Theme:

Climate, Food Security and Agriculture

Climate change is already noticeable through extreme weather events such as droughts and floods, water scarcity and changes in rainfall patterns as well as greater CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. Temperatures are rising, growing seasons are changing, and precipitation patterns are increasingly becoming more unpredictable. High rainfall variability in some months may have consequences for agriculture and other livelihood sectors, leading to food and nutrition crises.

The frequency, intensity and unpredictability of these climate hazards are already impacting staple crops worldwide and exacerbating existing vulnerabilities disrupting food production, food availability and crop productivity; increasing water scarcity and heat stress levels; altering food distribution infrastructure, increasing the incidence of food emergencies, changing livelihood assets and opportunities, as well as affecting human health in both rural and urban areas, among others.

Agriculture is important for food security because on the one hand it produces the food people eat; and on the other hand, it provides the primary source of livelihood for 36% of the world’s total workforce. In the densely populated regions of Asia and the Pacific, this share ranges from 40 to 50; and in sub-Saharan Africa, two-thirds of the working population still make their living from agriculture. If agricultural production in the low-income developing of Asia and Africa is adversely affected by climate change, the livelihoods of large numbers of the rural poor will be put at risk and their vulnerability to food insecurity increased (FAO, 2007).

Therefore, strengthening resilience to climate change is key to address potential food security and agriculture crises. This may involve adopting practices that enable vulnerable people to protect existing livelihoods, diversify their sources of income, change their livelihood strategies, migration to other areas, or shifting consumption patterns, livelihood activities and food preparation.

The Climate, Food Security and Agriculture theme collects worldwide evidence within the science-policy-practice interface and offers the possibility to learn from different worldwide programmes, projects and practices in various geographical contexts enabling you to connect with various professionals from different sectors and backgrounds to share knowledge and experience.

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Photo Credit - Jeffrey Barbee/Thomson Reuters Foundation

Photo Credit - Jeffrey Barbee/Thomson Reuters Foundation

Contacts

Category:

Land Use and Land Degradation

Winter crop cultivation
Case Study

Kazakhstan's local farmers adapt to climate aridity in the Akmola Oblast

Akmola Oblast is the nation’s agricultural center, but its fragile steppe ecosystem is subject to harsh weather conditions exacerbated by climate change and threatening local economy.

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Mindmap
Article

Three tools to unlock finance for land-use mitigation and adaptation

Governments and their partners can use these tools to identify efficient and effective land use mitigation and adaptation strategies and financial instruments, and encourage policy coordination.

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Desertification
Article

Farmer-led innovation in combating drought and desertification

CCAFS blog-post on farmer-led innovation in combating drought and desertification

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Category:

Climate-Smart agriculture

Face of water buffalo surrounded by green vegetation
Article

Climate-Smart Land Use Insight Brief No. 4- Silvopastoral systems for climate change mitigation and adaptation

Explore silvopastoral systems (SPS), a versatile farming technique that provides farmers with a valuable mitigation and adaptation strategy in Southeast Asia.

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Aerial view of desk, five individuals sitting around with notebooks
Article

Leadership for Responsive Climate Actions in Agriculture, Forestry and Food systems: Insights from the ASEAN Climate Leadership Programme

Learn about the role of leadership in promoting transformational change towards a low-carbon, resilient, and food secure economy and society, both globally and regionally. 

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Hand holding soil, only finger tips are seen around the brown soil
Article

Climate-Smart Land Use Insight Brief No. 5- Sustainable soil management for enhanced productivity and climate benefits in ASEAN

Brief on implementing sustainable soil management (SSM), a focus on restoring soil health, with many benefits that contribute to improving food security in Southeast Asia

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Woman standing in front of board presenting information
Article

Climate-Smart Land Use Insight Brief No. 3- Climate services to support adaptation and livelihoods

Bottom-up engagement is needed in shaping climate services to assist those impacted by climate change. Climate services play a key role in adaptation methods for Southeast Asia.

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Rice field, men farming the feild in the bottom half of photo
Article

Climate-Smart Land Use Insight Brief No. 1- Integrated Agriculture-Aquaculture (IAA) Systems for Climate Change Adaptation, Mitigation and Livelihoods

Integrated agriculture-aquaculture, a regionally historic system requiring limited resources, could provide a sustainable method for climate change adaptation, mitigation, and livelihoods. 

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Rice field with two people working the feild
Case Study

Climate-Smart Land Use (CSLU) in ASEAN

The Climate-Smart Land Use (CSLU) project strengthens the coordination role of members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in contributing to international and national climate policy processes on climate-smart land use in agriculture and forestry.

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Six people harvesting rice, standing in knee high water
Article

Climate-Smart Land Use Insight Brief No. 2- Alternate wetting and drying for climate change adaptation, mitigation and livelihoods

The report describes alternate wetting and drying as a technique of rice farmers in SEA to help adapt to the everchanging weather patterns brought on by climate change. 

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Sustainable agriculture in suboptimal land
Article

An introduction to sustainable agriculture practice on suboptimal land

Available arable lands are shrinking over time since most of them are already cultivated or converted. This article explores the way to convert suboptimal land into arable land, using an example from Indonesia. 

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The pilot climate smart chicken shed carries a number of innovations and benefits for local farmers. Photo: Nyoman Prayoga/USAID APIK
Case Study

Climate Risk Management to Secure Business Operation of Chicken Farming and Improve Livelihoods

Case study from Blitar District, Indonesia about an attempt to improve chicken farmer resilience through a pilot project on a new design of ‘climate smart’ chicken sheds. 

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transfer of agrotechnology
Case Study

The Japan-Caribbean Connection - The Transfer of Agrotechnology from Japan to the Caribbean

This case study highlights the key points and insights in relation to the North-South and South-South transfer of technology necessary for a more resilient agricultural sector in the Caribbean.

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fao micca
Article

Barriers, incentives and benefits in the adoption of climate-smart agriculture

Barriers, incentives and benefits in the adoption of climate-smart agriculture. Lessons from the MICCA pilot project in Kenya.

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climate smart agriculture
Article

Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook and Platform

This Sourcebook provides a wide range of knowledge and expertise to support actors to make the agricultural sectors (crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry) more sustainable and productive.

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Farmers meet with extension service representatives in Dororo district, Mozambique.
Article

Impact of Climate Change on Select Value Chains in Mozambique

This report details the likely impact of climate changes on three key crops (soy, pigeon pea and sesame) and analyzes opportunities to manage those risks across the value chain. 

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sahel farmer
Case Study

Framing innovations for climate resilience for farmers in the Sahel

This paper examines innovative approaches that have been adopted in four BRACED projects to build resilience to current and future climate risks.

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sahel farmer
Article

Framing innovations for climate resilience for farmers in the Sahel

This paper examines innovative approaches that have been adopted in four BRACED projects to build resilience to current and future climate risks.

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nepal map
Case Study

Climate-smart agriculture in Nepal

This brief synthesises CDKN, CGIAR, LI-BIRD and partners' research, field testing and policy work on climate-smart agriculture in Nepal.

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map of sudan
Case Study

Food security and climate change assessment: Sudan

This assessment, published jointly by WFP and the UK Met Office, outlines how climate risks impact household food security and livelihoods in Sudan.

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Karamoja farmer
Case Study

Impacts of climate change on food security and livelihoods in Karamoja

This study provides information on the existing threats to food security and livelihoods among households in Karamoja, and how climate change will exacerbate the situation

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A training workshop introducing Conservation Agriculture to the community.
Case Study

Conservation Agriculture in Karamoja, Uganda

The Conservation Agriculture project aims to increase household food security and income security through innovative agriculture and the use of VSLAs/VICOBA among the Dodoth people in Uganda.

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Smartphone based monitoring in agroforestry plot in Peruvian Amazon. Measuring DBH and recording information directly in the Open Data Kit Application.
Case Study

Implementing a smartphone-based monitoring system in Plant your Future's agroforestry project in the Peruvian Amazon

Plant your future aims to empower farmers in the Amazon to transition out of poverty through agroforestry. This case study describes a smartphone based system to monitor their restoration activities

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Women farmers are vulnerable to climate impacts on agriculture in Nepal
Case Study

INSIDE STORY: Climate-smart agriculture: learning from three agro-ecological regions of Nepal

Climate-smart agriculture mitigates climatic threats to food production in Nepal, which particularly affect women and smallholders.

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EFICAS logo
Case Study

Eco-Friendly Intensification and Climate-resilient Agricultural Systems

The EFICAS Project aims at developing innovative methods and intervention approaches to support farmers’ adoption of climate smart agricultural systems based on Conservation Agriculture

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African continent
Article

EbA-driven Agriculture in Africa - a comprehensive framework to upscale and outscale food security in the continent

A new paradigm for agricultural development suggests integrating EbA & value-chain approaches for more productive, socially inclusive & sustainable food systems in Africa.

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Report cover page "Evidence of impact: Climate-smart agriculture in Africa"
Article

Evidence of impact: Climate-smart agriculture in Africa

Africa’s climate is changing. Across the continent rainfall patterns are set to alter. In many areas droughts will become more frequent, more intense, and last longer. 

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Category:

Water Energy Food Nexus

Food systems are one key area for just transition (c) Deepak Kumar
Article

Issues Paper: Challenges and Opportunities for a Just Transition

This paper outlines key challenges and opportunities for a just transition in energy and food and cross-cutting topics including gender, youth, social inclusion, and a just COVID-19 recovery.

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Land-use map of Lake Tana, Ethiopia
Case Study

Meeting Ethiopia’s Development Goals by Addressing Links between Water, Energy and Food

In this project, SEI applied a 'nexus approach' to help policymakers achieve Ethiopia's Growth and Transformation Plans.

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Roasting coffee using biogas.
Article

Enabling opportunities to diversify farmers' livelihoods: Blending adaptation and mitigation practice

This blog explores the potential for farmers to use biogas not only for coffee roasting, but also for expanding other small businesses, thereby increasing their adaptive capacity.

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Glensaugh
Case Study

Glensaugh: Improving Climate Resilience

Glensaugh is an experimental farm that has implemented several measures aimed at reducing the impact of future climate change. These measures include the creation of renewable energy schemes and researching the best methods to combat unseasonal and extreme weather events.

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Paper preview
Article

Integrated Food-Energy Systems for Climate-Smart Agriculture

Integrated Food-Energy Systems for Climate-Smart Agriculture. 

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