Theme:

Towards a more effective, efficient and fair climate finance regime

Adapting to a warming world is likely to require vast amounts of financial resources. While estimates vary on the exact figures needed, mobilizing, allocating, and effectively utilizing climate finance remains one of the central challenges to implementing the Paris Agreement.

Adaptation finance flows through a highly complex network of actors, including bilaterally between nations, via multilateral climate funds and development banks, as well as from private sector actors. Each type of flow has unique policy and governance challenges, and effectively tracking or monitoring climate finance can be extraordinarily difficult.

At the same time, under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), developed nations have agreed to provided $100B USD of climate finance annually to developing countries, balancing both mitigation and adaptation needs. Significant efforts are underway to build climate finance readiness, prepare project pipelines focused on the particularly vulnerable, and begin to monitor and evaluate the impacts of adaptation finance after it has been disbursed.

This theme captures the wide array of issues associated with adaptation finance and highlights the experiences of researchers, policy-makers, and practitioners as they work toward building resilience and transforming our societies around the globe.

This theme is managed by the SEI Initiative on Climate Finance. Find out more about the initiative and SEI's work on Climate Finance here.

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    Photo credit: Ilirjan Rrumbullaku (Flickr/creative commons)

    Participating Organisations

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    Category:

    Adaptation Financing on the Ground

    Severe flooding in Thailand
    Article

    Financing from the Ground Up - Experiences in Adaptation Finance from Southeast Asia

    Climate adaptation finance, a critical resource for developing countries, can sometimes be governed via national-level institutions that are disconnected from the contexts and needs of local people.

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    Global recipients adaptation
    Article

    Climate finance: is it making a difference? A review of the effectiveness of multilateral climate funds

    This report, for the first time, analyses a decade of contributions and spending to nine major international and two national funds set-up to tackle climate change.

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    Article

    Financing Inclusive Low-Carbon Resilient Development: The Role of the Alternative Energy Promotion Centre in Nepal

    This report analyses the new financial delivery structures in Nepal that have been set up to channel low-carbon climate-resilient development finance to the poor, focusing on alternative energy.

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    Article

    Financing Inclusive Low-Carbon Development: The Role of Central Bank of Bangladesh and Infrastructure Development Company Ltd

    How can we deliver climate finance to those who need it most? We examine the choices countries make in financing low-carbon resilient development, focusing on experiences in Bangladesh.

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    Category:

    Private Sector Adaptation Financing

    How the private sector can play a role in financing climate change adaptation.

    financing transboundary water investments
    Article

    Financing transboundary water investments – from public good to shared interest

    This blog by Belynda Petrie, OneWorld Sustainable Investment, was originally published on the

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    mobilising private sector finance
    Article

    Guidebook: Mobilising private sector finance for climate change adaptation

    The key objective of the guidebook is to facilitate preparation of adaptation project proposals and to provide guidance on alternate funding options, focusing on the private sector. 

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    Bottom-Up Innovation for Adaptation Financing
    Article

    Bottom-Up Innovation for Adaptation Financing – New Approaches for Financing Adaptation Challenges Developed Through Practitioner Labs

    With regard to climate change adaptation, SMEs in emerging economies face significant financing challenges. Here, adelphi presents 6 innovative bottom-up approaches from India, Thailand and Uganda.

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    Water pump powered by solar cell at plantation
    Article

    The Roles of the Private Sector in Climate Change Adaptation - an Introduction

    This introduction shows how the private sector can advance adaptation. Actors can adapt to climate change, finance climate adaptation of others and support others through products and services.

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    engaging the private sector in financing climate adaptation
    Article

    Engaging the private sector in financing adaptation to climate change: Learning from practice

    The ACT learning brief presents a framework of five approaches that policymakers, practitioners and donors can use to motivate the private sector to invest in climate change adaptation.

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    Plugging The Climate Adaptation Gap With High Resilience Benefit Investments
    Article

    Plugging The Climate Adaptation Gap With High Resilience Benefit Investments

    To demonstrate the value of resilience benefits to various stakeholders S&P Global Ratings considers that it is important to quantify those benefits based on a robust modeling framework.

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    Millet crop - credit DFID
    Article

    Three key private finance initiatives for financing a 1.5°C target

    In this blog, Kamleshan Pillay, CDKN’s Climate Finance Lead, outlines three potentially game-changing initiatives to enhance private finance of climate action, in response to the release of the

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    rice farmers Mozambique
    Article

    What roles could private actors play in agricultural adaptation in sub-Saharan Africa? Insights from publicly funded projects

    This study examines proposals for 197 projects to determine the diversity of agricultural adaptation options available and to what extent private actors are involved with them in sub-Saharan Africa

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    Tourism Industry Financing of Climate Change Adaptation
    Article

    Tourism Industry Financing of Climate Change Adaptation: Exploring the Potential in Small Island Developing States

    The SIDS’ tourism sector is threatened by climate change and high adaptation costs. Through industry stakeholders, this study explores the potential of tourism to finance its own CCA.

     

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    Rwanda Akanyaru Project
    Article

    Mobilizing private finance: Unlocking the potential of Rwanda’s businesses to drive climate change adaptation

    This policy brief examines the prospects for mobilizing private climate finance in Rwanda, focusing mainly on adaptation, and highlights measures that could stimulate investment.

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    Estimated private finance for adaptation
    Article

    Estimating Mobilized Private Finance for Adaptation: Exploring Data and Methods

    The study develops, tests and evaluates methodologies for estimating private finance mobilized in developing countries by developed countries’ public finance interventions.

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    SEI private finance
    Article

    When does private finance count as climate finance? Accounting for private contributions towards international pledges

    This discussion brief examines different types of international private finance and asks questions about their suitability for being counted towards the Copenhagen commitment.

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    farmer
    Article

    Private finance for adaptation in LDCs? Spelling out the options

    This brief presents a comprehensive analytical framework for understanding private adaptation finance. 

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    Category:

    Directing Tracking and Monitoring Climate Finance

    Tools and methods for how to direct, track and monitor climate finance.

    Fishermen on Lake Kivu in Rwanda. Photo: Adis Dzebo / SEI
    Article

    A framework for mobilizing private finance and tracking the delivery of adaptation benefits

    This paper presents a conceptual framework that allows users to assess a country’s practices for mobilizing private sector finance for adaptation.

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    Adaptation portfolio
    Article

    Finance for the adaptation of ecosystems to climate change: a review of the Adaptation Fund portfolio

    This paper is interested in how much adaptation practitioners and funders focus on how other species adapt to climate change.

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    Steering International Adaptation Finance Towards the Local Level
    Article

    Steering International Adaptation Finance Towards the Local Level

    In this paper, adelphi's team of experts analyses key challenges and potential solutions for channelling money from the international to the local level in order to improve adaptation finance.

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    Ghana. Photographer: Ahsleigh Lovette
    Article

    Understanding and increasing finance for climate adaptation in developing countries

    This report explores the current state of finance for climate adaptation and proposes practical, near term solutions to both fill in knowledge gaps and to increase investment.

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    Raised homes in Bangladesh, a climate adaptation project
    Article

    Can the Least Developed Countries Count on the Green Climate Fund?

    The Green Climate Fund is a critical institution for the implementing of the Paris Agreement. Is it fulfilling its promisies and helping deliver successful adaptation outcomes in vulnerable nations?

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    UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa signs the COP23 hosting agreement with German State Secretary.
    Article

    Climate Finance Received - An Assessment of Biennial Update Reports

    In their Biennial Update Report submissions to the UNFCCC, Non-Annex I Parties have encountered difficulty adhearing to UN reporting requirements and have used vastly different reporting approaches.

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    VRC Case Study Niger
    Article

    Addressing Climate Change Impacts in the Sahel Using Vulnerability Reduction Credits

    This chapter summarizes the structure and utility of Vulnerability Reduction Credits and shows how VRCs are created and integrated into adaptations to heterogeneous climate risks. 

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    Glacier in Chile. Curt Carnemark/World Bank, via Flickr
    Article

    Toward climate finance reporting systems in Latin America

    This research brief calls for the development of robust reporting systems for climate finance in Latin America, through national capacity builidng and based on mutually-agreed priniciples.

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    Article

    Climate finance: How are dedicated climate funds progressing towards impact? 2015 update to reported results

    This short update summarises results reported in 2015 by 14 funds which have collectively approved more than $8.7 billion for climate change projects in developing countries. 

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    From Tracking to Action
    Article

    From Tracking to Action - Promoting Social Accountability in Adaptation Finance

    This report looks at emerging evidence of civil society engagement and identifies steps that providers of finance, governments, and CSOs can undertake to close the adaptation accountability gap.

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    ODI
    Article

    Climate Finance Thematic Briefing: Adaptation Finance

    This briefing provides an overview of finance flows and major funds supporting adaptation in 2015 and the geographical distribution of these funds.

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    Category:

    Project Preparation and Finance Readiness

    The articles provide advice and guidance on how to prepare climate finance projects.

    Children playing on mangrove stump in Tibar Bay, Timor Leste. Photo by USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific
    Article

    USAID Climate Change Adaptation Project Preparation Facility for Asia and the Pacific

    The USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific program shared information and best practices about climate fund requirements and helped governments build capacity to access climate change adaptation finance.

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    Enabling access to the Green Climate Fund: Sharing country lessons from South Asia
    Article

    Enabling access to the Green Climate Fund: Sharing country lessons from South Asia

    This learning paper provides insights from the Action on Climate Today (ACT) programme in South Asia to improve country ‘readiness’ to access climate finance. 

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    Man in boat fishes in river
    Article

    The LEDS GP Resource guide for NDC finance

    This guide presents a curated selection of high quality resources on a range of topics around finance for Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and low emission development strategies (LEDS).

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    Low-lying homes in Bangladesh
    Article

    Capacity building for climate change: Lessons from other regimes

    Climate leaders must learn from existing work in other international regimes to ensure the effectiveness of capacity-building programs.

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    image from front page forum 1
    Article

    USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific Annual Meeting Proceedings

    This article hosts the proceedings from the ADAPT Asia-Pacific Annual Forums, which aimed to support capacity building and technical assisstence on financing climate change adaptation

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    Guide to Climate Change Adaptation Project Preparation
    Article

    Guide to Climate Change Adaptation Project Preparation

    This guide aims to assist government and non-government agencies at all scales in preparing bankable climate change adaptation proposals to access various sources of financing. 

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    Guidelines for Designing Bankable Adaptation Projects
    Article

    Guidelines for Designing Bankable Adaptation Projects

    This paper presents a summary of the Project Appraisal Guidelines developed in collaboration with India’s National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). 

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    Shortlisting Climate Change Adaptation Projects
    Article

    Shortlisting Climate Change Adaptation Projects

    This document shares an example from USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific’s experience working with India’s NABARD to design a checklist for selecting projects to be financed by the Adaptation Fund.

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    Woman paddling a boat in Kampong Phluk village in Siem Reap, Cambodia.  Photo credit: ADB, via Flickr
    Article

    The Exchange Series on Climate Financing

    The APAN Exchange Series is a facilitated email information and knowledge exchange platform on climate financing operated and supported by USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific.

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    Understanding the Green Climate Fund
    Article

    Understanding the Green Climate Fund: Implications for the Evolving Architecture of Direct Access to Climate Finance

    This paper describes the Green Climate Fund and outlines key considerations to be taken into account to enhance the readiness of NCFs to directly access international climate finance.

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    An Assessment of Specialized International Funds with Available Resources for Climate Change Adaptation Projects in Asia and the Pacific
    Article

    An Assessment of Specialized International Funds with Available Resources for Climate Change Adaptation Projects in Asia and the Pacific

    This paper presents an assessment of specialized international funds with available resources for climate change adaptation projects in Asia and the Pacific

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    Boy playing near a flooded area in Popua Village at the outskirts of Nuku'alofa, the Capital of Tonga. Photo credit: Asian Development Bank, via Flickr
    Article

    Quick Guide to Climate Change Adaptation Funds

    This USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific Quick Guide is an easy to follow collection of 10 climate funds and initiatives available for financing adaptation activities in developing countries.

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    USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific Project Preparation Approach Paper
    Article

    USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific: Project Preparation Approach Paper

    This initial approach paper of the USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific project highlights the variety of projects and readiness in each target country in Asia. 

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    GCF project toolkit
    Article

    Green Climate Fund Proposal Toolkit

    This toolkit was developed to assist you in understanding what makes a funding proposal bankable and successful when it is reviewed during a GCF board meeting.

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    Bankable projects CDKN
    Article

    Understanding ‘bankability’ and unlocking climate finance for climate compatible development

    This paper focuses on understanding the concept of ‘bankability’ in support of the development of quality ‘bankable’ project proposals – to assist countries’ access to international climate finance.

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    Category:

    Governance of Climate Finance and Institutional Arrangements

    Insights and research into how governance and institutional arrangements are used in climate finance.

     Climate-smart village in Honduras in Santa Rita, Copán
    Article

    Adaptation Governance and Green Climate Fund Readiness in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean are utilizing the Green Climate Fund's Readiness Program in a variety of ways that demonstrate strong regional interest in good adaptation governance.

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    children in kenya
    Article

    Decentralising climate finance: insights from Kenya and Ethiopia

    This paper explores different mechanisms for delivering climate finance at the local level.

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     Country public financial management systems
    Article

    Defining Country Systems for Climate Change Adaptation Finance

    This paper uses “country systems” to refer to the set of tangible systems, processes and tools that support Public Financial Management (PFM) and examine the various parts of the process.
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    Communities in India are increasingly feeling the effects of drought and water shortages.
    Article

    Supporting National Climate Funds and Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review in Asia-Pacific

    This brief describes how USAID Adapt Asia-Pacific has supported the management of National Climate Funds and Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review for regional governments.
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    Participating Organisations