Mainstreaming Adaptation into Local Development Plans in Vietnam

Submitted by Pin Pravalprukskul | published 18th Oct 2012 | last updated 17th Mar 2020
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Climate change adaptation is a relatively new concept for Vietnam, where there is still little awareness of the possible impacts of long-term climate change or how to deal with them, and there are few resources available to do so. This report focuses on two adaptation projects in Vietnam: a climate change vulnerability assessment in the Cat Khanh Commune, Binh Dinh province, and efforts to ‘mainstream’ adaptation in the Binh Dinh province’s fishery sector. Both studies were participatory in nature, and it was found that the mainstreaming activities benefited significantly from the activities that were previously undertaken as part of the study, particularly the climate change training and the vulnerability assessment.

Overall, mainstreaming adaptation in Binh Dinh province faces several difficulties: limited availability of accurate data; limited knowledge of adaptation amongst stakeholders (at both the provincial and commune levels); lack of local officers to conduct mainstreaming exercises; and lack of official guidelines for mainstreaming climate change adaptation. Still, provincial leaders lent their support to the mainstreaming of adaptation in the Binh Dinh province, including the Binh Dinh’s Climate Change Coordination Office preparation of a legal document to mainstream adaptation into local development plans. Once approved, this document will be Vietnam’s first attempt at integrating adaptation into development planning at the provincial level. 

Successful mainstreaming of adaptation requires a participatory approach, with a wide range of stakeholders working together with experts, exchanging ideas and building mutual trust. Bringing stakeholders together with adaptation experts also proved to be an effective way to build adaptation capacity. Greater coordination between sectors is also necessary. Unfortunately, within Vietnam there is limited cross-sectoral and/or cross-agency cooperation, if any. Bringing the different groups together, particularly when the sectors/agencies do not fully understand or prioritize climate change, is a major challenge. In this context, the Climate Change Coordination Office becomes a crucial focal point for the diverse representatives from different levels, agencies and sectors.


Bach Tan Sinh and Vu Canh Toan. 2012, Mainstreaming adaptation into local development plans in Vietnam, Adaptation Knowledge Platform, Partner Report Series No. 3., Stockholm Environment Institute, Bangkok.

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