Theme:

Climate, Food Security and Agriculture

Climate change is already noticeable through extreme weather events such as droughts and floods, water scarcity and changes in rainfall patterns as well as greater CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. Temperatures are rising, growing seasons are changing, and precipitation patterns are increasingly becoming more unpredictable. High rainfall variability in some months may have consequences for agriculture and other livelihood sectors, leading to food and nutrition crises.

The frequency, intensity and unpredictability of these climate hazards are already impacting staple crops worldwide and exacerbating existing vulnerabilities disrupting food production, food availability and crop productivity; increasing water scarcity and heat stress levels; altering food distribution infrastructure, increasing the incidence of food emergencies, changing livelihood assets and opportunities, as well as affecting human health in both rural and urban areas, among others.

Agriculture is important for food security because on the one hand it produces the food people eat; and on the other hand, it provides the primary source of livelihood for 36% of the world’s total workforce. In the densely populated regions of Asia and the Pacific, this share ranges from 40 to 50; and in sub-Saharan Africa, two-thirds of the working population still make their living from agriculture. If agricultural production in the low-income developing of Asia and Africa is adversely affected by climate change, the livelihoods of large numbers of the rural poor will be put at risk and their vulnerability to food insecurity increased (FAO, 2007).

Therefore, strengthening resilience to climate change is key to address potential food security and agriculture crises. This may involve adopting practices that enable vulnerable people to protect existing livelihoods, diversify their sources of income, change their livelihood strategies, migration to other areas, or shifting consumption patterns, livelihood activities and food preparation.

The Climate, Food Security and Agriculture theme collects worldwide evidence within the science-policy-practice interface and offers the possibility to learn from different worldwide programmes, projects and practices in various geographical contexts enabling you to connect with various professionals from different sectors and backgrounds to share knowledge and experience.

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Photo Credit - Jeffrey Barbee/Thomson Reuters Foundation

Photo Credit - Jeffrey Barbee/Thomson Reuters Foundation

Contacts

Category:

Land Use and Land Degradation

Winter crop cultivation
Case Study

Kazakhstan's local farmers adapt to climate aridity in the Akmola Oblast

Akmola Oblast is the nation’s agricultural center, but its fragile steppe ecosystem is subject to harsh weather conditions exacerbated by climate change and threatening local economy.

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Mindmap
Article

Three tools to unlock finance for land-use mitigation and adaptation

Governments and their partners can use these tools to identify efficient and effective land use mitigation and adaptation strategies and financial instruments, and encourage policy coordination.

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Desertification
Article

Farmer-led innovation in combating drought and desertification

CCAFS blog-post on farmer-led innovation in combating drought and desertification

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Category:

Climate-Smart agriculture

Sustainable agriculture in suboptimal land
Article

An introduction to sustainable agriculture practice on suboptimal land

Available arable lands are shrinking over time since most of them are already cultivated or converted. This article explores the way to convert suboptimal land into arable land, using an example from Indonesia. 

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transfer of agrotechnology
Case Study

The Japan-Caribbean Connection - The Transfer of Agrotechnology from Japan to the Caribbean

This case study highlights the key points and insights in relation to the North-South and South-South transfer of technology necessary for a more resilient agricultural sector in the Caribbean.

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fao micca
Article

Barriers, incentives and benefits in the adoption of climate-smart agriculture

Barriers, incentives and benefits in the adoption of climate-smart agriculture. Lessons from the MICCA pilot project in Kenya.

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climate smart agriculture
Article

Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook and Platform

This Sourcebook provides a wide range of knowledge and expertise to support actors to make the agricultural sectors (crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry) more sustainable and productive.

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sahel farmer
Case Study

Framing innovations for climate resilience for farmers in the Sahel

This paper examines innovative approaches that have been adopted in four BRACED projects to build resilience to current and future climate risks.

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sahel farmer
Article

Framing innovations for climate resilience for farmers in the Sahel

This paper examines innovative approaches that have been adopted in four BRACED projects to build resilience to current and future climate risks.

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nepal map
Case Study

Climate-smart agriculture in Nepal

This brief synthesises CDKN, CGIAR, LI-BIRD and partners' research, field testing and policy work on climate-smart agriculture in Nepal.

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A training workshop introducing Conservation Agriculture to the community.
Case Study

Conservation Agriculture in Karamoja, Uganda

The Conservation Agriculture project aims to increase household food security and income security through innovative agriculture and the use of VSLAs/VICOBA among the Dodoth people in Uganda.

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Smartphone based monitoring in agroforestry plot in Peruvian Amazon. Measuring DBH and recording information directly in the Open Data Kit Application.
Case Study

Implementing a smartphone-based monitoring system in Plant your Future's agroforestry project in the Peruvian Amazon

Plant your future aims to empower farmers in the Amazon to transition out of poverty through agroforestry. This case study describes a smartphone based system to monitor their restoration activities

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Women farmers are vulnerable to climate impacts on agriculture in Nepal
Case Study

INSIDE STORY: Climate-smart agriculture: learning from three agro-ecological regions of Nepal

Climate-smart agriculture mitigates climatic threats to food production in Nepal, which particularly affect women and smallholders.

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EFICAS logo
Case Study

Eco-Friendly Intensification and Climate-resilient Agricultural Systems

The EFICAS Project aims at developing innovative methods and intervention approaches to support farmers’ adoption of climate smart agricultural systems based on Conservation Agriculture

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African continent
Article

EbA-driven Agriculture in Africa - a comprehensive framework to upscale and outscale food security in the continent

A new paradigm for agricultural development suggests integrating EbA & value-chain approaches for more productive, socially inclusive & sustainable food systems in Africa.

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Report cover page "Evidence of impact: Climate-smart agriculture in Africa"
Article

Evidence of impact: Climate-smart agriculture in Africa

Africa’s climate is changing. Across the continent rainfall patterns are set to alter. In many areas droughts will become more frequent, more intense, and last longer. 

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Zimbabwe
Case Study

Coping with Drought and Climate Change in Zimbabwe

This project aimed to enhance the capacity of local people engaged in agriculture to adapt to climate variability and change through the demonstration of a range of gender-sensitive approaches. 

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Senegal
Case Study

Adaptation and Mitigation through “produced environment” at the rural community of Sebikotane in Senegal

ENDA SYSPRO had partnered with development researchers to implement a new farming system labeled ‘produced environment’ in the rural community of Sebikotane, Senegal.

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Tractor on a field
Case Study

Balruddery farm: Improving climate resilience

Balruddery Farm has implemented several measures aimed at reducing the impact of future climate change. These measures fall under two main categories:  ensuring soil is protected from compaction and erosion and managing water use for irrigation.

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Bounty harvest: Photo: Africare/Niger
Case Study

Triple Green II

This project will develop integrated experimental and modelling framework approaches that allow the investigation of the local to global scale opportunities and challenges for sustainable food production.

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Makeni
Case Study

Linkages between agro-energy investment, rural transformation and low carbon pathways: A sustainability assessment for the Makeni sugarcane project in Sierra Leone.

This project will conduct a sustainability assessment on the Makeni sugarcane project in Sierra Leone, from the perspective of rural transformation and low-carbon pathways.

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Rice farming
Case Study

Climate change implications for food security and livelihoods of small scale farmers

This study general aimed to determine the impacts of changing climate on rice production, availability and accessibility that can guide local policy actions towards climate compatible development.

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Rice farming
Case Study

Climate change implications to food security and livelihood of small scale farmers

This study general aimed to determine the impacts of changing climate on rice production, availability and accessibility that can guide local policy actions towards climate compatible development.

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Grains
Case Study

Making economic integration work for the rural poor through contract farming practices in Cambodia

This SUMERNET study has modelled policy recommendations in response to information provided by multiple stakeholders and experts, and compared the hopes for the future with the status on the ground.

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Grains
Case Study

Making economic integration work for the rural poor through contract farming practices in Laos

This SUMERNET study has modelled policy recommendations in response to information provided by multiple stakeholders and experts, and compared the hopes for the future with the status on the ground.

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Grains
Case Study

Making economic integration work for the rural poor through contract farming practices in Thailand

This SUMERNET study has modelled policy recommendations in response to information provided by multiple stakeholders and experts, and compared the hopes for the future with the status on the ground.

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Category:

Water Energy Food Nexus

Land-use map of Lake Tana, Ethiopia
Case Study

Meeting Ethiopia’s Development Goals by Addressing Links between Water, Energy and Food

In this project, SEI applied a 'nexus approach' to help policymakers achieve Ethiopia's Growth and Transformation Plans.

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Roasting coffee using biogas.
Article

Enabling opportunities to diversify farmers' livelihoods: Blending adaptation and mitigation practice

This blog explores the potential for farmers to use biogas not only for coffee roasting, but also for expanding other small businesses, thereby increasing their adaptive capacity.

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Glensaugh
Case Study

Glensaugh: Improving Climate Resilience

Glensaugh is an experimental farm that has implemented several measures aimed at reducing the impact of future climate change. These measures include the creation of renewable energy schemes and researching the best methods to combat unseasonal and extreme weather events.

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Paper preview
Article

Integrated Food-Energy Systems for Climate-Smart Agriculture

Integrated Food-Energy Systems for Climate-Smart Agriculture. 

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