate projections for Burundi

Main physical features and flood risk map of Burundi Background This climate analysis was conducted as part of the DFID-funded Economics of Climate Change on East Africa project. The Inter-Tropical...
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509934016d4ccmozambique - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Climate change modelling and analyses for Mozambique

About the report This report uses historical data and climate projections to assess how climate change may affect the operations of Mozambique's Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades (National...
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Article

Information on Zimbabwe's climate and how it is changing

Overview of key climate messages from Zimbabwe drawn from multiple sources of evidence Climate feature Key messages Source Past climate variability High variability, frequent drought years and flood...
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agriculture - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Agriculture

Bangladesh’s economy is primarily agricultural, accounting for 63% the labour force and 35% of GDP. The North- and South-western regions are drought-prone, with late arrival or early withdrawal of...
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505c8369da1abkenya-photo - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Historical climate analysis - Kenya

Minimum Temperature for Kericho, Kenya Background As part of the DFID project on Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Kenya, an analysis of the historic trends in precipitation, temperature and...
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4dda66bfa56cffig1e rca4 mena 1989-1991 tas ann mean tot - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Socio-Economic Vulnerability in the Arab Region

Arab Region PRELIMINARY Domain 1st RCA4 test simulation; mean annual temperature (1989-91)
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Case Study

CIRCE: Climate data for Oran case study

Annual rainfall in Oran 1926-2007 Oran is located in a semi-arid region bordered by the Saharan desert to the south and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. The climate displays strong inter-annual...
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Case Study

Delhi

Change in temperature 2046-2065 Average maximum temperatures in Delhi for mid-century are expected to increase in the range of 0.6-2°C and 2.2-4.2°C depending on the time of year. Warming is likely...
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Article

Bangladesh: Climate Projections

Climate change projections This work forms part of a Policy Briefing on Climate Change in Bangladesh produced by Practical Action in 2008 . Other sections of the report can be seen in the Related...
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livelihoods - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Livelihoods

The sectoral and health impacts of climate change are expected to have negative effects on livelihoods in terms of employment, income and consumption (including food security), and result in a lower...
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Article

Nepal: Climate Projections

Climate change projections for Nepal This work is part of a Policy Brief on Climate Change in Nepal produced by Practical Action in 2008 and provides a summary of climate change as currently...
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ecosystems - climate adaptation.
Case Study

Rising Salinity in the Sundarban Mangroves of Bangladesh

One of the main impacts will be the loss of the Sundarbans, the coastal mangroves on the Western coast, the habitat for several valuable species which act as a barrier against storm surge. A 45 cm...
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Emma Baker

Join our climate change Wikipedia edit-a-thon (24 November - 1 December)

“Dear colleagues, Last year there were 98.3 million pageviews of climate change articles on Wikipedia . That’s over 267,...”

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SouthSouthNorth KM Hub

WISER Webinar: Ten Principles for Good Co-Production in African Weather and Climate Services

“Dear Colleagues You are invited to attend the second public webinar hosted by the WISER programme entitled: Ten...”

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SouthSouthNorth KM Hub

FCFA webinar: An Embedded Researcher approach to integrate climate information into decision-making in southern African cities

“Dear Colleagues You are invited to a webinar hosted by Future Climate for Africa (FCFA) entitled: An Embedded...”

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Julia Barrott

AGU session and call for abstracts! "Actionable Climate Tools and Data: Rigorous, Accessible Products Tailored to User Needs"

“Are you creating novel visualization and computing platforms that provide climate data in readily accessible, usable...”

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Julia Barrott

Survey on developing, supporting and using climate services - for building good practice!

“The SEI initiative on climate services is conducting a short survey of resources that are valuable for developing,...”

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Will Bugler

Climate Change Job Vacancies Update: Job vacancy at Acclimatise

“Full-time. Minimum 5 years' experience. Please apply through the weblink https://acclimatise.homerun.co/communications-...”

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